Little St Bernard Pass
|Little St. Bernard Pass|
View of the stone circle crossed diagonally by the road. Remains of World War II fortifications are also visible.
|Elevation||2,188 m (7,178 ft)|
|Traversed by||N 90/SS26|
Aosta Valley, Italy
The Little St Bernard Pass (French: Col du Petit Saint-Bernard, Italian: Colle del Piccolo San Bernardo) is a mountain pass in the Alps on the France–Italy border. Its saddle is at 2188 metres above sea level. It is located between Savoie, France, and Aosta Valley, Italy, to the south of the Mont Blanc Massif, exactly on the main alpine watershed. There is also a Great St. Bernard Pass and a San Bernardino Pass.
Although damaged by a road that runs through it, the pass is the site of a stone circle measuring 72 m (236 ft) in diameter. A standing stone once stood in the middle. It has not been precisely dated but from coin finds it has been attributed to the Iron Age, possibly being a ceremonial site of the Tarentaisian culture (c. 725 BC–450 BC). A Roman temple dedicated to Jupiter was later erected nearby along with a Roman mansio serving travellers along the pass, and it is thought that Carthaginian general Hannibal used this route.
The stone circle was partly restored in the 19th century.
Details of climb
For fit cyclists climbing the pass represents an interesting and historic challenge; from Bourg-Saint-Maurice to the south-west, the Col du Petit Saint-Bernard is 26.5 km long. Over this distance, the climb is 1,348 m (4,423 ft) (an average slope of 5.1%), with the steepest sections at 8.1% at the start of the climb. The first 15.5 km (9.6 mi) to La Rosière forms the Montée d'Hauteville climb.
Appearances in Tour de France
The pass was featured in the 2009 Tour de France Stage 16 on 21 July from Martigny (Switzerland) to Bourg-Saint-Maurice, 160 km, which also features the Great St Bernard Pass.
|Year||Stage||Category||Leader at the summit|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Little St Bernard Pass.|
- Profile of Little St. Bernard Pass on climbbybike.com
- Little St. Bernard Pass in Tour de France (French)
- Photos of Little St. Bernard Pass
- "Grande Chenalette". 12 July 2009.