- This page deals with a city in Ukraine. For the film named after this city, see Luboml (film).
Liuboml (Ukrainian and Russian: Любомль, translit. Ljuboml’, Polish and German: Luboml) is a city located in the Volyn Oblast (province) in western Ukraine, close to the border with Poland. It has an estimated population of around 10,100 (as 2011) and is the administrative center of the Lyubomlskyi Raion (district).
Liuboml is situated two hundred miles southeast of Warsaw, Poland, in a region known as Volhynia. Lithuania is to its north, Russia to its east, and Poland to its west. Because of its location on the border, Luboml has a long history — dating back to the 11th century — of changing rule.
In the 1930s this market town included a thriving Jewish community of perhaps 4,000 persons. In Yiddish, the town was called Libivne. The entire Jewish community was annihilated in the Holocaust in 1942. The town's Jews and refugees estimated at the time as 4500 people, were taken by German Einzatzgruppen troops together with Local Ukrainian police to nearby pits and shot. There were 51 known survivors from the town.
The town's landmarks include St. George's Church, which was built in the 16th century in place of a 13th-century Orthodox church which previously occupied the site, and the Trinity Church, which goes back to 1412, but was subsequently rebuilt, with a belfry from 1640. At the time of the second world war, the grand Synagougue was a dominant landmark as well.
Franciszek Ksawery Branicki, builder of Liuboml's Branyc'kyj Palace
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Liuboml.|
- Luboml: My Heart Remembers, a documentary film that describes Jewish life in Liuboml between the two World Wars and mourns the town's Jewish population, lost during World War II.
- www.luboml.org, a website in remembrance of the vanished Jewish community
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