Little Dunmow

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Little Dunmow
GremlinCottage.jpg
Thatched cottage
Little Dunmow is located in Essex
Little Dunmow
Little Dunmow
 Little Dunmow shown within Essex
OS grid reference TL655215
District Uttlesford
Shire county Essex
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Dunmow
Police Essex
Fire Essex
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
List of places
UK
England
Essex

Coordinates: 51°51′59″N 0°24′17″E / 51.866316°N 0.404606°E / 51.866316; 0.404606

Little Dunmow is a village situated in rural Essex, England, in the vale of the River Chelmer about 3 miles (4.8 km) east-southeast of the town of Great Dunmow. It can be reached from the Dunmow South exit of the A120 by following the road towards Braintree (B1256) for 3.2 km before turning right for the village. The centre of the old village, which has just 99 dwellings, is a further 0.6 km along the road. The Flitch Way,[1] a linear country park along the route of the old Braintree to Bishop's Stortford railway, links Little Dunmow and the new settlement of Flitch Green. The new village, built on the site of a former sugar beet factory, is a self-contained community of 850 dwellings and is another kilometre along the road towards Felsted.

History[edit]

Feudal Barony[edit]

Little Dunmow formed the caput of a feudal barony the first holder of which was Ralph Baynard, as recorded by Domesday Book (1087).

Arms adopted by Robert FitzWalter I c.1200 at the start of the age of heraldry: Or, a fess gules between two chevrons of the last. This is a heraldic difference of the arms of de Clare, his cousins.

He was the builder of Baynard's Castle in the City of London and was followed by his son Geoffrey, whose son William rebelled against King Henry I (1100–1135) and thereby forfeited his lands. The barony was re-granted by the king to Robert FitzRichard (d.1134/6), younger son of Richard FitzGilbert de Clare (d.1091), feudal baron of Clare, Suffolk. He was succeeded by his son Walter I (d.1198) who was succeeded by his son Robert FitzWalter I (d.1235), founder of the family of FitzWalter, who left as heir a minor, his son Walter FitzWalter (1219–1258). Walter's son was Robert FitzWalter II (1247–1326). His son was Robert FitzWalter III (d.1328) who was succeeded by his son John FitzWalter (1315–1361).[2]

Foundation of Priory[edit]

The Parish Church was founded in 1104 by Lady Juga Baynard, wife of Ralph Baynard. After her death her son Geoffrey Baynard founded in 1106 an Augustinian priory dedicated to St Mary. One of its canons served as curate to the parish. The majority of the original structure has been lost but the Lady chapel survives and became the east end of the choir of the large and stately Little Dunmow Priory church, now the Parish Church. It retains the magnificent columns and beautiful Gothic windows as evidence of its former grandeur. The monastic buildings stood to the southwest of the church but, along with much of the Priory, were razed to the ground after the Dissolution of the Monasteries, when the priory site, with the manors of Little Dunmow and Clopton Hall, were granted to the patron of the priory, Robert Radcliffe, 1st Earl of Sussex.

Notable buildings[edit]

Little Dunmow Priory church

Many fine 14th, 15th, 16th and 17th-century buildings may still be found in the village, notably Priory Place (on the site of the old Priory), Brick House (beside the footpath to Barnston as it approaches the Chelmer valley), Ivy House (at the junction of The Street and Brook Street, Monks Hall (at the junction of The Street and Grange Lane) and Rose Farm (At the Junction of Grange Lane and the Street). A number of thatched cottages are scattered around the village.[3]

Conservation Area The centre of Little Dunmow has a defined conservation area. In late 2013 Uttlesford District Council held a conservation area appraisal consultation. The .pdf file[4] that accompanied the appraisal is a concise source of information describing buildings of architectural and historic interest and their relationships within the village.

