Lithuanian Land Force
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|Lithuanian Land Force
Lietuvos sausumos pajėgos
Insignia of Land Forces Command
|Active||1918 - 1940
1990 - present
|Role||Defend territory of Lithuania and act as an integral part of NATO forces|
|Part of||Lithuanian Armed Forces|
|Motto||"Strength in the unity, victory in the trust!"|
|Equipment||Lithuanian army equipment|
|Major General Jonas Vytautas Žukas|
|Chief of Staff||Colonel Sergejus Draščiukas|
|Chief Warrant||Sergeant Major Arūnas Birbalas|
|Flag of Lithuanian Land Force|
|Flag of Land Forces Command|
The Lithuanian Land Forces (LLF) form the backbone of the country's defence force, capable of acting as an integral part of NATO forces. Lithuanian Land Forces consist of one brigade, the Engineer Battalion, and the National Defence Volunteers.
The main element of the Land Forces is a single mechanised infantry brigade, the Iron Wolf Mechanised Infantry Brigade. This is formed around three mechanized infantry battalions and an artillery battalion, all named after Lithuanian grand dukes as the tradition of the Lithuanian Armed Forces goes.
In addition to the formed infantry brigade, the Land Forces maintain three additional motorised infantry battalions; one of these is tasked to support operations both domestically and overseas; one is tasked primarily with the defence of territorial Lithuania, and the third is primarily a training unit
Juozas Vitkus Engineer Battalion is responsible for mine clearance, the construction of pontoon bridges, unexploded ordnance detonation tasks, underwater engineering, and participation in search and rescue operations. The Explosive Ordnance Disposal Platoon is ready to participate in international operations. Starting in 2008, the Lithuanian Armed Forces launched a 10-year-long project continuing mine cleaning on Lithuanian territory of explosives left after the First and Second World War, and in former soviet military bases.
As an integral part of the Land Forces, the National Defence Volunteers have been developing since the beginning of the national movement for independence. The volunteers act smoothly together with the Allies during military operations and have been assigned new missions: to augment the regular forces, to deploy individual units and specific capabilities for international operations, to assist host nation support and to support the civilian authorities.
- King Mindaugas Mechanised Infantry Battalion
- Grand Duke Algirdas Mechanised Infantry Battalion
- Grand Duchess Birutė Motorised Infantry Battalion
- Grand Duke Kęstutis Motorised Infantry Battalion
- General Romualdas Giedraitis artillery battalion
- Duke Vaidotas Forward Support Battalion
In reforming the Armed Forces, most attention and financial resources have been directed to the development of the Land Forces. In bringing them up to NATO standards, current efforts focus on upgrading equipment and armaments, enhancing their operational effectiveness, and combat training. The standard service assault rifle of the Lithuanian Armed Forces is the Heckler & Koch G36 and the standard pistol is the Glock 17. The Lithuanian Land Forces are also equipped with machine guns, including the GPMG MG-3, the FN MAG, and the 12.7mm (.50 cal.) M2 Browning machine gun. They also employ AT-4 and Carl Gustav anti-tank grenade launchers, HK GMG high-velocity grenade launchers, and low-velocity AG-36 under-the-barrel grenade launchers, in addition to light and heavy mortars and M101 howitzers. Army use high-technology Lithuanian-made tactical automated commanding and controlling informational systems (TAVVIS).
Lithuanian Land Forces are formed from professional military servicemen and volunteers. On 2008 the minister of national defence of Lithuania has signed a law that holds conscript calling to the army as Lithuania creates a professional army. National defence is based on reserve forces and mobilisation forces. New minister plans to increase national defence capabilities by making all males from 18 to 24 take 7 week military basic training. After that the person will be added to the military reserves.
International missions 
Lithuania participates in international missions in Kosovo, Afghanistan and Bosnia. The main force is in Afghanistan. Right now there are more than 200 soldiers serving on foreign soil. Government plans to increase the number of troops serving in international operations in 2009 to 300. Mainly they will send more special operation forces.
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Army of Lithuania|
- Lithuanian Ministry of Defence site
- Stefan Marx, 'Lithuania's Defence Structure,' Jane's Intelligence Review, September 1993, p. 407-409