Little Johnny Jones
|Little Johnny Jones|
|Music||George M. Cohan|
|Lyrics||George M. Cohan|
|Book||George M. Cohan|
1982 Broadway revival
Little Johnny Jones is a musical by George M. Cohan. The show introduced Cohan's tunes "Give My Regards to Broadway" and "The Yankee Doodle Boy." The "Yankee Doodle" character was inspired by real-life Hall of Fame jockey Tod Sloan.
The show was Cohan's first full-length musical. A famous American jockey, Tod Sloan, had gone to England in 1903 to ride in the Derby for King Edward VII of England. This gave Cohan the idea for the story. The musical is patriotic in tone and contains a number of quips aimed at European targets, such as, "You think I'd marry an heiress and live off her money? What do you take me for? An Englishman?" and, "French pastry ain't worth 30¢ compared to American apple pie." In Little Johnny Jones Cohan introduced some of the dance steps and comedy features for which he would become famous.
This musical is also credited as being the first American Musical, along "with The Black Crook, Evangeline, Show Boat, The Beggar's Opera, The Wizard of the Nile, or any number of other works." (The Black Crook (1866) is considered a prototype of the modern musical in that its popular songs and dances are interspersed throughout a unifying play and performed by the actors.)
A brash, patriotic American jockey, Johnny Jones, goes to England to ride his horse, Yankee Doodle, in the English Derby. Jones falls in love with Goldie Gates, a San Francisco copper heiress, who follows him to Britain, disguising herself as a man to discover if Jones really loves her. Anthony Anstey, an American who runs a Chinese gambling establishment in San Francisco, offers Jones a bribe to lose the race deliberately, but he refuses. After Jones loses, Anstey spreads rumors that he threw the race intentionally. Jones' detective, pretending to be a drunkard, searches for evidence to clear Johnny's name and finds out that it was Anstey that framed Jones. Jones tells his friends who are returning to America, "Give My Regards to Broadway," but he stays in London to try to regain his reputation. Jones returns to America with his name cleared, eager to propose marriage to Goldie, but he finds that Anstey has kidnapped her. He and his detective search for her in San Francisco's Chinatown, eventually finding her.
The musical was first tried out at the Parsons Theatre in Hartford, Connecticut in October 1904 and then opened on Broadway at the Liberty Theatre on November 7, 1904. The original production was produced by Sam H. Harris and directed by George M. Cohan who also performed as part of the cast with the other members of The Four Cohans (Cohan, his parents and sister). Ethel Levey, Cohan's wife, co-starred. Among the other performers were William Seymour and Donald Brian. The Broadway run of only 52 performances was followed by tours, during which some rewrites were made. It was revived twice in 1905 at the New York Theatre, playing successfully for over 200 performances through most of that year, and touring until the next Broadway revival in 1907 for a short run at the Academy of Music. The production was mounted with a huge cast.
Subsequent adaptations and productions
Little Johnny Jones was adapted twice for the motion pictures, first as a silent film released in 1924 by Warner Bros. First National followed this in 1929 with an early talkie musical version directed by Mervyn LeRoy, who played a bit part in the 1924 film. Eddie Buzzell, who co-wrote the screenplay with Adelaide Heilbron, played the title role. Only two of Cohan's original songs survived the transition to the screen ("Give My Regards To Broadway" and "Yankee Doodle Boy"). The five other tunes in the film's score were contributed by various other songwriters, mainly Herb Magidson and Michael H. Cleary.
David Cassidy starred in a touring revival in 1981. After previewing at Connecticut's Goodspeed Opera House and touring, a 1982 revival, adapted by Alfred Uhry, closed at the Alvin Theatre after only one performance. It starred Donny Osmond in the lead.
References In Popular Culture
- The Cecil in London - Jenkins
- They're All My Friends - Timothy D. McGee
- Mam'selle Fauchette - Goldie Gates
- 'Op in the 'Ansom - Cabbies and Reformers
- Nesting in a New York Tree - Florabelle Fly
- Yankee Doodle Boy - Johnny Jones
- Off to the Derby - Company
- Girls from the U.S.A. - Florabelle Fly
- Sailors of St. Hurrah - Sailors
- Captain of a Ten Day Boat - Captain Squirvy
- Goodbye Flo - Goldie Gates
- Good Old California - Henry Hapgood
- A Girl I Know - Johnny Jones and Goldie Gates
- Give My Regards to Broadway - Johnny Jones
- March of the Frisco Chinks - Company
- Life's a Funny Proposition - Johnny Jones
Notes and references
- Information about Cohan and the show
- Everett, William A. and Laird, Paul R. The Cambridge Companion to the Musical. Cambridge University Press, 2008. ISBN 0-521-86238-8. p. 3
- Sheridan, Morley. Spread A Little Happiness, New York: Thames and Hudson, 1987. p. 15
- Information about The Four Cohans, Levey and the show
- Information from the 1907 pamphlet
- IMDB page on the 1923 film
- Bradley, Edwin M. (1996). The First Hollywood Musicals: A Critical Filmography of 171 Features, 1927 Through 1932. McFarland & Company. pp. 86–87.
- Information about the David Cassidy 1981 touring revival
- Information about LOOM's production
- Cohan, George M. Twenty Years on Broadway. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1924.
- Gilbert, Douglas. American Vaudeville: Its Life and Times. New York: Dover Publications, 1963.
- Jones, John Bush. Our Musicals, Ourselves: A Social History of the American Musical Theatre. Lebanon, NH: Brandeis University Press, 2003. (pp. 15–23).
- McCabe, John. George M. Cohan: The Man Who Owned Broadway. New York: Doubleday & Co., 1973.
- Morehouse, Ward. George M. Cohan: Prince of the American Theater. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippencott, 1943.