|Regions with significant populations|
|British Columbia||495+ (2006)|
|Nova Scotia||40+ (2006)|
|New Brunswick||15+ (2006)|
|Northwest Territories||10+ (2006)|
|Canadian English, Lithuanian, Québécois French|
|Roman Catholicism, Romuva, Lutheranism, Judaism|
|Related ethnic groups|
1 *11,425 solely of Lithuanian origin, 35,260 of mixed origin.
Lithuanian Canadians (Lithuanian: Kanados Lietuvių) are citizens of Canada who are fully or partially of Lithuanian descent. Over two-thirds of Lithuanian Canadians reside in Toronto, with other much smaller populations scattered around most of the Canadian provinces and territories.
The first documented Lithuanians in Canada were Lithuanians who fought in the British Army in Canada (1813-1815). Lithuanian immigrants to Canada came primarily for economic reasons, arriving between 1905-1940. The second wave of Lithuanians came after World War II, with most of the immigrants seeking to escape Communism after the unilateral Soviet incorporation of Lithuania into its boundaries. The third wave of immigrants began after the restoration of Lithuania's independence (1990), and have continued to arrive.
The majority of Lithuanian Canadians reside in Toronto. Other well-rooted populations of moderate size can be found in urban Ontario (particularly Mississauga and Hamilton), Montreal in Quebec, Alberta, Manitoba, and Nova Scotia. Lithuanian Canadians are present in 37 Canadian municipalities. Other groups have migrated to British Columbia, New Brunswick, Saskatchewan, the Northwest Territories, and Yukon.
The descendants of the first and second waves of Lithunian immigration are predominately Roman Catholic, while a minority are Romuvan or Evangelical Lutheran. A considerable percentage of Lithuanian Canadians have reverted to the indigenous Lithuanian religion (which has been revived as Romuva), particularly third-wave immigrants. There are two Roman Catholic parishes for Lithuanian Canadians, two Romuvan groups, and one Evangelical Lutheran congregation. And some minorities of Lithuanian-Jewish descent.
Famous Lithuanian Canadians
- Kevin Bieksa – current NHL player with the Vancouver Canucks.
- Annis Stukus – former Canadian football player, coach and general manager, and ice hockey general manager.
- Leo Rautins – is a former professional basketball player, the former head coach of the Canadian national men's basketball team, and an NBA analyst for the Toronto Raptors. Rautins' son Andy was drafted by the New York Knicks in 2010.
- Andy Rautins – is a guard for the New York Knicks of the NBA. He is one of four sons of retired NBA player Leo Rautins.
- Nik Stauskas – is a college basketball player for the Michigan Wolverines and the Canadian men's national basketball team.
- Ruta Lee – is a Canadian actress and dancer who appeared as one of the brides in the film Seven Brides for Seven Brothers.
- Alissa White-Gluz - is a singer-songwriter, animal rights activist and human rights activist. Former lead singer of The Agonist and current lead singer of the Swedish metal band Arch Enemy. (Her grandmother was from this Baltic state).
- "2006 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations | Ethnic Origin (247), Single and Multiple Ethnic Origin Responses (3) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data". 2.statcan.ca. 2011-04-07. Retrieved 2011-08-30.
- Feb 05, 2004 By Irena Ross (2004-02-05). "Lithuanians create cultural hub in Canada". Baltictimes.com. Retrieved 2011-08-30.
- "Lithuanian - Heritage Community Foundation". Abheritage.ca. Retrieved 2011-08-30.
- "2006 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations | Detailed Mother Tongue (186), Knowledge of Official Languages (5), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2001 and 2006 Censuses - 20% Sample Data". 2.statcan.ca. 2011-04-07. Retrieved 2011-08-30.
- Tokarev, Sergey (2011-02-22). "Lithuanian immigration". Immigration-online.org. Retrieved 2011-08-30.
- Danys, Milda (1986). DP, Lithuanian immigration to Canada after the second World War. Toronto: Multicultural History Society of Ontario. ISBN 0-919045-28-6.
- Ibid. 2
- Ibid. 2
- "Lietuvos Respublikos užsienio reikalų ministerija - Lithuania’s Cooperation with Canada". Urm.lt. Retrieved 2011-08-30.
- Ibid. 2
- Ibid. 2
- Modern paganism in world cultures: comparative perspectives By Michael Strmiska, pg. 278-279
- Ibid. 2
- Ibid. 2