||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2012)|
Ullmann in Cannes, France, during 2000.
|Born||Liv Johanne Ullmann
16 December 1938
|Occupation||Actress and director|
|Spouse(s)||Gappe Stang (1960–1965)
Donald Richard Saunders (1985–1995)
|Partner(s)||Ingmar Bergman (five years)|
|Children||Linn Ullmann (with Bergman)|
Liv Johanne Ullmann (born 16 December 1938)is a Norwegian actress and movie director, as well as one of the "muses" of the Swedish director Ingmar Bergman. Nominated five times for a best actress Golden Globe Award, winning the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama during 1972 for the drama movie The Emigrants (1971), Ullmann has also been nominated for the Palme d'Or, two times for the Academy Award, and two times for a BAFTA Film Award.
Personal life 
Ullmann was born in Tokyo, Japan, the daughter of Viggo Ullmann, a Norwegian aircraft engineer who was working in Tokyo at the time, and Janna (née Lund), also Norwegian. When she was two years old, the family relocated to Toronto, Canada, where her father worked at the Norwegian air force base on Toronto Island (in Lake Ontario) during World War II. Four years later, her father died of a brain tumor, an event that affected her greatly. After the war, the rest of the family relocated to Trondheim, Norway, where Ullman spent the rest of her youth. She currently[when?] resides in Boston, Massachusetts.
Ullmann began her acting career as a stage actress in Norway during the mid-1950s. She continued to act in theatre for most of her career, and became noted for her portrayal of Nora in Henrik Ibsen's play A Doll's House, but became better known once she started to work with Swedish movie director Ingmar Bergman. She later acted, with acclaim, for 10 of his most-admired movies, including Persona (1966), The Passion of Anna (1969), Cries and Whispers (1972) and Autumn Sonata (1978), in which her co-actress, Ingrid Bergman, resumed her Swedish cinema career. She co-acted often with Swedish actor and fellow Bergman collaborator, Erland Josephson, with whom she made the Swedish television drama, Scenes from a Marriage (1973), which was also edited to feature-movie length and distributed theatrically. Ullmann acted with Laurence Olivier in A Bridge Too Far (1977), directed by Richard Attenborough.
Nominated more than 40 times for awards, including various lifetime achievement awards, she won the best actress prize three times from the National Society of Film Critics, three times from the National Board of Review, received three awards from the New York Film Critics Circle and a Golden Globe. During 1971, Ullmann was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress for the movie The Emigrants, and again during 1976 for the movie Face to Face.
Ullmann made her New York City stage debut in 1975 also in "A Doll's House." Appearances in "Anna Christie" and "Ghosts" followed, as well as the less than successful musical version of I Remember Mama. This show, composed by Richard Rodgers, experienced numerous revisions during a long preview period, then closed after 108 performances. She also featured in the widely deprecated musical movie remake of Lost Horizon during 1973.
During 1984, she was chairperson of the jury at the 34th Berlin International Film Festival, and during 2002 chaired the jury of Cannes Film Festival. She introduced her daughter, Linn Ullmann, to the audience with the words: "Here comes the woman whom Ingmar Bergman loves the most". Her daughter was there to receive the Prize of Honour on behalf of her father; she would return to serve the jury herself during 2011.
On 10 December 2010, Ullmann participated with the 2010 Nobel Peace Prize Ceremony. She read "I have no Enemies," the words of 2010 Nobel Peace Prize recipient Liu Xiaobo, a human-rights advocate imprisoned in China. In Liu's absence, the medal and diploma were placed on an empty chair on the stage.
She published two autobiographies, Changing (1977) and Choices (1984).
During 2012, she attended the International Indian Film Academy Awards in Singapore, where she was honored her for Outstanding Contributions to International Cinema and she also showed her movie on her relationship with Ingmar Bergman.
Directing career 
Ullmann's first movie as a director was Sofie (1992), in which she directed her friend and former co-actor, Erland Josephson. She later directed the Bergman-composed movie Faithless (2000) and reprised her role for Scenes from a Marriage in Saraband (2003), Bergman's final telemovie. Faithless garnered nominations for both the Palme d'Or and Best Actress at the Cannes Film Festival.
During 2006, Ullmann announced that she had been forced to end her longtime wish of making a movie based on A Doll's House. According to her statement, the Norwegian Film Fund was preventing her and writer Kjetil Bjørnstad from pursuing the project. Australian actress Cate Blanchett and British actress Kate Winslet had been cast intended in the main roles of the movie. She later directed Blanchett in the play A Streetcar Named Desire, by Tennessee Williams, at the Sydney Theatre Company in Sydney, Australia, which was performed September through October 2009, and then continued from 29 October to 21 November 2009 at the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts in Washington, D.C., where it won a Helen Hayes Award for Outstanding Non-resident Production as well as actress and supporting performer for 2009. The play was also performed at the Brooklyn Academy of Music in Brooklyn, New York.
