Lithuanian Land Force

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Lithuanian Land Force
Lietuvos sausumos pajėgos
Insignia of the Lithuanian Land Force.jpg
Insignia of Land Forces Command
Active 1918 - 1940
1990 - present
Country  Lithuania
Branch Army
Type Land force
Role Defend territory of Lithuania and act as an integral part of NATO forces
Size 3500 regulars
4700 volunteers
Part of Lithuanian Armed Forces
Garrison/HQ Vilnius
Motto "Strength in the unity, victory in the trust!"
Equipment Lithuanian army equipment
Website Official site
Commanders
Current
commander
Major General Jonas Vytautas Žukas
Chief of Staff Colonel Sergejus Draščiukas
Chief Warrant Sergeant Major Arūnas Birbalas
Insignia
Flag of Lithuanian Land Force Flag of Lithuanian Army.svg
Flag of Land Forces Command Flag of Land Forces Command (Lithuania).jpg
Structure of the Lithuanian Land Forces

The Lithuanian Land Forces (LLF) form the backbone of the country's defence force, capable of acting as an integral part of NATO forces. Lithuanian Land Forces consist of one brigade, the Engineer Battalion, and the National Defence Volunteers.

Structure[edit]

The main element of the Land Forces is a single mechanised infantry brigade, the Iron Wolf Mechanised Infantry Brigade. This is formed around three mechanized infantry battalions and an artillery battalion, all named after Lithuanian grand dukes as the tradition of the Lithuanian Armed Forces goes.

In addition to the formed infantry brigade, the Land Forces maintain three additional motorised infantry battalions; one of these is tasked to support operations both domestically and overseas; one is tasked primarily with the defence of territorial Lithuania, and the third is primarily a training unit

Juozas Vitkus Engineer Battalion is responsible for mine clearance, the construction of pontoon bridges, unexploded ordnance detonation tasks, underwater engineering, and participation in search and rescue operations. The Explosive Ordnance Disposal Platoon is ready to participate in international operations. Starting in 2008, the Lithuanian Armed Forces launched a 10-year-long project continuing mine cleaning on Lithuanian territory of explosives left after the First and Second World War, and in former Soviet military bases.

As an integral part of the Land Forces, the National Defence Volunteers have been developing since the beginning of the national movement for independence. The volunteers act smoothly together with the Allies during military operations and have been assigned new missions: to augment the regular forces, to deploy individual units and specific capabilities for international operations, to assist host nation support and to support the civilian authorities.

Units[edit]

Insignia of the Mechanised Infantry Brigade Iron Wolf (Lithuania).jpg Iron Wolf Mechanised Infantry Brigade:

King Mindaugas battalion.jpg King Mindaugas Mechanised Infantry Battalion
Grand Duke Algirdas batalion symbol.jpg Grand Duke Algirdas Mechanised Infantry Battalion
Grand Duches Birute batalion symbol.jpg Grand Duchess Birutė Motorised Infantry Battalion
Grand Duke Kestutis batalion symbols.jpg Grand Duke Kęstutis Motorised Infantry Battalion
Former insignia of the General Romualdas Giedraitis Artillery Battalion (Lithuania).jpg General Romualdas Giedraitis artillery battalion
Former insignia of the Lithuanian Duke Vaidotas Mechanised Infantry Battalion.png Duke Vaidotas Forward Support Battalion

Former insignia of the Juozas Vitkus Engineer Battalion.gif Juozas Vitkus Engineer Battalion
Former insignia of the National Defence Volunteer Forces (Lithuania).jpg Lithuanian National Defence Volunteer Forces

Equipment[edit]

Heckler & Koch G36k in the hands of a Lithuanian soldier

In reforming the Armed Forces, most of the available attention and financial resources have been directed to the development of the Land Forces. To bring them up to NATO standards, current efforts focus on upgrading equipment and armaments, enhancing their operational effectiveness, and combat training. The standard service assault rifle of the Lithuanian Armed Forces is the Heckler & Koch G36 and the standard pistol is the Glock 17. The Lithuanian Land Forces are also equipped with machine guns, including the GPMG MG-3, the FN MAG, and the 12.7mm (.50 cal.) M2 Browning machine gun. They also employ the AT-4 and Carl Gustav anti-tank grenade launchers, HK GMG high-velocity grenade launchers, and low-velocity AG-36 under-the-barrel grenade launchers, in addition to light and heavy mortars and M101 howitzers. The army also uses high-technology Lithuanian-made tactical automated commanding and controlling informational systems (TAVVIS).

Reserves[edit]

Lithuanian Land Forces are formed from professional military servicemen and volunteers. In 2008 the minister of national defence of Lithuania signed a law that ceased conscription in an effort to develop Lithuania's profesisonal army. National defence is based on reserve forces and mobilisation forces. The new minister plans to increase national defence capabilities by making all males from 18 to 24 take 7 week military basic training. After that the person will be added to the military reserves.

International missions[edit]

Lithuania has participated in international missions in Kosovo, Afghanistan and Bosnia. The main force is currently (2013) in Afghanistan. Right now there are more than 200 soldiers serving on foreign soil

Location Mission Size
Afghanistan
ISAF
268
Bosnia
EUFOR-ALTHEA
20

References[edit]

As of this edit, this article uses content from "Lithuanian Armed Forces :: Structure » Land Forces", which is licensed in a way that permits reuse under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, but not under the GFDL. All relevant terms must be followed.