Little Kanawha River

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Little Kanawha River
Little Kanawha River Parkersburg West Virginia.jpg
The Little Kanawha River just upstream of its mouth in Parkersburg
Origin Upshur County, West Virginia
Mouth Ohio River, Parkersburg, West Virginia
Basin countries United States
Length 169 mi (269 km)
Basin area 2,320 mi² (6,009 km²)
Littlekanawhamap.png
The Little Kanawha River in Glenville

The Little Kanawha River is a tributary of the Ohio River, 169 mi (269 km) long,[1] in western West Virginia in the United States. Via the Ohio, it is part of the watershed of the Mississippi River, draining an area of 2,320 mi² (6,009 km²)[2] on the unglaciated portion of the Allegheny Plateau. It served as an important commercial water route in the early history of West Virginia, particularly in the logging and petroleum industries.[1][3]

Course[edit]

The Little Kanawha rises in southern Upshur County, approximately 20 mi (32 km) south of Buckhannon. It follows a meandering course generally west-northwestwardly, through Lewis, Braxton, Gilmer, Calhoun, Wirt and Wood Counties, past the communities of Burnsville, Stouts Mills, Sand Fork, Glenville, Grantsville, Bigbend, Creston, Burning Springs, Palestine, Elizabeth, and Newark, to its mouth at the Ohio River in Parkersburg.[4]

About 3 mi (5 km) upstream of Burnsville,[5] a U.S. Army Corps of Engineers dam causes the river to form Burnsville Lake, which was completed in 1976 at a cost of $56.2 million.[6]

Tributaries[edit]

Along its course the Little Kanawha River collects the Right Fork Little Kanawha River on the boundary of Lewis and Braxton counties; Saltlick Creek and Oil Creek in Braxton County; Sand Fork, Cedar Creek and Leading Creek in Gilmer County; Steer Creek in Calhoun County; the West Fork Little Kanawha River, Spring Creek, Reedy Creek, and the Hughes River (its largest tributary)[1] in Wirt County; and Walker Creek, Tygart Creek, and Worthington Creek in Wood County.[4]

Additionally, a minor tributary near Grantsville is known as the Bull River; despite being named a "river," it is no larger than dozens of other small streams that flow into the Little Kanawha.[4]

Variant names[edit]

According to the Geographic Names Information System, the Little Kanawha River has also been known as:[7]

  • Fishing Creek
  • Little Canawha River
  • Little Canhawa River
  • Little Conaway River
  • Little Cunnaway River
  • Little Kanahaway River
  • Little Kanahwa River
  • Little Kanahway River
  • Little Kanawah River
  • Little Kanhaway River
  • Little Kanhawey River
  • Little Kawahwa River
  • Little Kenawah
  • Little Kenhawa
  • Little Kenhaway
  • Little Kennaway River
  • Nau-mis-sip-pia
  • Newmissipi
  • O-mom-go-how-ce-pe
  • O-nim-go-how

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Gilchrist-Stalnaker, Joy Gregoire. 2006. "Little Kanawha River." The West Virginia Encyclopedia. Ken Sullivan, editor. Charleston, WV: West Virginia Humanities Council. ISBN 0-9778498-0-5.
  2. ^ Willis, Todd C. (ed.) 1987. "Length of rivers and watershed areas in West Virginia." West Virginia Blue Book. Vol. 71.
  3. ^ "Little Kanawha once was vital transportation link," Parkersburg News & Sentinel website
  4. ^ a b c DeLorme (1997). West Virginia Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-246-3.
  5. ^ Burnsville Lake website, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
  6. ^ Hohmann, George. "Lock offered combination for growth." Charleston Daily Mail. 15 June 1999.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Little Kanawha River