Little London, Buckinghamshire

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Little London
Little London is located in Buckinghamshire
Little London
Little London
 Little London shown within Buckinghamshire
OS grid reference SP645123
District Aylesbury Vale
Shire county Buckinghamshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Aylesbury
Postcode district HP18
Dialling code 01844
Police Thames Valley
Fire Buckinghamshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Buckingham
Website Oakley Parish Council
List of places
UK
England
Buckinghamshire

Coordinates: 51°48′22″N 1°03′58″W / 51.806°N 1.066°W / 51.806; -1.066

Little London is a hamlet consisting of approximately 70 houses located immediately east of the village of Oakley in Buckinghamshire and about 5.5 miles (9 km) northwest of the market town of Thame in neighbouring Oxfordshire.

Little London Green is the largest area of common land in the parish of Oakley.

History[edit]

The earliest known records of Little London are from the 16th century. Little London is clearly visible on the New College, Oxford map of Bernwood Forest of 1590. Originally the boundary between Brill and Oakley followed the stream in Oakley, meaning that Oakley parish church, 'the Nap' and 'Little London Green' would have been in Little London.

Little London has several 17th century cottages.[1] A Congregational chapel was built there in 1847.[1]

In 1934 Buckinghamshire County Council revised parish council boundaries and made Little London part of Oakley.[citation needed] Until the 1960s the hamlet had its own shop.[citation needed]

Toponymy[edit]

The Toponymy (naming) of Little London is not clear. Some locals[vague] thought it was founded during the Black Death in the 14th century by Londoners fleeing the capital.[citation needed] The fact that the hamlet is one field distant from the rest of Oakley may support this theory.[citation needed]

Little London may have been established by Welsh cattle drovers. Cattle drovers established at least 70 communities established in England and Wales, many of which still exist. They were temporary homes for long distance drovers, driving their cattle to the great fairs and markets of London and other centres in England. They were on common land, separated from local communities. The drovers had a licence to travel, granted by Elizabeth I, and were regarded as "foreigners" by the local parishioners who could not travel without a "settlement certificate".[2] One of the Old English words for "foreigners" was utlenden ("outlanders"), which could be corrupted to "Little London".[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Page 1927, pp. 14–19.
  2. ^ "Little London". Llundainfach. C.J. Trimmer. Retrieved 22 October 2009. 
  3. ^ "The Origins of Little London". Llundainfach. C.J. Trimmer. Retrieved 24 January 2012. 

Sources[edit]