Little Bow

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Little Bow
Flag of Alberta.svg Alberta electoral district
LittleBow in Alberta.jpg
2010 boundaries
Provincial electoral district
Legislature Legislative Assembly of Alberta
MLA
 
 
 
Ian Donovan
Progressive Conservative
District created 1913
First contested 1913
Last contested 2012

Little Bow is a provincial electoral district in rural southern Alberta, Canada. The district, named after the Little Bow River, was created in 1913. It is mandated to return a representative to the Legislative Assembly of Alberta.

Throughout its history, this district has been dominated by agricultural activities. Because the area is prone to summer time drought and frequent water rationing, agriculture has been limited to grain crops and cattle ranches. The recent BSE crisis, and the subsequent closure of the US border to Canadian cattle, has been a major election issue.

The district's major communities, Vulcan, Coalhurst, the Siksika Nation, Arrowwood, Picture Butte and Mossleigh provide service centres for area's agricultural and oil & gas industries.

History[edit]

The electoral district was created in the 1913 boundary redistribution from four different districts. It was primarily carved out of Lethbridge District and also took land from the eastern portion of High River, Claresholm and Nanton.

The 2010 boundary redistribution saw the electoral district change only slightly as a portion of land was moved into the district from Highwood.[1]

Boundary history[edit]

Representation history[edit]

Members of the Legislative Assembly for Little Bow
Assembly Years Member Party
See Claresholm 1909-1913 High River 1905-1913,
Lethbridge District 1909-1913 and Nanton 1909-1913
3rd 1913–1917 James McNaughton Liberal
4th 1917–1921
5th 1921–1926 Oran McPherson United Farmers
6th 1926–1930
7th 1930–1935
8th 1935–1940 Peter Dawson Social Credit
9th 1940–1944
10th 1944–1948
11th 1948–1952
12th 1952–1955
13th 1955–1959
14th 1959–1963
1963 Vacant
15th 1963–1967 Raymond Speaker Social Credit
16th 1967–1971
17th 1971–1975
18th 1975–1979
19th 1979–1982
1982 Independent
20th 1982–1985
1985 Political Alternative
1985-1986 Representative
21st 1986–1987
1987-1989 Progressive Conservative
22nd 1989–1992
1992 Vacant
1992-1993 Barry McFarland Progressive Conservative
23rd 1993–1997
24th 1997–2001
25th 2001–2004
26th 2004–2008
27th 2008–2012
28th 2012–2014 Ian Donovan Wildrose
2014–present Progressive Conservative[4]

The electoral district was created in 1913 in the controversial and scandal ridden redistricting that year. It was created from four different ridings which had a mixture of representation primarily Liberals as well as Independents and a Conservative.

Through the first 100 years in the history of this district, it has only been represented by five members of the Legislative Assembly. The recent history has shown voters in this riding tend to favour the candidate more than the party as shown by Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) Raymond Speaker's lengthy term in office.

The first representative elected in 1913 was Liberal candidate James McNaughton He won re-election with a landslide majority in 1917. McNaughton would be defeated running for his third term in office by United Farmers candidate Oran McPherson.

McPherson became Speaker of the Legislature in 1922. He was re-elected to his second term in 1926 defeating McNaughton for the last time and acclaimed to his third term in 1930. Near the end of his third term McPherson went through a scandal-ridden divorce that made front page headlines. He lost favour with his constituents at a time when the United Farmers lost popularity due to the great depression and the John Edward Brownlee sex scandal.

Little Bow would change representatives in 1935. The electors went along with most of the province in returning a Social Credit candidate. Peter Dawson would easily defeat McPherson with a landslide majority as his party formed government. Dawson became the second speaker of the Assembly to represent the district in 1937.

Dawson would enjoy a long career in the Assembly easily winning re-election in 1940, 1944, 1948, 1952, 1955 and 1959 without his popular support dropping below 50%. On March 24, 1963 McPherson would die from a heart attack. Little Bow would be left vacant until the 1963 general election held a few months later.

The 1963 election would return the third representative of the riding Social Credit candidate Raymond Speaker who won his first election easily with 64% of the popular vote. He would be re-elected to his second term with a landslide in 1967. After the election Premier Ernest Manning appointed Speaker to the provincial cabinet as a Minister without Portfolio. When Premier Harry Strom came to power in 1968 Speaker kept his seat this time becoming Minister of Social Development.

