Little Marton Mill
|Little Marton Mill|
|Mill location||Blackpool, Lancashire|
|Grid reference||SD 349,341|
|Number of sails||Four|
Little Marton Mill is a 19th-century English tower windmill in Marton, now part of Blackpool, Lancashire. It was built in 1838 by John Hays for grinding corn, and worked until 1928. It has been designated a Grade II listed building by English Heritage.
History and assessment
Little Marton Mill was built in 1838 by millwright John Hays for John Whalley, on the site of a previous mill. It was once one of several gristmills in the area, and is the last remaining of perhaps four mills that once stood within the current boundaries of Blackpool. The hamlet of Little Marton was part of the township of Marton which, by the end of the 19th century, was incorporated into Blackpool and St Anne's-on-the-Sea. Marton had a watermill until the mid-18th century, and another wind-powered gristmill up to the late 19th century, both at Great Marton. Little Marton Mill was later worked by a miller named Cornelius Bagot. It stopped working in September 1928. Bagot restored the mill and in 1937 gave it to the Allen Clarke Memorial Fund as a memorial to local teacher, writer and windmill enthusiast C. Allen Clarke (1863–1935). The mill was extensively renovated in 1987 at a cost of £88,000.
Little Marton Mill is situated on a green, close to the M55 motorway and is a familiar landmark on this major route into the seaside resort. English Heritage designated the windmill a Grade II listed building on 20 October 1983. The Grade II designation—the lowest of the three grades—is for buildings that are "nationally important and of special interest".
Little Marton Mill is of a typical style for windmills built in the Fylde. On four storeys (including a basement), it has a circular plan and a broad base in proportion to its height. It is constructed of stuccoed, whitewashed brick. On the exterior wall there is a commemorative plaque to local writer Allen Clarke. The mill is entered through double doors (at basement level) to the east, and a single door to the west. There are square windows at the first, second and third storeys.
Typically for Fylde windmills, the cap (replaced in 1987) is boat-shaped. There are four sails and a fantail with eight blades. The machinery is incomplete as some of it is now at Lytham Windmill.
- Little Marton Mill, National Heritage List for England (English Heritage), retrieved 25 June 2011
- Dunkerley, Paul, Little Marton Mill, Engineering Timelines, retrieved 25 June 2011
- Lancashire County Council & Egerton Lea Consultancy (2005), p. 3
- Lancashire County Council & Egerton Lea Consultancy (2005), p. 25
- Farrer & Brownbill (1912), pp. 239–242
- Her Majesty's Stationery Office, p. 132
- Berry, Mark (25 May 2011). "Little Marton windmill, Lancashire". Windmill World. Retrieved 1 July 2011.
- Hartwell & Pevsner, p. 163
- Listed Buildings, National Heritage List for England (English Heritage), retrieved 13 June 2011
- Lancashire County Council and Egerton Lea Consultancy (April 2005), Blackpool Historic Town Assessment Report, Lancashire Historic Town Survey Programme (Lancashire County Council Environment Directorate), retrieved 25 October 2010
- Farrer, William; Brownbill, J., eds. (1912), Townships — Marton, A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 7 (Constable), OCLC 59626695
- Hartwell, Clare; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2009) . Lancashire: North. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-12667-0.
- Agriculture (Her Majesty's Stationery Office) 63, 1957, OCLC 1478576