Lithotripsy

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Lithotripsy
Intervention
ICD-9-CM 98
MeSH D008096
MedlinePlus 007113

Lithotripsy is a medical procedure involving the physical destruction of hardened masses like kidney stones,[1] bezoars[2] or gallstones. The term is derived from the Greek words meaning "breaking (or pulverizing) stones" (litho- + τρίψω [tripso]).

Techniques[edit]

Holmium Laser Lithotripsy[edit]

Holmium laser with wavelength of 2100nm (infrared band) is used to break urinary stones which is ideal for breaking stones (even hardest). In ureteroscopy method, a thin telescope called ureteroscope will be passed through the natural urinary passage from the urethra up the bladder into the ureter where the stone is. The Holmium laser fiber can be placed in contact with the stone or adjacent to it. Short Holmium laser pulses create a shockwave that causes fragmentation of the stone. Holmium laser lithotripsy is superior to Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) due to high success rate (ESWL can't break all stones) and lesser complications.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lithotripsy, A.D.A.M. Medical Encyclopedia, Medline Plus (Bethesda, MD, U.S.A.: United States National Library of Medicine), September 16, 2011, OCLC 244795383, archived from the original on July 27, 2011, retrieved October 28, 2012, "Lithotripsy is a medical procedure that uses shock waves to break up stones in the kidney, bladder, or ureter (tube that carries urine from your kidneys to your bladder)." 
  2. ^ Hayashi, Kazuki; Ohara, Hirotaka; Naitoh, Itaru; Okumura, Fumihiro; Andoh, Tomoaki; Itoh, Takafumi; Nakazawa, Takahiro; Joh, Takashi (November 12, 2008), Persimmon bezoar successfully treated by oral intake of Coca-Cola: a case report, Cases Journal (London, England, U.K.: BioMed Central, published December 11, 2008) 1: 385, doi:10.1186/1757-1626-1-385, ISSN 1757-1626, OCLC 234326274, retrieved October 24, 2012, "There have been reports on the methods for treating bezoars, including surgical treatment, endoscopic lithotripsy, electrohydraulic lithotripsy, laser therapy, and even the use of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL)." 

External Ref[edit]