Speaker would win his third term in office in the 1971 election with a large majority. He would lose his cabinet post as his party was swept out of government. He would win re-election as a Social Credit MLA with large majorities in 1975 and 1979 despite the near total collapse of his party.

On October 5, 1982, Speaker who was acting as House leader of the Social Credit caucus had issues with Party leader Rod Sykes. He crossed the floor along with Walt Buck to sit as an Independent MLA. Speaker ran as an Independent candidate in 1982 and won holding his seat with just over 50% of the popular vote.

After the 1982 election Speaker and Buck tried to form the official opposition instead of the two man NDP caucus. The legislature denied them funding and they didn't get the same budget that the NDP had because they weren't a party. In 1984 they registered the Political Alternative Association with elections Alberta which they quickly renamed the Representative Party of Alberta. Speaker became leader of the party and lead it into the 1986 election.

The Representative party would hold its two seats with Speaker winning his seventh term in office. He would abandon the Representative Party to cross the floor to the Progressive Conservative caucus in 1987. Speaker ran for re-election as a Progressive Conservative candidate in 1989 and won his eighth term. He was re-appointed to cabinet by Premier Don Getty as Minister of Municipal Affairs after an 18 year absence.

Speaker vacated his seat in 1992 after being nominated by the Reform Party of Canada to run for a seat to the Canadian House of Commons. After Speaker left, a contentious and divided by-election took place. Progressive Conservative candidate Barry McFarland barely retained this seat for the party. The Liberals came very close to taking back Little Bow, with its best result in 70 years.

McFarland was re-elected five times since winning that 1992 by-election.

Legislature results[edit]

1913 general election[edit]

1913 Alberta general election results[5] Turnout 78.22% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Liberal James McNaughton 721 52.02% *
     Conservative John MacDonald 339 24.46% *
     Independent Conservative F.A. Bryant 202 14.57% *
Socialist Alfred Buddon 124 8.95% *
Total 1,386 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined Unknown
1,772 Eligible Electors
     Liberal pickup new district Swing N/A

1917 general election[edit]

1917 Alberta general election results[6] Turnout 35.89% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Liberal James McNaughton 808 77.39% 25.37%
Socialist Homer Thomas 236 22.61% 13.66% *
Total 1,044 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 0
2,909 Eligible Electors
     Liberal hold Swing 19.52%

1921 general election[edit]

1921 Alberta general election results[7] Turnout 73.97% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     United Farmers Oran McPherson 1,554 64.48% *
     Liberal James McNaughton 856 35.52% -41.87%
Total 2,410 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 0
3,258 Eligible Electors
     United Farmers pickup from Liberal Swing 53.18%

1926 general election[edit]

1926 Alberta general election results[8] Turnout 77.93% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     United Farmers Oran McPherson 1,367 57.00% -7.48%
     Liberal James McNaughton 556 23.19% -12.33%
     Conservative P.M. Patterson 475 19.81% *
Total 2,398 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 123
3,235 Eligible Electors
     United Farmers hold Swing -9.91%

1930 general election[edit]

1930 Alberta general election results[9]
Affiliation Candidate Votes
     United Farmers Oran McPherson Acclaimed
Unknown Eligible Electors
     United Farmers hold

1935 general election[edit]

1935 Alberta general election results[10] Turnout 87.91% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Social Credit Peter Dawson 2,322 66.34% *
     United Farmers Oran McPherson 704 20.11% -36.89%
     Liberal L.H. Stack 474 13.54% -9.65% *
Total 3,500 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 113
4,110 Eligible Electors
     Social Credit pickup from United Farmers Swing 51.62%
  1. Results change compared to 1926 election

1940 general election[edit]

1940 Alberta general election results[11] Turnout 86.01% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Social Credit Peter Dawson 2,162 51.53% -14.81%
     Independent E.H. Griffin 2,034 48.47% *
Total 4,196 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 146
5,048 Eligible Electors
     Social Credit hold Swing -31.64%

1944 general election[edit]

1944 Alberta general election results[12] Turnout 75.97% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Social Credit Peter Dawson 1,958 55.14% 3.61%
     Independent J.D. Hagerman 826 23.26% *
     Co-operative Commonwealth Rudolph Kotkas 767 21.60% *
Total 3,551 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 18
4,674 Eligible Electors
     Social Credit hold Swing 13.44%

1948 general election[edit]

