Little Canada, Minnesota
|Little Canada, Minnesota|
within Ramsey County, Minnesota
|• Total||4.48 sq mi (11.60 km2)|
|• Land||3.89 sq mi (10.08 km2)|
|• Water||0.59 sq mi (1.53 km2)|
|Elevation||912 ft (278 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||10,008|
|• Density||2,512.3/sq mi (970.0/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|ZIP codes||55109, 55117|
|GNIS feature ID||0646773|
In 1844, French Canadian settler Benjamin Gervais moved north from Saint Paul to claim land in order to build the first grist mill in Minnesota that was independent from the government. Today, the large lake on the east side of Little Canada bears his name (Lake Gervais). The grist mill was converted into a park, which is recognized as the birthplace of the city. Little Canada began as the township of New Canada in 1858. In the 1950s the township was threatened by the suburban sprawl of the ensuing larger communities that were formed, such as Maplewood. In 1953, the city leaders came together and established the village of Little Canada. It became a city in 1974.
Little Canada's police department received media attention in January 2013 after they apparently illegally confiscated a video camera that was being used to record public police activities. They later charged the individual with two misdemeanors for allegedly violating the federal Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPPA), a charge that at least one expert concluded was "nonsense." Little Canada does not have a police department. The controversy involved the Ramsey County sheriff's office.
The city is not shy about its Canadian heritage. For instance, its official symbol is an initial LC on a white fleur-de-lis with a red Maple Leaf background, and the Flag of Canada is displayed in council chambers.
Interstate Highway 35E, Interstate Highway 694, and Minnesota Highway 36 are three of the main routes in the city. Nearby places include Maplewood, Roseville, Shoreview, Vadnais Heights, White Bear Lake, and Saint Paul.
As of the census of 2010, there were 9,773 people, 4,393 households, and 2,361 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,512.3 inhabitants per square mile (970.0 /km2). There were 4,689 housing units at an average density of 1,205.4 per square mile (465.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 74.6% White, 6.6% African American, 0.5% Native American, 13.1% Asian, 2.7% from other races, and 2.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.8% of the population.
There were 4,393 households of which 24.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.7% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 46.3% were non-families. 37.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.96.
The median age in the city was 39.7 years. 19.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.4% were from 25 to 44; 29.3% were from 45 to 64; and 14.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.8% male and 52.2% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 9,771 people, 4,375 households, and 2,393 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,445.8 people per square mile (943.2/km²). There were 4,471 housing units at an average density of 1,119.1 per square mile (431.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 85.38% White, 4.20% African American, 0.58% Native American, 6.68% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.90% from other races, and 2.25% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.29% of the population.
There were 4,375 households out of which 26.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.6% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.3% were non-families. 36.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.96.
In the city the population was spread out with 22.1% under the age of 18, 11.0% from 18 to 24, 31.2% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 91.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $46,609, and the median income for a family was $61,082. Males had a median income of $41,205 versus $31,689 for females. The per capita income for the city was $25,624. About 4.6% of families and 5.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.2% of those under age 18 and 3.4% of those age 65 or over.
Bill Blesener is the mayor of Little Canada. He took up this position in 2005 after serving as a member on the Council for 9 non-consecutive years (1985–1992 and 2003–2004). The Council members are Barbara Allan who filled a vacancy in 2004, John Keis filled a vacancy in 2006 and served on the Planning Commission from 1991 to 2004, Rick Montour who joined the Council in 2001 after serving on the Planning Commission from 1996 to 2000, and Michael McGraw who was appointed by the mayor, Blesener, after overriding a 2:2 vote by the city council members. McGraw assumed his position after a previous council member died before he could assume office.
Little Canada is served mostly by the Roseville Area School District (ISD 623) with a small section of the city north of Interstate 694 served by the White Bear Lake School District. The two schools within city limits are Little Canada Elementary and Roseville Area Middle School.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 Census. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
- Scrivener, Lesile (2007-07-01 (Canada Day)), "O Little Canada, a home away from home", Toronto Star: A1
- United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved September 12, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Retrieved September 12, 2013.
- Little Canada, MN – Official Website
- The Review – Newspaper site
- Friends of Gervais Creek and Mill Pond – Park Volunteer Organization
- Ramsey County Historical Society