Liv and Maddie
|Liv and Maddie|
|Opening theme||"Better in Stereo", performed by Dove Cameron|
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of seasons||2|
|No. of episodes||39 (list of episodes)|
|Running time||22 minutes|
|Original channel||Disney Channel|
|Original release||July 19, 2013– present|
Liv and Maddie is an American teen sitcom created by John Beck and Ron Hart and produced by It's a Laugh Productions for Disney Channel. The series stars Dove Cameron as two identical twins with entirely different personalities. Liv Rooney is a girly girl who was an actress in Hollywood for four years. She was offered more roles in other shows and movies, but decided to come home instead because she missed her family and wanted to see them again. Her sister Maddie is a tomboy with a facility for sports, particularly basketball. Joey is their younger brother while Parker is the youngest child of the Rooney family. Their father is the coach of Maddie's basketball team and their mother is the school psychologist (later Vice Principal). The series revolves around Liv readjusting to normal family life after production on her successful television program Sing It Loud! ended.
Liv and Maddie began production in April 2013 with a pilot episode aired on July 19, 2013 after the premiere of the Disney Channel Original Movie Teen Beach Movie. The first promo for the series was seen on Friday, June 28, 2013, after the premiere of Disney's Mickey Mouse Shorts.
On January 13, 2014, Disney Channel renewed Liv and Maddie for a 13-episode second season slated to premiere in Fall 2014. The second season was later expanded to 24 episodes. The first season ended on July 27, 2014, and the second season began on September 21, 2014. On April 3, 2015, the show was renewed for a third season by Disney Channel.
Actress Liv Rooney (Dove Cameron) has just come home to Stevens Point, Wisconsin after a four-year stint in Hollywood filming a popular television program called Sing It Loud!, which has just finished its run, to the open arms of her parents, brothers, and twin sister, Maddie (also played by Cameron). The pair had hoped to resume their relationship from before Liv left, but instead have grown into opposing personalities with different interests. Liv has become very girly and enjoys any time someone mentions her former career, whereas Maddie has become a tomboy perfecting her basketball skills and is the captain of her basketball team. They have two brothers: Joey (Joey Bragg), the typical awkward teen, and Parker (Tenzing Norgay Trainor), a confident and clever child. Rounding out the Rooney clan is their mother Karen (Kali Rocha), the school psychologist (later Vice Principal), and their father Pete (Benjamin King), Maddie's basketball coach, both of whom are anxious to now care for all their children under one roof. Some events take place at Ridgewood High, the high school where the three elder Rooney children attend and both parents work.
A significant feature has a cutaway where specific characters would break the fourth wall to tell the viewers about different things.
Cast and characters
- Liv Rooney (Dove Cameron) is one of a pair of identical twins and the eldest child of the Rooney family, and is older sister to Joey and Parker. Liv left the family at the age of 11 and starred for four years in a popular television program, Sing It Loud!, to which she continually refers. Liv is a sophomore at Ridgewood High School. When Liv and Maddie celebrate their sweet sixteen in "Sweet 16-A-Rooney", Karen states that Liv is 6 minutes older than Maddie being born at 11:56 PM, but on a day later than Maddie. Liv's siblings affectionately call her "Hollywood". In "Skate-A-Rooney", it is referenced that in-between seasons of Sing It Loud!, Liv filmed a movie called The Skateboard Bandit. It is shown that Liv shares the personality quirks of her mother, Karen, as seen in "Shoe-A-Rooney" when the pair reveal their affinity for shoes. In "Flashback-A-Rooney", it was revealed by Karen that Liv's full name is "Olivia". At the end of Season 1, Liv began production on Space Werewolves, a film adaptation of a fictional graphic novel series of the same name. Liv stars as Tristan Lycanth in the film adaptation after being able to fully master all the traits of the wolf with the help of writer/wolf girl Emmy "Fangs" Wulfert. Although the protagonist of the story was originally a boy in the graphic novels, Liv was picked for the role because of her acting career on Sing It Loud! and the role of Tristan was changed from a boy to a girl. In scenes in which Dove Cameron is portraying Maddie, Liv is portrayed by look-a-like double Emmy Buckner.
