Little Brother (Cory Doctorow novel)
|Subject(s)||Terrorism, cryptography, computer hackers, Department of Homeland Security, Libertarianism, privacy, police state|
|Genre(s)||Fiction / Cyberpunk|
|Publication date||April 29, 2008|
|LC Classification||PZ7.D66237 Lit 2008|
Little Brother is a novel by Cory Doctorow, published by Tor Books. It was released on April 23, 2007. The novel is about four teenagers in San Francisco who, in the aftermath of a terrorist attack on the San Francisco – Oakland Bay Bridge and BART system, defend themselves against the Department of Homeland Security's attacks on the Bill of Rights. The novel is available for free on the author's website under a Creative Commons license, keeping it accessible to all.
The book debuted at No. 9 on the New York Times Bestseller List, children's chapter book section, in May 2008. As of July 2, it had spent a total of six weeks on the list, rising to the No. 8 spot. Little Brother won the 2009 White Pine Award, the 2009 Prometheus Award. and the 2009 John W. Campbell Memorial Award. It also was a finalist for the Hugo Award for Best Novel. The New York Times says, “Little Brother isn't shy about its intent to disseminate subversive ideas to a young audience. The novel comes with two essays, plus a bibliography of techno-countercultural writings, from “On the Road” to Bruce Schneier’s “Applied Cryptography.”
- Marcus Yallow – Main protagonist, a 17-year-old high school student who enjoys understanding technology and building his own custom devices. He is the leader of his foursome of friends.
- Darryl Glover – Marcus' best friend who attends the same high school as Marcus and is Marcus' second-in-command and the "details man" of the group. He has had a crush on Van for years.
- Vanessa Pak (Van) – 17-year-old North Korean girl who attends a nearby all-girls Catholic school, she is the "ideas" person of the group. She has had a thing for Marcus for a long time, but doesn't admit it until the end of the book. Her parents managed to escape from North Korea.
- Jose Luis Torrez (Jolu) – A brilliant high school student at a nearby Catholic school, he is the technical member of the group. Even though everyone in the group is very tech savvy, he is the most technology-oriented, doing his own programming, and working for a local ISP. He is somewhat vain and seems to work at being cool.
- Drew Yallow – Marcus' father who has a stormy relationship with Marcus through most of the book. He was so scared by the thought of Marcus having died during the bombing, because Marcus was missing for three days, that he supports the tactics DHS employs. This leads to many arguments with Marcus despite his former mindset that was similar to Marcus'.
- Lillian Yallow – Marcus' mother, British ex-national, who helps newly immigrated Britons integrate into American life. She and Marcus have a strong bond and seem to think alike. She is a strong woman and helps mediate Marcus and his father's fights.
- Charles Walker – Also a student at the same high school as Marcus and Darryl, he is the antithesis of Marcus. He is a bully, a brown noser and a narc for the authorities. He and Marcus have a long standing feud and detest each other.
- Carrie Johnstone – Main antagonist and in charge of the DHS that is monitoring San Francisco. She is a cold sadistic woman to whom the ends always justify the means and enjoys abusing her power. She is mainly known as "Severe Haircut Lady" throughout most of the novel.
- Angela Carvelli (Ange) – She attends the same high school as Van and develops into Marcus' love interest, when she first meets him at a party. She is an active member of the Xnet and is very strong-willed, independent, and sexual. She's known to use pepper spray as a condiment.
- Ms. Galvez – A social studies teacher at Cesar Chavez High School, she is seen as a dedicated teacher and an independent thinker. She seems to be the only teacher that Marcus respects at his school. She tends to agree with Marcus on topics of security and Marcus helps her with contacting her brother, who's an overseas soldier, via internet.
- Barbara Stratford – Investigative reporter for the Bay Guardian, who helps Marcus expose what the DHS has been doing.
- Masha – A DHS operative who attempts to help Marcus escape the city. Marcus meets her briefly in the beginning of the novel when she threatens to expose him for skipping school while ARGing. He also meets up with Masha in the end in the midst of their escape, he finds a photo of his friend Darryl and his position on running away is changed. Therefore he escapes from Masha after beating her up and smashing her fingers in a truck.
- Zeb – A former detainee of DHS's "Gitmo-by-the-Bay", he manages to escape and attempts to disappear after contacting Marcus about Darryl and the current status of the prison.
Marcus Yallow is a 17 year old hacker/techno whiz from future San Francisco. One day at his high school named after Cesar Chavez, Marcus is accused of hacking into the school by vice principal Frederick Benson. Marcus and Benson do not not get along and Marcus believes that Benson is constantly trying to get rid of him. Marcus is let go due to lack of evidence and he returns to class.
