Little Hulton

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Little Hulton
Little Hulton - geograph.org.uk - 112903.jpg
Little Hulton
Little Hulton is located in Greater Manchester
Little Hulton
Little Hulton
 Little Hulton shown within Greater Manchester
Population 10,216 (2001 Census)
OS grid reference SD719037
   – London  170 miles (274 km) SE 
Metropolitan borough Salford
Metropolitan county Greater Manchester
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town MANCHESTER
Postcode district M38
Dialling code 0161
Police Greater Manchester
Fire Greater Manchester
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Worsley and Eccles South
List of places
UK
England
Greater Manchester

Coordinates: 53°31′51″N 2°25′08″W / 53.530707°N 2.418801°W / 53.530707; -2.418801

Little Hulton is a suburban village in the City of Salford, in Greater Manchester, England.[1] It lies 3.4 miles (5.5 km) south of Bolton, 7 miles (11.3 km) west-northwest of Salford, and 9 miles (14.5 km) west-northwest of Manchester. Little Hulton is bordered by Farnworth to the north and Walkden to the east.[2]

According to the United Kingdom Census 2001, Little Hulton has a total resident population of 10,216.[3]

History[edit]

The ancient district of Hulton containing three townships, Over Hulton, Middle Hulton and Little Hulton, was recorded as Helghtun and Hulton in 1235, Hilton in 1278 and 1292, and Hulton in 1292, although Hilton was still used until the 17th century.[4][5] Historically Little Hulton was a village in the ancient Deane parish with a chapel, sometimes called Peel Chapel.[6] The chief manor was at Hulton Park in Over Hulton.[7]

Wharton was a subordinate manor that gave its name to the family living there. Later it was owned by the Asshetons of Great Lever and after that the Morts. It was sold to Bridgewater Collieries. Wharton Hall was a two-storey farmhouse built of brick, timber and plaster.[4]

In the 13th century Peel or Wicheves, another district in the township, was owned by the Hultons who sold it to the Tyldesleys. Later it was owned by Edmund Fleetwood of Rossall who sold it to the Morts. Joseph Yates of Manchester bought it in the 18th century and his descendants sold it to colliery owner, Ellis Fletcher of Clifton. Peel Hall was reputedly built in 1840 by Matthew Fletcher, from the designs of Sir Charles Barry. It stood on the site of an older stone-built hall which had a moat.[4] Peel Hall became a sanatorium to treat tuberculosis and subsequently a geriatric hospital until it closed in 1990. It was sold to a development company for refurbishment but, despite being a Grade II listed building, was vandalised, became dangerous and was demolished in the mid-1990s.[8]

Kenyon Peel Hall, was owned by Alexander Rigby in 1600 and he gave it to his son George. It passed to Roger Kenyon of Parkhead through marriage. It was a large timber, stone and brick house which was built in the late 16th century and enlarged in 1617. The house was demolished and the site is occupied by a modern housing estate.[9] Kenyon Peel Hall was about a quarter of a mile south of the ancient highway from Manchester to Bolton.[4]

Coal mining and weaving were the major occupations in the mid 19th century.[6]

In 1870 the London and North Western Railway opened a line from Roe Green on the Eccles, Tyldesley and Wigan Railway to serve collieries at Little Hulton and in 1874 an extension to Bolton was opened with passenger services commencing in 1875. The line closed in 1965[10] and is now an urban cycleway. A ten feet wide Roman road was found when the railway was being cut.

Coal mining and Cutacre[edit]

Little Hulton was extensively mined from the mid-19th century. Its collieries included Madam's Wood Pits, Brackley, Wharton Hall, Ashton's Field and Peel Hall and most were served by mineral railways. Mine spoil was deposited around the early collieries but in the 20th century the Cutacre tip developed in the valley of the Cutacre Clough and was the dumping ground for mine waste from Brackley and neighbouring Mosley Common Collieries.

The National Coal Board Central Workshops, commonly known as 'Walkden Yard', south of Walkden High Street, close to the Ellesmere Colliery, was partly in Little Hulton. The workshops were built in 1878 by the Bridgewater Collieries as a central works depot providing engineering services for its collieries and the locomotives used on its colliery railway system. It closed as a British Coal workshop in 1986 and is now the site of a housing estate.[11]

UK Coal was granted planning permission to surface mine 900,000 tonnes of coal and rework the Cutacre spoil tip in 2001. The operation was expected to last for four years and began in 2006. The restoration scheme was expected to create more than 250 acres (100 ha) of amenity woodland and wetlands and an area for industrial development.[12] UK Coal and Bolton Council promoted the Middle Hulton portion of Cutacre through the Local Development Framework process and identified it as a key strategic site for development. After operations finished in 2011, the site was restored and landscaped to create an industrial estate covering 212 acres (86 ha) and 580 acres (230 ha) of recreational land.[13]

20th century[edit]

Before 1949 Little Hulton was a village of around 8,000 people. The land was developed into council housing overspill estates by Worsley Urban District Council to accommodate residents moved there from post-war slum clearance areas. By the end of 1956 over a thousand families had moved to the overspill estate being built at Little Hulton and by 1962 3,060 houses had been built.[14] Little Hulton aimed to create a suburb that would improve the standard of living and create private space, greenspace and a sense of community for the new residents.

