Little Bedwyn

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Little Bedwyn
Little Bedwyn Church - geograph.org.uk - 99686.jpg
St Michael's parish church
Little Bedwyn is located in Wiltshire
Little Bedwyn
Little Bedwyn
 Little Bedwyn shown within Wiltshire
Population 280 (2001 census)[1]
OS grid reference SU2966
Civil parish Little Bedwyn
Unitary authority Wiltshire
Ceremonial county Wiltshire
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Marlborough
Postcode district SN8
Dialling code 01672
Police Wiltshire
Fire Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament Devizes
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire

Coordinates: 51°23′28″N 1°34′55″W / 51.391°N 1.582°W / 51.391; -1.582

Little Bedwyn (also spelt Little Bedwin, and sometimes called Bedwyn Parva) is a village and civil parish on the River Dun in Wiltshire, about 3 miles (4.8 km) south-west of the market town of Hungerford in neighbouring Berkshire.

The parish includes the hamlets of Chisbury and Timbridge.

The Kennet and Avon Canal and the Reading to Taunton railway line follow the Dun and pass through the village. Little Bedwyn is served by Bedwyn railway station, which is about 1 mile (1.6 km) south-west of the village at Great Bedwyn.

History[edit]

Bedwyn Dyke, an early medieval fortification that may be part of the Wansdyke, passes through the parish.

Most of Little Bedwyn was part of a larger estate called Bedwyn which in the early Middle Ages was held by the kings of Wessex and of England. Anciently the whole parish was within Savernake Forest.[2]

The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland of 1868 says of Little Bedwyn:

BEDWIN, (or Bedwyn, Little), a parish and village in the hundred of Kinwardstone, in the county of Wilts, 1 mile to the N.E. of Great Bedwyn. It was anciently a part of Great Bedwyn; but was made a separate parish at the beginning of the 15th century. It is situated on the Kennet and Avon canal, and includes the hamlets of Chisbury and Timbridge. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Salisbury, of the value of £280, in the patronage of the prebendary. The church, an ancient edifice, partly in the Norman style, is dedicated to St. Michael. Chisbury Camp is in this parish. Within the entrenchment are the remains of an old chapel, now converted into a barn. The Wansdyke passes through Little Bedwyn.[3]

The Bedwyn Dyke, an early medieval fortification that may be a continuation of the Wansdyke, passes through the parish.[4]

About 0.62 miles (1.00 km) west of Little Bedwyn is Chisbury Camp, an Iron Age hill fort consisting of earthworks which enclose some 14 acres (5.7 ha).[5] Within the camp is the former St Martin's chapel, a Decorated Gothic building[5] of flint, now a farm building.[6]

In the mid 19th century there was some uncertainty as to whether the parish included about 150 acres (61 ha) of Savernake Forest lying at the parish's western end, but by the 1880s it had been decided that the land was part of the parish. From then until 1987 the total size of the parish was 4,343 acres (1,758 ha). In 1987, an area of 120 acres (49 ha) was transferred to Great Bedwyn.[2][7]

The population of the parish has fluctuated in recent centuries. Between 1801 and 1871 it rose from 428 to 579, but since then it has fallen gradually and in 2001 stood at 280.[8]

Parish church[edit]

The Church of England parish church of St. Michael at Little Bedwyn is at the north end of the village, on the bank of the River Dun. It had been built by 1158 and was originally a dependent chapelry of Great Bedwyn.[2] The nave is of three bays.[9] The tower may have been built in the latter part of the 13th century. The chancel and aisles were rebuilt about 1400[2] with Perpendicular Gothic windows.[10] In the 15th century the tower was rebuilt, the spire was added and so was the porch.[2] The north aisle roof dates from about 1500.[2]

In 1841 the nave and chancel were re-roofed.[2] In 1868 the vestry was added and St. Michael's was restored under the direction of the Gothic Revival architect T.H. Wyatt.[2] The spire was dismantled and rebuilt in 1963 after being struck by lightning.[2]

St. Michael's parish registers are in the Wiltshire and Swindon History Centre and cover the years 1722-1857 (baptisms), 1722-1959 (marriages), and 1722-1919 (burials).[11] The church is a Grade I listed building.

Notable people[edit]

Gillian Anderson, who played Dana Scully in the X-Files lives at Little Bedwyn.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area selected: Kennet (Non-Metropolitan District)". Neighbourhood Statistics: Full Dataset View. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 25 January 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Crowley, 1999, pages 50-69
  3. ^ The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868)
  4. ^ Chandler, John (2008). "Little Bedwyn Concise History". Wiltshire County Council. Retrieved 2010-03-01. 
  5. ^ a b Pevsner & Cherry, 1975, page 174
  6. ^ Frank R. Heath, The Little Guides - WILTSHIRE (7th edition, 1949)
  7. ^ Statutory Instruments 1987, no. 619: Kennet (Parishes) Order
  8. ^ Population census figures at wiltshire.gov.uk
  9. ^ Pevsner & Cherry, 1975, page 296
  10. ^ Pevsner & Cherry, 1975, page 297
  11. ^ Little Bedwin, Wiltshire, England, at genuki.org.uk

External links[edit]

Sources[edit]