Little jüz

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Approximate areas occupied by the three Kazakh jüzes in the early 20th century. Green represents the Little jüz, yellow represents the Middle jüz and red represents the Great jüz.

Little jüz (Kazakh: Кіші жүз, Kişi jüz) or Alshyns (Kazakh: Алшын, Alşın, Turkish: Küçük Orda) are the Western subgroup of the Kazakhs. They originate from the Nogais of the Nogai Horde, which once was placed in Western Kazakhstan, but in the 16th century it was defeated by the Kazakhs and the Russians and Nogais retreated to the Western part of their khanate, to the Kuban River steppes. In the 18th century they endanged inner Russian cities, so the Russian Empire allied the Kalmucks (Kalmyks) to supplant Alshyns back to the Urals. There they formed the Little jüz. During Kazakh-Kalymk struggles, Khiva Khanate annexed Mangyshlak Peninsula for repelling Kalmyk raids and managed it for two centuries before Russian conquest. In the beginning of the 19th century, Kazakhs shifted some to the west, to Astrakhan Governorate, forming Bukey Horde there. Whereas the Russians considered them to be a part of Kazakhs since the 18th century, their self-determination wasn't Kazakh, but Alshyn up to the 20th century. As the Kazakh SSR was formed with Bukey Horde as the most remoted its western part,[clarification needed] situated geographically in Europe.

Constituent tribes[edit]

Kishi Juz is divided into three group of tribes. Aday is the part of Baiuly group of tribes.

Military Leaders[edit]

References[edit]

  • (Russian) [1]