1948 Alberta general election results[13] Turnout 75.08% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Social Credit Peter Dawson 1,865 55.08% 0.06%
     Independent George Carson 1,086 32.07% *
     Co-operative Commonwealth John Griffin 435 12.85% -8.75% *
Total 3,386 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 173
4,740 Eligible Electors
     Social Credit hold Swing 16.10%

1952 general election[edit]

1952 Alberta general election results[14] Turnout 70.99% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Social Credit Peter Dawson 2,668 65.39% 10.31%
     Liberal Maxwell Morrison 1,001 24.54% *
     Co-operative Commonwealth David Smith 411 10.07% -2.78% *
Total 4,080 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 265
4,674 Eligible Electors
     Social Credit hold Swing 17.43%

1955 general election[edit]

1955 Alberta general election results[15] Turnout 75.24% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Social Credit Peter Dawson 2,481 57.04% -8.35%
     Liberal Varno Westersund 1,359 31.24% 6.70% *
     Progressive Conservative Norman Scotney 510 11.72% *
Total 4,350 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 257
6,123 Eligible Electors
     Social Credit hold Swing -7.53%

1959 general election[edit]

1959 Alberta general election results[16] Turnout 75.24% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Social Credit Peter Dawson 2,939 64.86% 7.82%
     Progressive Conservative Bernard Tonken 989 21.83% 10.11% *
     Liberal Donald McNiven 603 13.31% -17.93% *
Total 4,531 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 11
5,805 Eligible Electors
     Social Credit hold Swing 8.97%

1963 general election[edit]

1963 Alberta general election results[17] Turnout 69.72% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Social Credit Raymond Speaker 3,368 64.01% -0.85% *
     Progressive Conservative Douglas Galbraith 1,245 23.66% 1.83% *
     Liberal Arthur Ulrich 649 12.33% -0.98% *
Total 5,262 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 24
7,582 Eligible Electors
     Social Credit hold Swing -1.34%

1967 general election[edit]

1967 Alberta general election results[18] Turnout 66.54% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Social Credit Raymond Speaker 3,367 68.48% 0.47%
     Independent Arthur Ulrich 978 19.89% * 7.56%
     NDP John Head 572 11.63% *
Total 4,917 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 16
7,413 Eligible Electors
     Social Credit hold Swing 4.02%

1971 general election[edit]

1971 Alberta general election results[19] Turnout 78.84% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Social Credit Raymond Speaker 3,400 58.53% -9.95%
     Progressive Conservative John Green 2,114 36.39% *
     NDP Edward Rodney 295 5.08% -6.55% *
Total 5,809 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 11
7,382 Eligible Electors
     Social Credit hold Swing -23.17%

1975 general election[edit]

1975 Alberta general election results[20] Turnout 74.04% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Social Credit Raymond Speaker 3,132 57.64% -0.89%
     Progressive Conservative George McMorris 2,019 37.15% 0.76% *
     Liberal Ben Loman 157 2.89% *
     NDP Wayne Doolittle 126 2.32% -2.76% *
Total 5,434 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 11
7,354 Eligible Electors
     Social Credit hold Swing -0.83%

1979 general election[edit]

1979 Alberta general election results[21] Turnout 69.59% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Social Credit Raymond Speaker 3,748 65.63% 7.99%
     Progressive Conservative Richard Papworth 1,684 29.49% -7.66% *
     NDP Beth Jantzie 236 4.13% 1.81% *
     Liberal John Fujimargari 43 0.75% -2.14% *
Total 5,711 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 11
8,238 Eligible Electors
     Social Credit hold Swing 7.83%

1982 general election[edit]

1982 Alberta general election results[22] Turnout 77.77% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Independent Raymond Speaker 3,174 50.09% * -15.54%
     Progressive Conservative Cliff Wright 2,144 33.83% 4.34% *
     Western Canada Concept Wayne Lawlor 851 13.43% *
     NDP Beth Jantzie 168 2.65% -1.48%
Total 5,711 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 11
8,168 Eligible Electors
     Independent hold from floor crossing Swing -9.94%

1986 general election[edit]

1986 Alberta general election results[23] Turnout 62.12% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Representative Raymond Speaker 3,791 63.65% * 13.56%
     Progressive Conservative Cliff Wright 1,805 30.31% -3.52%
     Confederation of Regions Dean Oseen 158 2.65% *
     NDP Christina Tomaschuk 137 2.30% -0.35% *
     Liberal Ben Loman 65 1.09% *
Total 5,956 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 10
9,604 Eligible Electors
     Representative hold from floor crossing Swing 8.54%