Private life 
In addition to Norwegian, Ullmann speaks Swedish, English and other European languages. She is a UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador and has traveled widely for the organization. She is also co-founder and honorary chair of the Women's Refugee Commission. During 2005, King Harald V of Norway made Ullmann a Commander with Star of the Order of St. Olav. During 2006, she received a PhD honoris causa from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology.
Ullmann has been married and divorced twice. Her first marriage was to Hans Jacob Stang, a Norwegian psychiatrist, whom she divorced during 1965. According to her biographer, Ketil Bjørnstad, the marriage was marred by infidelities on both sides. During the 1980s, she married Boston real estate developer Donald Saunders, whom she divorced during 1995. The couple continued to live together until 2007.
- The Danish Poet won its director Torill Kove the Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film at the 79th Academy Awards.
|1992||Sofie||Montreal World Film Festival Special Grand Prize of the Jury
Montreal World Film Festival Prize of the Ecumenical Jury
Montreal World Film Festival Most Popular Film
|1995||Kristin Lavransdatter||(from the novel by Sigrid Undset)|
|1996||Private Confessions||Nominated—Chicago International Film Festival Gold Hugo
Screened at the 1997 Cannes Film Festival
|2000||Faithless||Amanda Ecumenical Film Award
Goya Award for Best European Film
Nominated—Palme d'Or, 2000 Cannes Film Festival
Nominated—Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Director
- 2006: Ibsen Centennial Commemoration Award
- 2012: International Indian Film Academy Awards for Outstanding Contribution to International Cinema
See also 
- List of film and television directors
- List of theatre directors in the 20th-21st centuries
- List of Norwegian actresses
- List of Norwegian writers
- Vårt Land - Liv Ullmann stoler på Gud
- Vårt Land - Tror på tilgivelse.
- "Liv Ullmann Biography (1939— )". FilmReference.com. Retrieved 15 August 2010.
- Jones, Donald (May 10, 1986). "Unravelling Little Norway's Big Secrets". Toronto Star. p. M03.
- "Berlinale: 1984 Juries". Berlin International Film Festival. Retrieved 21 November 2010.
- "Honoured to Share the Dais with Shabana Azmi, Liv Ullmann: Hassan". Mid Day. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
- "Unicef People". UNICEF.
- [dead link] "People: Liv Ullmann, Sharon Stone, Seal". International Herald Tribune. 13 May 2005.
- [dead link] "Honorary Doctors". Norwegian University of Science and Technology.
- Scherer, Michael (5 March 2001). "Donald L. Saunders – Donald L. Saunders Campaign Donation Profile". Mother Jones. Retrieved 11 October 2012..
- "Viewed by as much as two-thirds of the population, one of Norway's most domestically successful films ever – an important cultural event". Goliath.ecnext.com. 22 September 2003. Retrieved 15 August 2010.[dead link]
- [dead link] "Festival de Cannes: Private Confessions". Cannes Film Festival. Retrieved 26 September 2009.
- "Festival de Cannes: Faithless". Cannes Film Festival. Retrieved 13 October 2009.
Further reading 
- Robert Emmet Long, ed. (2006). Liv Ullmann: Interviews. University Press of Mississippi. ISBN 1-57806-823-1, 1-57806-824-X (paper). Collected interviews with Ullmann.
- David Outerbridge (1979). Without Makeup, Liv Ullmann: A Photo-Biography. New York City: William Morrow and Company. ISBN 0-688-03441-1.
- Liv Ullmann (1977). Changing. New York City: Knopf. ISBN 0-394-41148-X. Autobiography.
- Liv Ullmann (1984). Choices. New York: Knopf. ISBN 0-394-53986-9. ISBN 978-0-394-53986-7. Autobiography.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Liv Ullmann|
- Liv Ullmann at the Internet Broadway Database
- Liv Ullmann at the Internet Movie Database
- Liv Ullmann at the Notable Names Database
- Liv Ullmann at the TCM Movie Database
- Works by or about Liv Ullmann in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- Liv Ullmann collected news and commentary at The New York Times
- Liv Ullmann on Charlie Rose
- The Guardian/NFT interview with Shane Danielson, 23 January 2001
- Peter Bradshaw review of Trolösa, The Guardian, 9 February 2001
|Recipient of the Arts Council Norway Honorary Award