Little Miami River

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Little Miami National Scenic River
Thislitmiriv.jpeg
Little Miami River at Milford, Ohio
Origin 39°49′39″N 83°34′36″W / 39.82750°N 83.57667°W / 39.82750; -83.57667 (Little Miami River source)[1]
S of Plattsburgh[2]
Clark County, Ohio
Mouth 39°04′41″N 84°25′59″W / 39.07806°N 84.43306°W / 39.07806; -84.43306 (Little Miami River mouth)Coordinates: 39°04′41″N 84°25′59″W / 39.07806°N 84.43306°W / 39.07806; -84.43306 (Little Miami River mouth)[1]
with the Ohio River
at California, Cincinnati
Hamilton County, Ohio
Basin countries United States
Length 111 mi (179 km)[3]
Source elevation 1,151 ft (351 m)[2]
Mouth elevation 446 ft (136 m)[1]
Avg. discharge 1,280 cu ft/s (36 m3/s)[4]
Basin area 1,757 sq mi (4,550 km2)[5]

The Little Miami River (Shawnee: Cakimiyamithiipi [6]) is a Class I tributary of the Ohio River that flows 111 miles (179 km)[3] through five counties in southwestern Ohio in the United States. The Little Miami joins the Ohio River east of Cincinnati. It forms parts of the borders between Hamilton and Clermont counties and between Hamilton and Warren counties. The Little Miami River is one of 156 American rivers designated by the U.S. Congress or the Secretary of the Interior as a National Wild and Scenic River and lends its name to the adjacent Little Miami Scenic Trail.

Hydrography[edit]

Watersheds of the Great Miami River (beige) and Little Miami River (yellow)

The Little Miami River is a tributary of the Ohio River. It is part of a watershed that drains a 1,757 square miles (4,550 km2) area in 11 southwestern Ohio counties: Clark, Montgomery, Madison, Greene, Warren, Butler, Clinton, Clermont, Brown, and Highland.[5] The river discharges on average 1,737 cubic feet per second (49.2 m3/s) into the Ohio River.[4] An average of 1,280 cubic feet per second (36 m3/s) flow through the river proper; after heavy rains, the river flow may rise to 84,100 cubic feet per second (2,380 m3/s).[7]

Tributaries of the Little Miami include Sugar Creek, the East Fork Little Miami, North Fork, Todd's Fork, Duck Creek, Caesar Creek, Massie Creek, and Turtle Creek. The river's main tributary, the East Fork of the Little Miami,[8] was dammed in 1977 by the United States Army Corps of Engineers to create Harsha Lake, located in East Fork State Park. Similarly, in 1973, the Army Corps dammed Caesar Creek to create Caesar Creek Lake, located in Caesar Creek State Park.[8]

The river's headwaters, considered part of the North Fork, are located about 5 miles (8.0 km) from South Charleston in Clark County,[9] near Plattsburgh.[2] The river empties into the Ohio River at California, a neighborhood of Cincinnati in Hamilton County.[10] Between the headwaters and the mouth, there is a 705-foot (215 m) decrease in elevation.[9]

History[edit]

The Little Miami River is named for the Miami, an Algonquian-speaking Native American people who lived in the region during the early days of white settlement. Historically, the river formed the eastern boundary of the Symmes Purchase and the western boundary of the Virginia Military District.

The 1968 Wild and Scenic River Act designated portions of the Little Miami National Scenic River as Ohio's first National Wild and Scenic River. On April 23 of following year, the Little Miami State Scenic River from Milford to the headwaters became Ohio's first State Scenic River, due to legislation that predated the national act by a few months.[11] The remainder of the river was added to the State Scenic River in 1971.[12]

The former Peters Cartridge Company factory in Hamilton Township, which closed in 1944 and is now owned by DuPont, was declared a Superfund site in 1996, due to the factory's use for manufacturing gunpowder and ammunition. Since then, studies by the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency have established that the site no longer poses an environmental hazard to the nearby river.[13]

Ecology[edit]

The Little Miami River passing through Clifton Gorge in John Bryan State Park, Greene County

The Little Miami River is home to at least 87 species of fish, as well as many species of turtles, frogs, water snakes, birds, mammals and invertebrates. The river contains 36 species of mussels, including two threatened species, one of which is endangered. Ohio considers five of the species to be endangered.[14] Recently, Zebra mussels and Asiatic clams have crowded out native species.