Governance[edit]

Historically in the hundred of Salford in the county of Lancashire, until the 19th century, Little Hulton was a township and chapelry in the ecclesiastical parish of Deane.[1][15] In 1837 Little Hulton along with neighbouring townships (or civil parishes) became part of the Bolton Poor Law Union which took responsibility for the administration and funding of the Poor Law in that area.[16] In 1872 a Local Board of Health was established for the township,[1] and in 1894 Little Hulton Urban District was created. It was abolished in 1933 and merged into Worsley Urban District[17]

Since 1974 Little Hulton has been an electoral ward of the City of Salford. Since 2009 all three councillors for the ward have represented the Labour Party.[18]

Little Hulton's MP was Barbara Keeley who won the Worsley parliamentary seat for Labour at the 2005 General Election.[19]

Geography[edit]

Further information: Geography of Greater Manchester

Little Hulton is the most easterly of the Hulton townships, it covers an area of 1,707 acres (691 ha) rising from 200 feet (61 m) in the south east to 380 feet (120 m) in the north west. The main Manchester to Chorley road, the A6, crosses the town.[4] Much of the area was pasture and meadow on good soil. Sandstone was quarried at Peel Quarry and the underlying rocks are the coal measures of the Manchester Coalfield.[7]

Demography[edit]

Population change[edit]

Population growth in Little Hulton from 1881 to 1951
Year 1881 1891 1901 1911 1921 1931 1951
Population 5,714 6,693 7,294 8,103 7,910 7,874 9,997

Little Hulton Ch/CP [20]

Education[edit]

Further information: List of schools in Salford
School Type Ofsted Website
Bridgewater Primary School Primary school 105912 website
Dukesgate Primary School Primary school 105920
Peel Hall Primary School Primary school 105913 website
St Edmund's R.C. Primary School Primary school 105958
Wharton Primary School Primary school 105897

Religion[edit]

St Paul's Church, consecrated in December 1876

The old Wharton Chapel had its origins in the Act of Uniformity 1662 which led to the Great Ejection of clergy. Reverend James Wood (the elder) was ejected from Atherton Chapel but continued to hold services in private houses, including that of the Mort family at Wharton Hall.[4] A Presbyterian church was rebuilt in 1723 and after 1755 used by different denominations until it was restored to the Presbyterians in 1860. A new church was built in 1901.[21]

Peel Chapel, built by the Yates family, was consecrated in 1760 as a chapelry in the Parish of Deane. It stood immediately north of the new church, above the vaults of the Kenyon and Fletcher families. In March 1874 Peel became a parish and the foundation stone for St Paul's Church was laid by Lord Kenyon in August 1874. The church, built in sandstone from Peel Quarry, was consecrated in December 1876. Its spire was built in 1898 and is 165 feet (50 m) high.[6][22][23] The church is a Grade II listed building.[24] A window made of painted and fired porcelain over the font at St Paul's is from the old Peel Chapel.[25]

The Roman Catholic parish of St Edmunds comprises St Edmund's Church built in 1899 and Our Lady and Lancashire Martyrs built in 1959. St Joseph's Church closed on 24 October 2010.[26]

Several chapels were built for Methodist congregations[27] including a Wesleyan Methodist church opened in 1878 at a cost of £700.[28] Other places of worship include the Gospel Hall, a Redeemed Christian Church of God, a United Reformed Church and Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses.[29]

Sport and organisations[edit]

Little Hulton Cricket and Bowling Club at the Old Vicarage is affiliated to theBolton and District Cricket Association.[30] Little Hulton Reds Amateur Rugby League Football Club is based at Peel Park.[31]

The Air Cadet Organisation's 1099 (Worsley) Squadron, Air Training Corps meets at Highfield Road.[32]

Little Hulton and Walkden Community Committee meets bi-monthly and works with Salford City Council and produces an annual action plan to improve the quality of life and provide activities.[33] The library is on Longshaw Drive.[34]

Public services[edit]

Little Hulton is policed by the Greater Manchester Police force from Little Hulton Police Station.[35] The statutory emergency fire and rescue service is provided by the Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service, from fire stations in Salford, Broughton, Agecroft in Pendlebury, Eccles and Irlam.[36] Hospital services are provided by the Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trust, which provides an Accident and Emergency service at Salford Royal.[37]