- Maddie Rooney (Dove Cameron) is one of a pair of identical twins and the second eldest child of the Rooney family, and is older sister to Joey and Parker. Like Liv, Maddie is a sophomore at Ridgewood High School. Maddie is captain of the girl's basketball team of Ridgewood High, and is equally diligent to her team captain duties as her studies. Her catchphrase is "Bam! What?!" Maddie's main love interest is Diggie, captain of Ridgewood High's boy's basketball team. She is sometimes called Mads by Diggie and Willow, such as in "Slump-A-Rooney" and "Shoe-A-Rooney". In "Sleep-A-Rooney", it was revealed by Willow that Maddie's full name is "Madison". It was revealed again by Karen in Flashback-A-Rooney. It is shown that Maddie shares the personality quirks of her father, Pete, as seen in "Dump-A-Rooney" when the pair show their competitive side while preparing for a 2-on-2 basketball tournament. In "Space-Werewolf-A-Rooney", Maddie injures her leg and is unable to play basketball. In "Pottery-A-Rooney", Maddie tries taking up the new hobby of pottery; however, it does not work out, and she ends up going back to basketball. In "Helgaween-A-Rooney", Karen uses hypnotherapy to try to get Maddie over her fear of using her injured knee to shoot a three-pointer, but Maddie instead has a nightmare that she and Liv have a triplet named Helga. Maddie temporarily becomes the new sensei for Parker's karate class in "Match-A-Rooney". In scenes in which Dove Cameron is portraying Liv, Maddie is portrayed by look-a-like double Shelby Wulfert.
- Joey Rooney (Joey Bragg) is the middle child of the Rooney family. He is the middle brother to Liv and Maddie and older brother to Parker. Joey is a freshman at Ridgewood High School. Parker affectionately calls him "Munch". Although close in age to his older twin sisters, only a school year younger as a freshman, Joey is perceived as immature and awkward, but also somewhat of a brainiac. Joey has a close relationship with his younger brother, Parker, especially in pranking or being manipulative, but with Liv and Maddie's assistance, there is hope for growth. He is bitter rivals with Artie, one of his classmates. In "Sweet 16-A-Rooney", it is revealed that his full name is "Joseph". In "Helgaween-A-Rooney", Joey and Parker use a magic amulet to clone themselves so they can sneak out for the night (they wanted to see a haunted house magic show), but then the clones try to cook and eat the parents. In the same episode Karen tries her hypnotherapy on Joey to make him feel ready to take on the world, but all Joey can say is "Ooey, ooey, ooey!"
- Parker Rooney (Tenzing Norgay Trainor) is the youngest child of the Rooney family, and is the youngest brother to Liv, Maddie, and Joey. Parker is a 6th grader at an unknown school. Parker is an intelligent and clever child with growing "playground buzz" who does karate and is somewhat manipulative. He is not a troublesome child, but somewhat of a trickster, as shown in "Fa-la-la-A-Rooney" when he swindles money from Joey in order to purchase an expensive toy he suspects no one would give him. In "Kathy Kan-A-Rooney", one of Parker's dojo buddies, Splat, caught Parker watching Linda and Heather, a show about two girls who are besties. It is eventually revealed that his other dojo buddies including Splat watch the show too. Both Splat and Reggie go to Parker's house and they all watch the show together and enjoy it. In "Gift-A-Rooney", it was revealed Parker has an embarrassing middle name, which is skipped over when Karen says it due to how much Parker hates it.
- Karen Rooney (Kali Rocha) is married to Pete, and is the mother of Liv, Maddie, Joey, and Parker. She is the school psychologist for Ridgewood High, and later the vice-principal as of Season 2. Karen often ineptly uses her knowledge of family psychology at home, sometimes forming family meetings and sharing her "punching pillows". In Sweet 16-A-Rooney, it is revealed that Karen had kept secret that the twins, Liv and Maddie, were born on opposite sides of midnight and technically have separate birthdays, with Maddie being born 6 minutes and one day after Liv. In "BFF-A-Rooney", it was revealed that she chomps on ice when she is nervous. She also has demonstrated a tendency for compulsive hoarding, as shown in "Brain-A-Rooney" when she refuses to sell stuff that used to belong to members of the family (such as a box of toothbushes that they have used) and "Rate-A-Rooney", when she refuses to get rid of unnecessary house decorations. In "Helgaween-A-Rooney", it was revealed that both Maddie and Joey have been hypnotized by Karen.
- Pete Rooney (Benjamin King) is married to Karen, and is the father of Liv, Maddie, Joey, and Parker. He is the coach of the girl's basketball team for Ridgewood High. Pete enjoys bringing competition into the home, often wearing his whistle and pushing Maddie to improve her basketball ability. Pete shows typical father characteristics such as his misunderstandings of his daughters' emotional development and shares his sons' creative mentality. He also can disagree with Karen frequently, such as in "Rate-A-Rooney" when he wants to get rid of useless house decorations of which Karen cannot let go.