Later that day, Marcus and his best friend Darryl escape school to play a massive online role playing game that also involves real life quests. They meet up with fellow group members and game players Vanessa and Jolu. While searching for a part for the game, a series of explosions go off in the city. This sets off sirens and alarms which sends everybody running for the shelters. The group initially tries to go to the shelter but then they decide to leave. While leaving, Darryl is stabbed in the crowd. They finally escape the crowd and flag down a vehicle because Darryl needs immediate medical attention. Three men get out of the military style vehicle and put bags over each group members' head and then shove them into the vehicle.
Marcus and his friends arrive at an unknown location and are put into a trailer where they are separated and are amongst many other people. They find out that they're being held by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to be interrogated for suspicions of being connected to the terrorist attack. After a series of interrogations that take place over a period of six days, Marcus, Jolu, and Vanessa are finally released. Darryl's whereabouts are unknown. The DHS tells Marcus that they will be monitoring his actions and moves because he is still a suspect. Marcus is "infuriated at how is civil rights [are] ignored."
Marcus revolts by setting up technological attacks on the DHS in order "to [thwart] further efforts to restrict personal liberty.  Marcus also sets up a network primarily composed of teenage members using a game console so they can communicate freely while fighting "the surveillance state." This causes a "war" between revolting youth and the Department of Homeland Security.
When a former prisoner that was held by the DHS tells Marcus that Darryl is still alive, he tells a reporter and his family about his actions taken against the DHS. The report from the reporter is then published and the DHS takes Marcus into custody again. During a waterboarding interrogation, highway patrol troopers raid the DHS compound because of an order from the governor and arrest the DHS agents. Darryl is subsequently freed and Marcus returns to his life the way it was before the terrorist attacks.
Little Brother has major themes that according to some are too serious for a YA novel. In an interview, the Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy asked Doctorow about his "potentially heavy themes, including paranoia, loyalty, sex, torture, [and] fear" and whether his editing staff asked to censor the themes. He replied, "Oh, no."
According to journalist April Spisak's article on "What Makes a Good Young Adult Dystopian Novel?" Spisak claims, "Cory Doctorow’s Little Brother probably represents the purest example on the list—modern technology meets classic dystopic elements—even while the book itself is part instructional guide, part love story, and part rant at the increasingly dictatorial powers that be that consider safety at any cost a reasonable exchange. Small personal victories for the protagonist and his friends are present, but the power of Big Brother is hardly tempered by their work, and the folks who tangled with the government are all permanently scarred by the encounter."
The book as also been stated as "[expressing] astonishment, fear, uncertainty, shame, and guilt" and shows "issues of political authority, social order, individual freedom and electronic security."
Cindy Dobrez in her review for Booklist said that "Doctorow’s novel blurs the lines between current and potential technologies, and readers will delight in the details of how Marcus attempts to stage a techno-revolution. Obvious parallels to Orwellian warnings and post-9/11 policies, such as the Patriot Act, will provide opportunity for classroom discussion and raise questions about our enthusiasm for technology, who monitors our school library collections, and how we contribute to our own lack of privacy." Kirkus Reviews described it as an "unapologetically didactic tribute to 1984", and that it was a "terrifying glimpse of the future-- [sic]or the present." Publishers Weekly said that it was "filled with sharp dialogue and detailed descriptions of how to counteract gait-recognition cameras, RFID's (radio frequency ID tags), wireless Internet tracers and other surveillance devices, this work makes its admittedly didactic point within a tautly crafted fictional framework." Institute of Public Affairs says that "Doctorow, like many freedom-fighting writers before him likes his women smart and strong. Male or female, freedom-loving writers tend to like writing strong female characters, often protagonists."
Charlie Jane Anders of io9 praises the Little Brother play: "I was lucky enough to catch a preview performance of the Custom Made Theatre Co.'s new stage adaptation of Cory Doctorow's award-winning novel Little Brother the other day—and it was a total marvel. Somehow, writer/director Josh Costello managed to condense the novel down to a two-hour play, without losing any of the impact. If anything, the staged version hits a bit harder than the book, because of the intense, but not overstated, performances."
According to "TheatreStorm" "Costello has wisely tightened Doctorow’s book to three main characters. On a nearly empty stage, Costello utilizes video and sound effects superbly, creating multiple San Francisco locations, mass demonstrations, press conferences, online experiences and coaching his actors to create multiple characterizations as necessary. This is the best kind of political theatre. Thought provoking, suspenseful, emotionally real, uncomfortably close to the hard truth." 
Little Brother has received the Sunburst Award in the young adult category.
