Liu Chao-shiuan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Liu Chao-shiuan
劉兆玄
2007SCUltraMarathon Day1 Chao-hsuian Liu.jpg
Premier of the Republic of China
In office
20 May 2008 – 10 September 2009
President Ma Ying-jeou
Deputy Paul Chiu
Preceded by Chang Chun-hsiung
Succeeded by Wu Den-yih
2nd Central Committee of the Kuomintang
In office
20 May 2008 – 10 September 2009
Preceded by Ma Ying-jeou
Succeeded by Wu Den-yih
Vice Premier of the Republic of China
In office
11 December 1997 – 20 May 2000
Premier Vincent Siew
Preceded by John Chiang
Succeeded by Yu Shyi-kun
Minister of Transportation and Communications of the Republic of China
In office
27 February 1993 – 9 June 1996
Preceded by Eugene Chien
Succeeded by Tsay Jaw-yang
Personal details
Born (1943-05-10) 10 May 1943 (age 71)
Liuyang, Hunan, Republic of China
Nationality  Republic of China
Political party Naval Jack of the Republic of China.svg Kuomintang
Alma mater National Taiwan University (BS)
Université de Sherbrooke (MS)
University of Toronto (Ph.D.)

Liu Chao-shiuan (Chinese: 劉兆玄; pinyin: Liú Zhàoxuán; born May 10, 1943) is a Taiwanese educator and politician. He is a former president of the National Tsing Hua University (1987–1993) and Soochow University (2004–2008) and a former Premier of the Republic of China (2008–2009).

Early life[edit]

Liu was born in Liuyang, Hunan in 1943. He received his bachelor's degree from National Taiwan University in 1965, a master's from Université de Sherbrooke in 1968,[1] and a Ph.D. from the University of Toronto in 1971.[2] Dr. Liu earned all of his academic degrees in the field of chemistry.

Liu is also an author, and, together with two of his brothers, has published novels of ancient Chinese rovers practicing martial arts under pen name.

Liu started to receive public attention when he was the President of National Tsing-hua University in Hsinchu before 1993. At that time, he and his school had just successfully hosted the annual unified college-entrance examinations in Taiwan.

He became the President of Soochow University in 2004.

ROC Transportation Ministry[edit]

Liu was subsequently served as Minister of Transportation from 1993 to 1996.

ROC Vice Premiership[edit]

He then served as the Vice Premier from 1997 to 2000.

ROC Premiership[edit]

In April 2008, Liu was asked by current President Ma Ying-jeou to serve as the Premier of the Republic of China. He accepted the post and his term as Premier took effect with Ma's incoming administration on May 20, 2008.

Liu and his Cabinet resigned en masse on 10 September 2009, with Wu Den-yih succeeding the post of Premiership.

Liu had suffered mounting criticism over the aftermath of Typhoon Morakot, and had initially tendered his resignation to President Ma in mid-August. Liu, however, was asked by President Ma to remain and oversee initial relief efforts as they were carried out. Liu said, during his resignation announcement, that 90% of subsidies have been distributed and 92% of those displaced have been temporarily relocated.[3]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ (French) "Alma mater". Université de Sherbrooke. October 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-24. 
  2. ^ The Rose Wolfe Distinguished Alumni Award
  3. ^ "Taiwan premier quits over typhoon response - CNN.com". CNN. 8 September 2009. Retrieved 11 May 2010. 
Academic offices
Preceded by
Mao Gao-wen
President of National Tsing Hua University
1987–1993
Succeeded by
Richard Lee
Preceded by
Liu Yuanjun
President of Soochow University
2004–2008
Succeeded by
Ma Chun-mei
Acting
Political offices
Preceded by
Eugene Chien
Minister of Transportation and Communications of the Republic of China
1993–1996
Succeeded by
Tsay Jaw-yang
Preceded by
Chang Chun-hsiung
Premier of the Republic of China
2008–2009
Succeeded by
Wu Den-yih
Party political offices
Preceded by
Ma Ying-jeou
Central Committee of the Kuomintang
2008–2009
Succeeded by
Wu Den-yih