Lithuanian parliamentary election, 2012

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Lithuanian parliamentary election, 2012
Lithuania
2008 ←
14 and 28 October 2012

All 141 seats in the Seimas
71 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Algirdas Butkevičius.png Andrius Kubilius.jpg Viktor Uspaskich 1205.jpg
Leader Algirdas Butkevičius Andrius Kubilius Viktor Uspaskich
Party Social Democrats Homeland Union Labour
Last election 25 seats, 11.73% 45 seats, 19.69% 10 seats, 8.99%
Seats won 38 33 29
Seat change Increase 13 Decrease 12 Increase 19
Popular vote 251,610 (PR) 206,590 (PR) 271,520 (PR)
Percentage 18.37% (PR) 15.08% (PR) 19.82% (PR)
Swing Increase 6.64% Decrease 4.61% Increase 11.83%

Prime Minister before election

Andrius Kubilius
Homeland Union

Prime Minister-designate

Algirdas Butkevičius
Social Democrats

Coat of arms of Lithuania
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Lithuania

Parliamentary elections were held in Lithuania on 14 and 28 October 2012, alongside a referendum on the construction of a new power plant.[1] All 141 seats in the Seimas were up for election, 71 of them were filled through a two round race, one from each constituency; the remaining 70, through proportional representation from the results of the first round.

The Lithuanian Social Democratic Party became the largest party in the Seimas and defeated the centre-right coalition of Andrius Kubilius. The Social Democrats formed a government coalition with Labour Party, Order and Justice and Electoral Action of Poles in Lithuania.

Opinion polls[edit]

Party 2008 elections Opinion Polls (Conducted by Delfi.lt) (by Vilmorus) (Delfi.lt)
Seats % Mar 2012 [2] Apr 2012[2] May 2012 [3] Jun 2012 [4] Jul 2012 [5] Sep 2012[5] Sep 2012[6][7] Oct 2012 [8]
TS-LKD 45 19.6 8.2 7.7 7.2 8.5 7.7 7.6 12.3 7.9
TT 15 12.7 9.0 10.4 9.3 11.2 9.4 9.5 13.9 8.2
LSDP 25 11.8 12.0 14.1 13.6 14.2 17.9 16.3 23.4 16.9
DP 10 9.0 14.8 12.6 12.3 13.3 16.9 14.5 21.1 15.8
LRLS 11 5.7 7.2 5.8 5.7 6.1 5.2 4.8 5.3 5.8
LiCS 8 5.3 1.3 1.1 1.3 1.5 1.0 2.2 2.7 2.6
LLRA 3 4.8 1.7 1.9 1.5 2.8
LVŽS 3 3.7 4.2 2.4 2.0 1.3 3.2 2.3 3.5 2.7
TAIP new 5.0 4.2 3.9 4.5 3.8 3.7 1.5 2.7
Way of Courage new 3.5 1.6 3.7 6.5 3.9
Other parties 2.9 2.9 1.2 0.6 1.1  ? 1.7
Won't vote 28.4 30.2 25.0 20.2 22.6 11.6 21.3
Not sure 10.6 11.6 9.7 10.8 9.8 26 7.7

Note: The National Resurrection Party (16 seats) merged into the Liberal and Center Union in 2011. The New Union (Social Liberals) (1 seat) merged into the Labour Party during the same year. Additionally, four seats are held independent candidates.

Result[edit]

Party Proportional Constituency
seats
Total
seats
+/–
Votes % Seats
Social Democrats 251,610 18.37 15 23 38 Increase13
Homeland Union 206,590 15.08 13 20 33 Decrease12
Labour Party 271,520 19.82 17 12 29 Increase19
Order and Justice 100,120 7.31 6 5 11 Decrease 4
Liberal Movement 117,476 8.57 7 3 10 Decrease 1
Electoral Action of Poles in Lithuania 79,840 5.83 5 3 8 Increase 5
The Way of Courage 109,448 7.99 7 7 New
Peasant and Greens Union 53,141 3.88 1 1 Decrease 2
Liberal and Centre Union 28,263 2.06 Decrease 8
YES 24,129 1.76 New
Socialist People's Front 16,515 1.21 Steady
Christian Party 16,494 1.20 New
For Lithuania in Lithuania 12,854 0.94 New
Young Lithuania 8,632 0.63 Steady
Democratic Labour and Unity Party 4,383 0.32 New
Emigrants Party 4,015 0.29 New
Republican Party 3,661 0.27 New
Lithuanian People's Party 3,399 0.25 New
Independents 3 3 Decrease 1
Invalid/blank votes 57,924
Total 1,370,014 100 70 70 (1 to go) 140
Registered voters/turnout 2,588,418 52.93
Source: VRK


Reactions[edit]

Following the elections, the winning Social Democrat party proposed forming a government coalition with the Labour Party and Order and Justice. President Dalia Grybauskaitė said she could not accept the Labour Party as part of the government, as the party had allegedly committed electoral fraud and party leader Viktor Uspaskich has been under suspicion of illicit party financing. The Lithuanian electoral office as well as prosecution authorities have claimed that two Labour Party members had purchased votes. Outgoing prime minister Andrius Kubilius of the Conservatives Homeland Union presented his party as an alternative coalition partner and appeared ready for negotiations with the Social Democrats.[9] However, the leader of the Social Democrats, Algirdas Butkevičius, planned no talks with Kubilius.[10]

In total, the police has investigated 27 cases of possible irregularities, including 18 suspected cases of vote buying. Most of them incriminate the Labour Party.[10] Labour Party leader Uspaskich denounced the allegations as politically motivated and warned that no one should disrespect the popular choice. On 31 October, the designated prime minister Butkevičius confirmed to uphold on the Social Democrats' plan to form a coalition with the Labour Party and Order and Justice, under possible participation of the Electoral Action of Poles in Lithuania.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ex-President Valdas Adamkus calls scheduled nuclear plant referendum a mockery 15 min, 7 August 2012
  2. ^ a b "Apklausa: premjero poste gyventojai nori matyti nebe I.Degutienę, o V.Uspaskichą". Delfi. Retrieved 12 July 2012. 
  3. ^ "Apklausa: V.Uspaskichas jau nebėra trokštamiausias premjeras". Delfi. Retrieved 12 July 2012. 
  4. ^ ""Drąsos keliui" kol kas patekimu į Seimą nekvepia". Delfi. Retrieved 2012-07-12. 
  5. ^ a b "Apklausa: socdemų ir "darbiečių" populiarumas nežymiai smuko, "Drąsos kelio" augo". Delfi. Retrieved 27 September 2012. 
  6. ^ Seputyte, Milda (24 September 2012), Lithuanian Opposition Leads Opinion Polls Before Oct. 14 Vote, Businessweek 
  7. ^ "Vilmorus" apklausa rodo, kad labai daug gyventojų neapsisprendę, už ką balsuoti, Bernardinai, 22 September 2012 
  8. ^ "Apklausoje pirmauja socdemai ir Darbo partija". Delfi. Retrieved 11 October 2012. 
  9. ^ Kulbis, Mindaugas (29 October 2012), Lithuania in post-election crisis after president rejects possible govt coalition due to fraud, The Washington Post (Associated Press) 
  10. ^ a b Lannin, Patrick; Sytas, Andrius (29 October 2012), Lithuania president vetoes coalition in vote fraud row, Reuters 
  11. ^ Bradley, Bryan (31 October 2012), Lithuanian Opposition Moves Closer to Coalition Pact, BNS Says, Businessweek