Waste management is co-ordinated by Greater Manchester Waste Disposal Authority.[38] Little Hulton's Distribution Network Operator for electricity is Electricity North West.[39] United Utilities manage Little Hulton's drinking and waste water.[40]

Notable people[edit]

Further information: List of people from Salford

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Greater Manchester Gazetteer, Greater Manchester County Record Office, archived from the original on 18 July 2011, retrieved 6 March 2010 
  2. ^ Little Hulton Parish Map, genuki.org.uk, retrieved 28 November 2009 
  3. ^ Neighbourhood Statistics - Little Hulton (Ward). URL accessed 18 May 2007.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Farrer, William; Brownbill, J, eds. (1911), "Little, Middle and Over Hulton", A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 5 (British History Online): 25–34, retrieved 27 November 2009 
  5. ^ Deane Map, british-history.ac.uk, retrieved 1 July 2010 
  6. ^ a b c St Paul, genuki.org, retrieved 27 November 2009 
  7. ^ a b Lewis, Samuel (1848), "Hulton", A Topographical Dictionary of England (British History Online): 580–583, retrieved 17 December 2009 
  8. ^ Peel Hall, mortfamily.net, retrieved 19 December 2009 
  9. ^ Kenyon Peel Hall, pastscape, retrieved 19 December 2009 
  10. ^ Railway, pastscape, retrieved 19 December 2009 
  11. ^ Sweeney 1997, p. 361
  12. ^ Cutacre, salford.gov.uk, retrieved 19 December 2009 
  13. ^ Race again time to restore Cutacre site, The Bolton News, retrieved 9 March 2013 
  14. ^ Manchester Evening News Syndication 2008, p. 12
  15. ^ Parish Map, genuki.org, retrieved 16 January 2010 
  16. ^ BoltonPLU, workhouses.org.uk, retrieved 28 November 2009 
  17. ^ Great Britain Historical GIS Project (2004), "Little Hulton UD through time. Census tables with data for the Local Government District", A vision of Britain through time (University of Portsmouth), retrieved 28 November 2009 
  18. ^ Ward, salford.gov.uk, retrieved 29 November 2009 
  19. ^ Member of Parliament, barbarakeeley.co.uk, retrieved 29 December 2009 
  20. ^ Great Britain Historical GIS Project (2004), "Little Hulton Ch/CP through time. Population Statistics. Total Population", A vision of Britain through time (University of Portsmouth), retrieved 28 November 2009 
  21. ^ Wharton Lane Presbyterian, genuki.org, retrieved 9 December 2009 
  22. ^ St Paul, Peel, stpaulspeel.com, retrieved 5 January 2013 
  23. ^ The Church of St Paul, Little Hulton in the County of Lancashire, Lancashire OnLine Parish Clerks, retrieved 5 January 2013 
  24. ^ Historic England. "Church of St. Paul (1163015)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 December 2012. 
  25. ^ Little Hulton, Greater Manchester, The Churches of Britain and Ireland, retrieved 3 December 2012 
  26. ^ St Edmund's Parish - History, salforddiocese.org.uk, retrieved 10 January 2013 
  27. ^ Little Hulton, Gen UKI, retrieved 10 January 2013 
  28. ^ Cleggs Lane Methodist Church, Little Hulton, Lancashire OnLine Parish Clerks, retrieved 10 January 2013 
  29. ^ Parishes/churches within 3 miles of - SD723043, genuki.org, retrieved 10 January 2013 
  30. ^ Little Hulton Cricket & Bowling Club - About Us, Little Hulton C & B C, retrieved 10 January 2013 
  31. ^ Little Hulton Reds ARLFC, Little Hulton Reds ARLFC, retrieved 10 January 2013 
  32. ^ The 1099 (Worsley) Squadron, Air Training Corps, RAF ATC, retrieved 10 January 2013 
  33. ^ Little Hulton and Walkden, Salford City Council, retrieved 10 January 2013 
  34. ^ "Little Hulton Library". Salford City Council. 28 September 2012. Retrieved 13 January 2013. 
  35. ^ "Your Nearest Police Station" (PDF). Greater Manchester Police. Retrieved 13 January 2013. 
  36. ^ Salford Borough, Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue, retrieved 13 January 2013 
  37. ^ Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trust, Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trust, retrieved 13 January 2013 
  38. ^ Authorities, Association of Greater Manchester Authorities accessdate=13 January 2013 
  39. ^ Electricity Distribution Companies, nationalgrid.com/uk, retrieved 13 January 2013 
  40. ^ Check you're in our supply area, United Utilities, retrieved 13 January 2013 

Bibliography

  • Manchester Evening News Syndication (2008), Salford Past, At Heart Ltd, p. 12, ISBN 1-84547-165-2 
  • Sweeney, D.J. (1997), A Lancashire Triangle Part Two, Triangle Publishing, ISBN 0-9529333-2-2 

External links[edit]