Little Hell Gate
The Triborough Bridge opened in 1936, allowing easy access to Wards and Randall's islands. This spurred the conversion of both islands to parkland. Soon thereafter, the city began filling in the passage between the two, to expand and connect the two parks.
Few traces of Little Hell Gate still exist. Only indentations in the shoreline of the joined island in the East River indicate the former entrances to the waterway. Today, parkland and part of the New York City Fire Department Academy occupy its former location.
Little Hell Gate Bridge
Two bridges appear to have been known as Little Hell Gate Bridge: an early 20th-century rail bridge on the approach to Hell Gate Bridge, and a later, lower, steel arch road bridge across Little Hell Gate.
The northern approach viaduct to Hell Gate Bridge included an inverted bowstring truss bridge, with four 300-foot (91 m) long spans, across Little Hell Gate. Although Little Hell Gate has been filled this bridge still exists (location: ; 2007 photo: ).
Some time after the rail bridge was built a 1,000-foot (300 m) long, 3 span, steel arch road bridge, designed by George Washington Bridge-engineer Othmar Ammann, was also built across Little Hell Gate, just a short distance to the north west of the rail bridge (approximate location of the road bridge).
This bridge was rendered obsolete when the Little Hell Gate was filled, and a service road was built alongside the deteriorating bridge. Efforts were made in the mid-1990s to preserve the bridge in the face of plans by the New York City Department of Transportation to demolish it. They were unsuccessful.
- United States Geological Survey (1900). New York-New Jersey Harlem Quadrangle (Map). 1:62,500. 15 Minute Series (Topographic). Section SW. http://docs.unh.edu/nhtopos/Harlem.htm. Retrieved 2010-02-13.
- Reier, Sharon (2000). The Bridges of New York. Mineola, NY: Dover Publications. p. 62. ISBN 0-486-41230-X.
- "Parks and Transportation Departments Debate Future of Former Link Between Randalls and Wards Islands". New York Times. 1995-04-16. Retrieved 2010-02-13.
- Hell Gate at NYCroads.com
- Map from 1885 showing Little Hell Gate
- Hell Gate Bridge at WiredNewYork.com
- Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) No. NY-314, "Little Hell Gate Bridge, Connecting Randalls & Wards Islands, New York, New York County, NY", 9 photos, 1 photo caption page