Little Bolton

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Little Bolton
Area
 - 1881 1,779 acres (7.20 km2)[1]
 - 1891 727 acres (2.94 km2)
Population
 - 1801 4,867
 - 1891 44,307
History
 - Created Middle Ages
 - Abolished 1895
Status Township (Until 1866),
Civil parish (1866–95)
 - HQ Little Bolton Town Hall

Little Bolton was a township of the civil and ecclesiastical parish of Bolton le Moors in the Salford hundred of Lancashire, England.[2] Besides the main part of Little Bolton, it had three detached parts which were separated by areas of Lower Sharples and Higher Sharples.[3][4] Despite its name, Little Bolton had a larger acreage than its southern neighbour Great Bolton, from which it was separated by the River Croal.[4][5]

Governance[edit]

Historically, Little Bolton formed part of the Hundred of Salford, a judicial division of southwest Lancashire. It was one of the townships that made up the ancient ecclesiastical parish of Bolton le Moors.[6]

Under provisions of the Poor Relief Act 1662, townships replaced civil parishes as the main units of local administration in Lancashire.[7] Little Bolton became one of the eighteen autonomous townships of the civil parish of Bolton le Moors.[2] The township appointed overseers of the poor who administered poor relief to those in need and Highway surveyors who maintained the roads, all of which was funded by levying a rate from the inhabitants of the township.

In 1792, the first of the Bolton Improvement Acts was passed by the Houses of Parliament which established the Little Bolton Police Commissioners (or Trustees) who took responsibility for improving the township.[8] St George's Church, the township's first place of worship, was completed in 1796, and Little Bolton Town Hall was built in 1826.[9] The Little Bolton Improvement Act of 1830 converted the Trustees into an elected Corporation.[8]

Under the Municipal Corporations Act 1835, the Municipal borough of Bolton was established in 1838 as a local authority, which comprised most of Little Bolton, the whole of Great Bolton, and the Haulgh area of the township of Tonge with Haulgh.[10] The northern detached parts of Little Bolton were included in the area of Astley Bridge Local Board of Health in 1864.[11] In 1866, Little Bolton became a civil parish.[12] Although part of the Municipal Borough of Bolton from 1838, Little Bolton was used for the censuses until the civil parish was abolished in 1895.[12] For recording births, marriages, and deaths, Little Bolton continued as a sub-district of the Bolton Registration district until 1947.[13]

Demography[edit]

Year 1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891
Population 4,867 7,099 9,258 12,896 15,707 19,888 24,942 35,013 41,937 44,307
Sources: Local population statistics[14] Vision of Britain.[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Great Britain Historical GIS Project (2004). "Little Bolton CP/Ch through time. Population Statistics. Area (acres)". A vision of Britain through time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 9 August 2010. 
  2. ^ a b Farrer, William; Brownbill, J., eds. (1911). "Little Bolton". A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 5. British History Online. pp. 251–255. Retrieved 9 August 2010. 
  3. ^ "Bolton Area Map: Ancient Parishes and Townships". Boydhouse. Retrieved 9 August 2010. 
  4. ^ a b Billington, W.D. (1982). From Affetside to Yarrow. Egerton: Ross Anderson Publications. pp. 6–8. ISBN 0-86360-003-4. 
  5. ^ Little Bolton Township Map, genuki.org, retrieved 13 August 2010 
  6. ^ "Bolton-Le-Moors (St. Peter)", A Topographical Dictionary of England (British History Online), 1848: 295–302, retrieved 11 February 2010  |first1= missing |last1= in Editors list (help)
  7. ^ "Local Authority Records: Townships And Civil Parishes". Bolton Museum and Archive Service. Retrieved 9 August 2010. 
  8. ^ a b "Records of the Little Bolton Improvement Trustees". Access to Archives. The National Archives. Retrieved 9 August 2010. 
  9. ^ "Former Town Hall of the Little Bolton Township". flickr.com. Retrieved 9 August 2010. 
  10. ^ "Greater Manchester Gazetteer". Greater Manchester County Record Office. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 9 August 2010. 
  11. ^ "Greater Manchester Gazetteer". Greater Manchester County Record Office. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 9 August 2010. 
  12. ^ a b Great Britain Historical GIS Project (2004). "Little Bolton CP/Ch through time. Census tables with data for the Parish-level Unit". A vision of Britain through time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 9 August 2010. 
  13. ^ "Coverage of the Birth Indexes". Lancashire BMD. Retrieved 9 August 2010. 
  14. ^ Tatton, Pauline. Local population statistics 1801-1986. Bolton: Bolton Central Library Archives. 
  15. ^ Great Britain Historical GIS Project (2004). "Little Bolton CP/Ch through time. Population Statistics. Total Population". A vision of Britain through time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 9 August 2010.