Ludmila Belousova in 1965
|Full name||Ludmila Yevgenyevna Belousova|
|Country represented||Soviet Union|
22 November 1935 |
Ulyanovsk, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
|Height||1.60 m (5 ft 3 in)|
|Former partner||Kirill Guliayev|
|Former coach||Igor Moskvin, Petr Orlov, Stanislav Zhuk|
Ludmila Yevgenyevna Belousova (Russian: Людмила Евгеньевна Белоусова; born 22 November 1935) is a former Russian pair skater who represented the Soviet Union. With her partner and husband Oleg Protopopov she is a two-time Olympic champion (1964, 1968) and four-time World champion (1965–1968). In 1979 the pair defected to Switzerland and became Swiss citizens in 1995. They continued to skate at ice shows and exhibitions through their seventies.
Belousova started skating relatively late, at age 16. She trained in Moscow where she met Oleg Protopopov in the spring of 1954. Belousova moved to Leningrad in 1955 and began training with Protopopov in 1956 following his navy discharge. They trained at VSS Lokomotiv and competed internationally for the USSR. Belousova and Protopopov were coached initially by Igor Moskvin and then by Petr Orlov, but parted ways with Orlov after a number of disagreements. The pair then trained without a coach at a rink in Voskresensk, Moscow Oblast. In 1961, they decided to work with Stanislav Zhuk to raise their technical difficulty.
Belousova and Protopopov debuted at the World Championships in 1958, finishing 13th. Two years later they competed at their first Olympics, placing 9th. In 1962, they made the World Championship podium for the first time, earning the silver medal. They were the first pair from the Soviet Union or Russia to win a World medal since the discipline's introduction at the 1908 World Championships (which had only three pairs competing). They also won silver at the European Championships, becoming the second Soviet pair to medal after Nina Zhuk and Stanislav Zhuk (who won silver from 1958 to 1960).
Belousova and Protopopov's first major international gold medal came at the 1964 Winter Olympics. It was the first Olympic pairs gold for the Soviet Union. Belousova and Protopopov began the forty-year Soviet/Russian gold medal streak in pair skating, the longest in Olympic sports history, from 1964 to 2006.
They became Olympic champions for the second time at the 1968 Winter Olympics. At 32 and 35 years old respectively, they were among the oldest champions in figure skating.
The following season, they won the silver medal at the European Championships and bronze at the World Championships as Irina Rodnina began her reign with her first partner, Alexei Ulanov. Those were the pair's final appearances at major international competitions but they would continue to compete within the Soviet Union until 1972.
In total, Belousova and Protopopov won two Olympic titles and medalled eight times at both the World and European Championships, including four consecutive World and European gold medals. After retiring from competition, they skated in shows and continue to do so into their 70s.
Belousova and Protopopov contributed to the development of pair skating, including introducing three death spirals – the backward inside (BIDS), forward inside (FIDS), and forward outside (FODS), which they dubbed the Cosmic spiral, Life spiral, and Love spiral, respectively. Dick Button stated: "The Protopopovs are great skaters not only because they were the finest of Olympic champions, but also because their creative impact was extraordinary."
Belousova and Protopopov married in December 1957. Although she kept her maiden name after their marriage, the pair are commonly referred to as "The Protopopovs". Eager to keep skating the pair decided not to have children.
On 24 September 1979, Belousova and Protopopov defected to Switzerland while on tour and applied for political asylum. They settled in Grindelwald and eventually received Swiss citizenship in 1995. Switzerland remains their winter home while their summer home and training center is Lake Placid, New York. On 25 February 2003 they have first visited Russia after a 23-year asylum, upon invitation of Vyacheslav Fetisov.
|Winter Olympic Games||9th||1st|
|Winter Olympic Games||1st|
|Prize of Moscow News||3rd||1st||2nd|
- "Oleg Protopopov and Lyudmila Belousova". Encyclopædia Britannica.
- Олег Протопопов. Биографическая справка [Oleg Protopopov. Curriculum Vitae]. rsport.ru (in Russian). 16 July 2012.
- Звезды советского фигурного катания – Протопопов и Белоусова [Stars of Soviet figure skating – Protopopov and Belousova]. rsport.ru (in Russian). 16 July 2012.
- Sausa, Christie (31 August 2011). "Lake Placid to honor icons". Lake Placid News. Archived from the original on 15 November 2011. Retrieved 1 September 2011.
- Коньки с бриллиантами. sim-k.ru. 1 March 2003.
- "Scooting Away on Skates", Time, 8 October 1979, retrieved 1 September 2011
- Lyudmila Belousova. sports-reference.com
- Srebnitskaya, Daria (24 January 2002). Людмила Белоусова, Олег Протопопов: Нас прятали в швейцарских отелях [Lyudmila Belousova and Oleg Protopopov: We hid in a Swiss hotel]. Sovetsky Sport (in Russian). Archived from the original on 19 July 2012.
- "Lake Placid honors figure skating legends". icenetwork. 18 August 2011. Retrieved 18 August 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ludmila Belousova.|
|Awards and achievements|
|BBC Overseas Sports Personality of the Year
(with Oleg Protopopov)