1989 general election[edit]

1989 Alberta general election results[24] Turnout 65.13% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Progressive Conservative Raymond Speaker 3,907 79.54% 49.23% 15.89%
     Liberal Elzien Schopman 579 11.79% 10.70% *
     NDP Keith Ford 426 8.67% 6.37% *
Total 4,912 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 7
9,145 Eligible Electors
     Progressive Conservative hold from floor crossing Swing 29.97%

1992 by-election[edit]

March 5, 1992 by-election results[25] Turnout 61.18% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Progressive Conservative Barry McFarland 1,966 35.20% -44.34% *
     Liberal Donna Graham 1,704 30.51% 18.72% *
     NDP Ruth Scalplock 601 10.76% 2.09% *
     Social Credit Al Strom 521 9.33% *
     Alliance Larry Haller 399 7.14% *
     Confederation of Regions Dean Oseen 394 7.06% *
Total 5,585 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 18
9,158 Eligible Electors
     Progressive Conservative hold Swing -31.53%

By-election called due to the resignation of Raymond Speaker on January 3, 1992.

1993 general election[edit]

1993 Alberta general election results[26] Turnout 66.30% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Progressive Conservative Barry McFarland 6,709 67.24% 32.04%
     Liberal Donna Graham 2,886 28.93% -1.58%
     NDP Rod Lachmuth 382 3.83% -6.93% *
Total 9,977 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 26
15,087 Eligible Electors
     Progressive Conservative hold Swing 16.81%

1997 general election[edit]

1997 Alberta general election results[27] Turnout 54.34% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Progressive Conservative Barry McFarland 6,726 69.56% 2.32%
     Liberal Alida Hess 2,075 21.46% -4.47% *
     NDP Marko Hilgersom 868 8.98% 5.15% *
Total 9,669 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 26
17,896 Eligible Electors
     Progressive Conservative hold Swing 3.40%

2001 general election[edit]

2001 Alberta general election results[28] Turnout 56.71% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Progressive Conservative Barry McFarland 6,881 64.80% -4.76%
     Liberal Arij Langstraat 2,534 23.86% 2.40% *
     Independent Jon Koch 885 8.33% *
     NDP Andrea Enes 319 3.01% -5.97% *
Total 10,619 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 25
18,771 Eligible Electors
     Progressive Conservative hold Swing -3.58%

2004 general election[edit]

2004 Alberta general election results[29] Turnout 45.87% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Progressive Conservative Barry McFarland 4,899 54.24% -10.56%
     Liberal Arij Langstraat 1,961 21.71% -2.15%
     Alberta Alliance Jay Phin 857 9.49% *
     Social Credit Brian Cook 554 6.13% *
     Separation Grant Shaw 433 4.79% *
     NDP Hugh Logie 328 3.64% 0.63% *
Total 9,032 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 67
19,835 Eligible Electors
     Progressive Conservative hold Swing -6.36%

2008 general election[edit]

2008 Alberta general election results[30] Turnout 40.09% Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Progressive Conservative Barry McFarland 5,150 58.06% 3.82%
     Wildrose Alliance Kevin Kinahan 2,051 23.12% 13.63% *
     Liberal Everett Tanis 1,080 12.18% -9.53% *
     NDP Duane Petluk 322 3.63% -0.01% *
Greens Marie Read 267 3.01% *
Total 8,870 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 32
22,204 Eligible Electors
     Progressive Conservative hold Swing 8.73%

2012 general election[edit]

2012 Alberta general election Turnout % Swing
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Party Personal
     Wildrose Ian Donovan 6,756 54.18% % *
     Progressive Conservative John Kolk 4,477 35.90% %
     NDP Bev Muendel-Atherstone 767 6.15% % *
     Liberal Everett Tanis 470 3.77% % *
Total ' 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined
Eligible Electors
     Wildrose pickup from Progressive Conservative Swing %

Senate nominee results[edit]