The river is protected by a number of nature preserves owned by Little Miami Inc., as well as by state and local parks (see below).[15]

Recreation[edit]

The Little Miami River is a National Scenic River. A series of state and county parks and bike trails have been built along the river, primarily the Little Miami Scenic Trail, which is concurrent with the Buckeye Trail and Little Miami Scenic State Park. Most of these trails have been built along the abandoned rail grades that run along the river (see Rail trail). The Ohio to Erie Trail project, under construction, aims to link these trails to other trails statewide to create a single bike trail from Lake Erie to the Ohio River.

The Little Miami is also popular among canoers and anglers. There are several canoe liveries along its course and the smallmouth bass fishing in the river is among the best in the state. For a river its size and considering that it drains mainly agricultural land, the water quality of the Little Miami River is excellent. Visitors may see a variety of wildlife including several varieties of turtles, Mallards, and other ducks, Canada Geese and Blue herons.

Places and point of interest[edit]

The following places, towns, and points of interest are located on the Little Miami starting at the headwaters in Clark County and proceeding down the river to its mouth on the Ohio River.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Little Miami River
  2. ^ a b c United States Geological Survey (1961) (ZIP/PDF). South Vienna Quadrangle (Map). 1:24,000. 7.5 minute series (topographic). Cartography by Division of Geological Survey, Ohio Department of Natural Resources (1991 ed.). http://ims.er.usgs.gov/gda_services/download?item_id=5027606&quad=South%20Vienna&state=OH&grid=7.5X7.5. Retrieved 2008-11-24.
  3. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map, accessed May 26, 2011
  4. ^ a b Weber, Cornelius I.; Donald R. Moore (1967). "Phytoplankton, seston, and dissolved organic carbon in the Little Miami River at Cincinnati, Ohio" (PDF). Limnology and Oceanography (American Society of Limnology and Oceanography) 12 (2). ISSN 0024-3590. Retrieved 2008-11-23. 
  5. ^ a b "Little Miami River Watershed". Little Miami River Partnership. 2008-06-29. Retrieved 2008-11-23. 
  6. ^ "Shawnees Webpage". Shawnee's Reservation. 1997. Retrieved 2013-04-26. 
  7. ^ "Little Miami River". Ohio Boating Destinations Audio Tour. Ohio Department of Natural Resources. 
  8. ^ a b "Ohio Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy" (PDF). Division of Wildlife, Ohio Department of Natural Resources. p. 428. Retrieved 2008-11-23. 
  9. ^ a b Bogan, Dallas (2004-08-30). "Local Water Ways Reveal History In Warren County". Warren County OhGenWeb Project. Provo, Utah: The Generations Network. Retrieved 2008-11-23. 
  10. ^ United States Geological Survey (1983) (ZIP/PDF). Newport Quadrangle (Map). 1:24,000. 7.5 minute series (topographic). Cartography by Kentucky Geological Survey and City of Cincinnati (1988 ed.). http://ims.er.usgs.gov/gda_services/download?item_id=5009014&quad=Newport&state=KY&grid=7.5X7.5. Retrieved 2008-11-24.
  11. ^ "40th Anniversary of Ohio Scenic Rivers Program set for Oct. 2" (Press release). Ohio Department of Natural Resources. 2008-09-26. Retrieved 2008-11-23. 
  12. ^ Randall E. Sanders, ed. (2001). "Stream Laws". A Guide to Ohio Streams (PDF). Columbus, Ohio: Streams Committee, Ohio Chapter, American Fisheries Society. Retrieved 2008-11-23. 
  13. ^ Clark, Michael D. (2007-12-19). "EPA: Old Peters site not polluting". The Cincinnati Enquirer (Gannett Company). Retrieved 2008-01-07. 
  14. ^ "Little Miami State and National Scenic River". Ohio Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 2008-11-23. 
  15. ^ Whitaker, Carrie (2008-01-07). "Good, bad news for Little Miami River mussels". The Cincinnati Enquirer (Gannett Company). Retrieved 2008-01-07. 

External links[edit]