Litovelské Pomoraví Protected Landscape Area

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Coordinates: 49°40′48″N 18°02′28″E / 49.680°N 18.041°E / 49.680; 18.041
CHKO Litovelské Pomoraví
Protected Landscape Area
Plane loucky.jpg
Plané loučky in Litovelské Pomoraví protected landscape area
Country Czech Republic
Regions Moravia, Litovel
Coordinates 49°40′48″N 18°02′28″E / 49.680°N 18.041°E / 49.680; 18.041 [1]
Area 96 km2 (37 sq mi)
Biome forests
Founded 1990
Management Správa CHKO Litovelské Pomoraví
IUCN category V - Protected Landscape/Seascape
Website: Litovelské Pomoraví
Designated: 2 November 1993

Litovelské Pomoraví (Czech: Chráněná krajinná oblast Litovelské Pomoraví, usually abbreviated as CHKO Litovelské Pomoraví) is a 96 km2 (37 sq mi) protected landscape area established on 15 November 1990, in the floodplain of the Morava River, north of Olomouc, in the Czech Republic. In the centre of the area lies the ancient city of Litovel, nicknamed "Venice of Hanakia", from which the protected area has derived its name.

The ecological backbone of the protected landscape area is the naturally meandering Morava, in floodplain forests branching out and forming a complex system of permanent and temporary river arms, a so-called anastomosing river system. The uncontrollability and power of regular floods in the Middle Ages led Hanakian farmers to building a wreath of dikes around the forest where it meets agricultural land. Thanks to these the floodplain forests of Litovelské Pomoraví have within living memory offered significant flood protection to surrounding villages and the cities of Olomouc and Litovel, as they form an enormous natural polder catching and storing the overflowing water without causing damage.

West of Litovel the floodplain forest complex passes into the picturesque landscape around Nové Zámky with a set of tastefully arranged small romantic buildings from the 19th century (Obelisk, the artificial ruins of Rytířské síné, Přatelství church, the artificial cave of Podkova). A prominent scenic element here is the calcareous ridge of Třesín hill, sharply falling into the Morava river floodplain. The strongly karsted Devonian limestone of Třesín enabled the formation of a complex cave system (Mladeč caves) and a unique geological phenomenon called "buried karst" in the floodplain. In the northern part of the protected landscape area the floodplain forest is connected to the large area of Doubravy with hilly beech-oak and oak-hornbeam woods which reach up to the Úsov castle.

References[edit]

  • Administration of Protected Landscape Area Litovelské Pomoraví.

External links[edit]