2004 Senate nominee election district results[edit]

2004 Senate nominee election results: Little Bow[31] Turnout 45.49%
Affiliation Candidate Votes % Votes % Ballots Rank
     Progressive Conservative Bert Brown 3,805 16.94% 51.29% 1
     Progressive Conservative Betty Unger 2,861 12.74% 38.56% 2
     Independent Link Byfield 2,771 12.33% 37.35% 4
     Progressive Conservative Cliff Breitkreuz 2,184 9.72% 29.44% 3
     Progressive Conservative Jim Silye 2,028 9.03% 27.34% 5
     Alberta Alliance Vance Gough 1,992 8.87% 26.85% 8
     Progressive Conservative David Usherwood 1,892 8.42% 25.50% 6
     Alberta Alliance Michael Roth 1,843 8.20% 24.84% 7
     Alberta Alliance Gary Horan 1,648 7.34% 22.21% 10
     Independent Tom Sindlinger 1,442 6.41% 19.44% 9
Total Votes 22,466 100%
Total Ballots 7,419 3.03 Votes Per Ballot
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 2,712

Voters had the option of selecting 4 Candidates on the Ballot

2012 Senate nominee election district results[edit]

Student Vote results[edit]

2004 election[edit]

Participating Schools[32]
Calvin Christian School
Champion School
Coalhurst High School
Dorothy Danliesh Elementary School
Huntsville School
Lomond Colony School
Noble Central School
Picture Butte High School
R.I. Baker Middle School
St. Josephs' School

On November 19, 2004 a Student Vote was conducted at participating Alberta schools to parallel the 2004 Alberta general election results. The vote was designed to educate students and simulate the electoral process for persons who have not yet reached the legal majority. The vote was conducted in 80 of the 83 provincial electoral districts with students voting for actual election candidates. Schools with a large student body that reside in another electoral district had the option to vote for candidates outside of the electoral district then where they were physically located.

2004 Alberta Student Vote results[33]
Affiliation Candidate Votes %
     Progressive Conservative Barry McFarland 396 41.12%
     Liberal Arij Langstraat 176 18.28%
     New Democrat Hugh Logie 114 11.84%
     Alberta Alliance Jay Phin 106 11.01%
     Social Credit Brian Cook 98 10.17%
     Separation Grant Shaw 73 7.58%
Total 963 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 74

2012 election[edit]

2012 Alberta Student Vote results
Affiliation Candidate Votes %
     Progressive Conservative John Kolk %
     Wildrose Ian Donovan %
     Liberal Everett Tanis %
     Alberta Party %
     NDP Bev Muendel-Atherstone %
Total ' 100%

Plebiscite results[edit]

1948 Electrification Plebiscite[edit]

District results from the first province wide plebiscite on electricity regulation.

Option A Option B
Are you in favour of the generation and distribution of electricity being continued by the Power Companies? Are you in favour of the generation and distribution of electricity being made a publicly owned utility administered by the Alberta Government Power Commission?
1,069     28.42% 2,716     71.76%
Province wide result: Option A passed.

1957 liquor plebiscite[edit]

1957 Alberta liquor plebiscite results: Little Bow[34]
Question A: Do you approve additional types of outlets for the
sale of beer, wine and spirituous liquor subject to a local vote?
Ballot Choice Votes %
Yes 1,584 51.50%
No 1,492 48.50%
Total Votes 3,076 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 1
5,715 Eligible Electors, Turnout 53.84%

On October 30, 1957 a stand alone plebiscite was held province wide in all 50 of the then current provincial electoral districts in Alberta. The government decided to consult Alberta voters to decide on liquor sales and mixed drinking after a divisive debate in the Legislature. The plebiscite was intended to deal with the growing demand for reforming antiquated liquor control laws.[35]

The plebiscite was conducted in two parts. Question A asked in all districts, asked the voters if the sale of liquor should be expanded in Alberta, while Question B asked in a handful of districts within the corporate limits of Calgary and Edmonton asked if men and woman were allowed to drink together in establishments.[34]

Province wide Question A of the plebiscite passed in 33 of the 50 districts while Question B passed in all five districts. Little Bow just barely voted in favour of the proposal with both sides polling a strong vote. Voter turnout in the district was one of the best in the province, significantly above the province wide average of 46%.[34]

Official district returns were released to the public on December 31, 1957.[34] The Social Credit government in power at the time did not considered the results binding.[36] However the results of the vote led the government to repeal all existing liquor legislation and introduce an entirely new Liquor Act.[37]

Municipal districts lying inside electoral districts that voted against the Plebiscite were designated Local Option Zones by the Alberta Liquor Control Board and considered effective dry zones, business owners that wanted a license had to petition for a binding municipal plebiscite in order to be granted a license.[38]

