Litija (German: Littai) is a town and a municipality in central Slovenia. It is located in the valley of the river Sava, to the east of the capital Ljubljana. Traditionally, the area was situated on the border between the historical provinces of Carniola and Styria. Most of the municipality belonged to the traditional region of Lower Carniola, while some parts were part of Lower Styria. The entire municipality is now included in the Central Slovenia statistical region. The town is home to about 7,000 people, while the population of the municipality is about 15,000.
The town of Litija is first mentioned in church documents dating to 1145. It developed as a trading post between Trieste, Ljubljana, and Croatia. The town gained market rights in the 14th century. According to Janez Vajkard Valvasor, the name evolved from litus, the Latin word for 'riverbank'. In Roman times mining developed in Litija and remained one of the primary sources of income until the 1965, when the biggest of the mines closed. In 1849 the Austrian Southern Railway reached Litija and boosted its economy. This development, however, also meant a decline in some of the traditional local professions. The LITTAI post-office was opened in December 1852. The German name only was used before 1867.
Until 1918, the town (bilingual names LITTAI - LITIJA was part of the Austrian monarchy (Austria side after the compromise of 1867), head of the district with the same name, one of the 11 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Carniola province.
The parish church in the settlement is dedicated to Saint Nicholas and belongs to the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Ljubljana. The current building was built in 1884 and extended in 1997.
Coat of arms 
The municipal coat of arms shows the situla vase from Vače (Vače situla), the river Sava, and a boatmant pushing his boat, known as a punt, across the Sava.
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