In early 2012 it was announced that the novel Little Brother written by Cory Doctorow will be made into a play directed by Josh Costello called Little Brother. The play is augmented with animated video projections, an original score by Chris Houston and original choreography by Daunielle Rasmussen. The play is said to be a cut and altered version of the book. 
The novel has also been the subject of a possible movie. The production company AngryFilms has optioned Little Brother "with the aim of translating it to the big screen."
Each chapter of the e-book edition of Little Brother is dedicated to a different bookstore: Bakka-Phoenix A Toronto Ontario Sci-Fi/Fantasy bookstore where Cory Doctorow used to be employed, Amazon.com, Borderlands Books, Barnes & Noble, Secret Headquarters, Powell's City of Books, Books of Wonder, Borders, Compass Books/Books Inc., Anderson's Bookshops, the university bookstore at the University of Washington, Forbidden Planet, Books-A-Million, Mysterious Galaxy, Chapters/Indigo Books, Booksmith, Waterstone's, Sophia Books, MIT Press Bookshop, The Tattered Cover, Pages Books, and Hudson Booksellers.
On June 20, 2012, Doctorow posted the cover art of the sequel to Little Brother, titled Homeland and had also posted that a manuscript was turned into Tor Books. An excerpt was posted for viewing on the publisher's website on July 19, 2012, featuring the opening part of the story taking place at the Burning Man festival. Homeland was released in hardback February 5, 2013.
- Doctorow, Cory. Little Brother. New York: Tor Teen, 2008
- Doctorow, Cory. "Little Brother > Download Free". Retrieved 2008-08-11.
- Children’s Books – New York Times, May 5, 2008.
- Children’s Books – New York Times, July 6, 2008.
- "White Pine Award list of winners". Retrieved 2009-07-08.
- "Prometheus Award Press Releases". Retrieved 2009-07-08.
- "AnticipationSF Hugo Finalist list". Retrieved 2009-07-08.
- Grossman, Austin (September 14, 2008). "Nerd Activists". The New York Times.
- Palmer, Jean. "Doctorow, Cory, Little Brother". Kliatt. Retrieved 16 May 2013.
- Hunt, Jonathan (July-August 2008 2008). "Cory Doctorow: Little Brother". The Horn Book Magazine. 4 84: 441. Retrieved 16 May 2013.
- "Doctorow, Cory: LITTLE BROTHER". Kirkus Reviews. 1 April 2008. Retrieved 16 May 2013.
- Bernick, Bernick, Steele, Philip, Galen, Rhonda (February 2010). "Little Brother (Book Review)". Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy (Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy) 53 (5): 433. Retrieved 9 March 2011.
- Kit, Borys (23 March 2010). "Making George Orwell proud: Angryfilms options Doctorow's tale of social activism 'Little Brother'". Hollywood Reporter (Student Edition). pp. 5–6. Retrieved 9 March 2011.
- Chang, Edie (15 February 2009). "Little Brother". Booklist. 12 105: 100. Retrieved 16 May 2013.
- Degen, John (September-October 2008). "Little lessons: Cory Doctorow's 1984 homage is too cool for school". This Magazine. 2 42: 43. Retrieved 5 May 2013.
- Chipman, Ian (15 May 2009). "Core Collection: dystopian fiction for youth". Booklist. 18 105: 50. Retrieved 16 May 2013.
- Dobrez, Cindy (1 April 2008). "Little Brother". Booklist. 15 104: 48. Retrieved 16 May 2013.
- Dobrez, Cindy (April 1, 2008). "Little Brother". Booklist 104 (15): 48. ISSN 00067385.
- "LITTLE BROTHER". Kirkus Reviews 76 (7): 355. April 1, 2008. ISSN 00426598.
- "Little Brother". Publishers Weekly 255 (15): 55. April 14, 2008. ISSN 0000-0019.
- http://www.custommade.org/2012/02/02/marin-independent-says-little-brother-is-required-watching/ The Custom Made Theatre Co.
- "Awards and Announcements". Resource Links. Retrieved 16 May 2013.
- Kit, Borys. "Making George Orwell proud: AngryFilms options Doctorow's tale of social activism 'Little Brother'". Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 16 May 2013.
- Bethune, Brian (5 May 2008). "Scourge of the corporate pirates: the artist's enemy is obscurity, not piracy, says novelist and Web activist Cory Doctorow". Maclean's. 17 121: 57. Retrieved 16 May 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Little Brother illustrations|
- Official Book Page on Cory Doctorow's website
- A Little Brother related article by Cory Doctorow: Security Literacy: teaching kids to think critically about security
- eMusic Q&A: Cory Doctorow about Little Brother
- Audio review and discussion of Little Brother at The Science Fiction Book Review Podcast
- Little Brother cover art gallery at Upcoming4.me
- Analysis of Little Brother on Lit React