The Flitch Trials[edit]

The Flitch Chair

Little Dunmow was the original home of the Flitch Trials which now take place in Great Dunmow every four years. The ancient Flitch of bacon custom rewarded a couple who had been married in church and remained 'unregreted' for a year and a day, with a flitch of bacon. The claimants had to swear an oath kneeling on two sharp pointed stones in the churchyard. They were then carried through the village to be acclaimed. In later years they were carried in the Flitch Chair, thought to be made from pew ends from the Priory Church. The original kneeling stones and 15C Flitch chair can still be seen within the church.[5]

The last recorded Priory trial was held in 1751 but the custom was revived in Victorian times following the 1854 publication of the novel "The flitch of bacon" by William Harrison Ainsworth

Flitch Green[edit]

As of December 2008, the Parish of Little Dunmow had an electoral population of 1459 divided between the old village (259) and the newer development of Flitch Green (1200).[6]

Flitch Green became a separate civil parish in April 2009 under an order made by the local authority, Uttlesford District Council, but retains Little Dunmow as its postal address.[7]

"Chelmer Mead" Development Proposals[edit]

On 13 December 2007, in response to the Uttlesford Core Strategy preferred options consultation, developers Chater Homes announced a proposal to build 3,000 houses in an area provisionally dubbed "Chelmer Mead", which would have greatly expanded the 90-home settlement of Little Dunmow.

Opponents of the Chelmer Mead scheme expressed fears that it could link Little Dunmow with a number of surrounding settlements and erode the individual character of each.[8]

This proposal was shelved as according to the company's director Ian Chater, "The feedback we received was that this was too big so we have now reduced it substantially."[9]

Chater Homes put forward a substitute proposal for 750 homes to meet the changing requirements in a further Core Strategy consultation, but it had not as of October 2010 gained sufficient local support. The September 2010 statement from Uttlesford District Council notes in para 32 that "the District Council can determine how much local growth to accommodate" and in para 33 that "There is no obvious focus for growth in the district".[10] In common with most developers, both Chater Homes proposals were submitted on the last day of the consultation process and hence were unavailable for detailed comment.[11]

In August 2013 Chater Homes requested a Scoping Agreement regarding a new 750 home proposed development in the same general area as earlier failed planning applications.The District Council responded on 12 September 2013[12] It is notable that Little Dunmow has never featured as suitable for large developments in the Council's regularly updated Strategic Housing Land Availability Assessment.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Essex country parks, countryside day out, visitparks.co.uk, Great Notley and the Flitch Way". Visitparks.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-06-29. 
  2. ^ Sanders, I.J. English Baronies, Oxford, 1960, "Probable Baronies, Little Dunmow", pp.129-130
  3. ^ 'Houses of Austin canons: Priory of Little Dunmow', A History of the County of Essex: Volume 2 (1907), pp. 150-54. [1]
  4. ^ [2]
  5. ^ "Welcome to the official Dunmow Flitch Trials website". Dunmowflitchtrials.co.uk. 2012-07-14. Retrieved 2013-06-29. 
  6. ^ Uttlesford District Council Register of Electors dated 1 December 2008
  7. ^ Bulletin of changes to local authority arrangements, areas and names in England: Orders and changes made by the Government and Councils between 1 April 2008 and 31 March 2009, Department for Communities and Local Government, November 2009, p. 12, ISBN 978-1-4098-2010-9, retrieved 2009-12-25 
  8. ^ Dunmow Broadcast news article on 3,000 house proposal in Little Dunmow/Chelmer Mead "Protesters fight 3000 homes plan". Retrieved 2008-12-21. 
  9. ^ "Essex village faces a new battle over housing - News". Dunmow Broadcast. 2010-03-18. Retrieved 2013-06-29. 
  10. ^ "Uttlesford District Council". Uttlesford.gov.uk. Retrieved 2013-06-29. 
  11. ^ http://consultation.limehouse.co.uk/representation.do?identifier=uttlesford&action=list&page=1&draftId=23&contentId=task_644_ID_192
  12. ^ [3]

See also[edit]

The Hundred Parishes

External links[edit]

Media related to Little Dunmow at Wikimedia Commons