1967 Daylight Saving Plebiscite[edit]

District data from the 1967 Daylight Saving Plebiscite

Do you favour province-wide daylight saving time?
For Against
1,365   27.98% 3,185   72.01%
Province wide result: Failed

1971 Daylight Saving Plebiscite[edit]

District data from the 1971 Daylight Saving Plebiscite

Do you favour province-wide daylight saving time?
For Against
2,306   40.17% 3,434   59.83%
Province wide result: Passed

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Proposed Electoral Division Areas, Boundaries, and Names for Alberta". Alberta Electoral Boundaries Commission. June 2010. p. 21. Retrieved January 14, 2012. 
  2. ^ "E‑4.1". Statutes of the Province of Alberta. Government of Alberta. 2003. pp. 57–59. 
  3. ^ "Bill 28 Electoral Divisions Act". Legislative Assembly of Alberta. 2010. 
  4. ^ "Wildrose MLAs leave party to join PCs". Global Edmonton. November 24, 2014. Retrieved November 24, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Little Bow Official Results 1913 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 21, 2010. 
  6. ^ "Little Bow Official Results 1917 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 21, 2010. 
  7. ^ "Little Bow Official Results 1921 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 21, 2010. 
  8. ^ "Little Bow Official Results 1926 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 21, 2010. 
  9. ^ "Little Bow Official Results 1930 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 21, 2010. 
  10. ^ "Little Bow Official Results 1935 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 21, 2010. 
  11. ^ "Little Bow Official Results 1940 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 21, 2010. 
  12. ^ "Little Bow Official Results 1944 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 21, 2010. 
  13. ^ "Little Bow Official Results 1948 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 21, 2010. 
  14. ^ "Little Bow Official Results 1952 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 21, 2010. 
  15. ^ "Little Bow Official Results 1955 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 21, 2010. 
  16. ^ "Little Bow Official Results 1959 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 21, 2010. 
  17. ^ "Little Bow Official Results 1963 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 21, 2010. 
  18. ^ "Little Bow Official Results 1967 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 21, 2010. 
  19. ^ "Little Bow Official Results 1971 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 21, 2010. 
  20. ^ "Little Bow Official Results 1975 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 21, 2010. 
  21. ^ "Little Bow Official Results 1979 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 21, 2010. 
  22. ^ "Little Bow Official Results 1982 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 21, 2010. 
  23. ^ "Little Bow Official Results 1986 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 21, 2010. 
  24. ^ "Little Bow Official Results 1989 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 21, 2010. 
  25. ^ "Little Bow by-election official results". Elections Alberta. March 5, 1992. Retrieved February 6, 2012. 
  26. ^ "Little Bow Official Results 1993 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 21, 2010. 
  27. ^ "1997 General Election". Elections Alberta. Retrieved January 26, 2012. 
  28. ^ "Little Bow Official Results 2001 Alberta general election" (PDF). Elections Alberta. Retrieved March 27, 2010. 
  29. ^ "Little Bow Statement of Official Results 2004 Alberta general election". Elections Alberta. Retrieved March 7, 2012. 
  30. ^ The Report on the March 3, 2008 Provincial General Election of the Twenty-seventh Legislative Assembly. Elections Alberta. July 28, 2008. pp. 476–481. 
  31. ^ "Senate Nominee Election 2004 Tabulation of Official Results". Elections Alberta. March 1, 2010. 
  32. ^ "School by School results". Student Vote Canada. Retrieved 2008-04-27. [dead link]
  33. ^ "Riding by Riding Results - the Candidates". Student Vote Canada. Retrieved 2008-04-19. [dead link]
  34. ^ a b c d Alberta Gazette 53 (December 31 ed.). Government of Alberta. 1957. pp. 2,247–2,249. 
  35. ^ "Albertans Vote 2 to 1 For More Liquor Outlets". Vol L No 273 (The Lethbridge Herald). October 31, 1957. pp. 1–2. 
  36. ^ "No Sudden Change In Alberta Drinking Habits Is Seen". Vol L No 267 (The Lethbridge Herald). October 24, 1957. p. 1. 
  37. ^ "Entirely New Act On Liquor". Vol LI No 72 (The Lethbridge Herald). March 5, 1958. p. 1. 
  38. ^ "Bill 81". Alberta Bills 12th Legislature 1st Session. Government of Alberta. 1958. p. 40. 

External links[edit]