- Diggie (Ryan McCartan) is Maddie's main love interest. Diggie is the captain of the boy's basketball team of Ridgewood High School, and is perceived as confident and strong. Diggie affectionately calls Maddie simply as "Rooney", although in "Twin-A-Rooney", he calls her "Rooney classic" to distinguish her from Liv. In "Move-A-Rooney", Diggie finally expresses his feelings toward Maddie after she tells him they are moving. Diggie is also seen as a mentor for Joey when it comes to anything related to being "cool". Diggie was also the manager of the local frozen yogurt shop. In Season 2, he left Wisconsin to go to the nation of "Tundrabania" after Maddie broke her knee. In "Gift-A-Rooney", he makes his first physical appearance since Season 1 for his and Maddie's "meet-a-versary", courtesy of Liv. In "Flugelball-A-Rooney", he returns from Tundrabania only to break up with Maddie after he thinks she does not support his decision to go to Australia.
- Willow (Jessica Marie Garcia) is a teammate and best friend of Maddie's. She plays center, and often exclaims that she "doesn't go down!" She and Maddie share a special high-five. Willow's only weakness is her overwhelming crush on Joey, as seen in "Slump-A-Rooney", when she misdirects a love note to be from him.
- Stains (Bridget Shergalis) is a teammate and friend of Maddie's. She is a petite girl with a hearty appetite. She gets her name because her clothing gets inadvertently dirty in each episode she appears in. She has a recurring tendency to rub the side of her nose with her thumb whenever she gets involved in a scheme, as seen in "Team-A-Rooney" when the team rallies against Principal Fickman, in "Sweet 16-A-Rooney", when she helps plan a surprise party for Maddie, and "Shoe-A-Rooney", when she has to take over for Maddie in a game because Maddie was too busy obsessing with her new shoes. She also has a habit of ending each sentence with "man". This habit includes when referring to Maddie and her other teammates.
- Artie (Jimmy Bellinger) is a classmate and proclaimed nemesis of Joey's. Although the pair have worked together before (as seen in "Brain-A-Rooney" and "BFF-a-Rooney"), they are often competitive in proving who is smarter than the other, with Joey usually falling short. In "Moms-A-Rooney", it is revealed that Artie has a crush on Joey's famous sister, Liv. He is also a sci-fi fanatic, showing up at a promotional event for Space Werewolves. In "BFF-a-Rooney", his last name was revealed to be Smalls.
- Ocean (Cozi Zuehlsdorff) is Liv's first friend from school who first appeared in "Steal-A-Rooney". In the episode, Maddie organized for Ocean to befriend Liv since Liv felt that people only liked her because she is famous. Later, Liv realizes that the whole friendship was a set up by Maddie and she gets temporarily upset. But after sometime, she realizes that Ocean likes her genuinely and they become good friends. Ocean is of a bohemian-style family, lives on a sunflower farm, and has limited use of technology, thus not knowing of Liv's former television career before befriending her. Ocean loves the environment, school, and learning. She and Liv take a German language course together.
- Skippy Ramirez (Allen Alvarado) is Joey's childhood friend who reemerged as a professional skateboarder, "The Masked Shredder". The pair are suddenly classmates at Ridgewood High, and were once in charge of guarding the school mascot, Paulie the Porcupine.
- Evan (Carter Hastings) is one of Parker's "dojo buddies", and presumably his best friend. Evan is an underhandedly polite child, whose mother (an unseen character) is perceived as mildly overprotective. A year younger than Parker, the pair tend to get into difficult situations with Parker often protecting Evan, as seen in "Slump-A-Rooney" when Parker helps Evan stand up to his mother. Evan also helped Karen "reprogram Parker" in "Shoe-A-Rooney" when Parker tried to avoid having to do chores by pretending to be incapable.
- Reggie (Herbie Jackson) is one of Parker's dojo buddies and best friends. He takes karate classes with Parker and Splat and is often seen at the Rooney house. He refers to Parker as "Doctor P" and is often up for Parker's schemes. He assisted Parker in creating a skin creme for Karen in exchange for "bologna, the good kind" in "Gift-A-Rooney". At the end of the episode, Karen tells Reggie Parker's middle name as Parker's punishment for creating a skin creme that grew long hair on her elbows.
- Principal Fickman (Larry Miller) is the principal of Ridgewood High. He is close to his mother and somewhat stern when it comes to school related matters, as seen in "Team-A-Rooney" when he had cut the girl's basketball team's budget.
- Johnny Nimbus (Kurt Long) is the local television weatherman who is often selected to host various events around town.
- Dwight Howard as Bernard, Joey's short-lived personal trainer who appears in "Dump-A-Rooney". He is apparently good at basketball, and Maddie decides to pair with him instead of Pete in the 2-on-2 tournament. Pete feels pushed aside and pairs with Diggie instead. Maddie, in turn, feels betrayed and apologizes to her father. Bernard eventually partners with Diggie, and the pair win the tournament.
- Laura Marano as Emmy "Fangs" Wulfert, a teenage "wolf girl" who raised by wolves ever since she wandered away from her camp when she was little. She penned a book about her experience and still has some of her wolf traits like rolling around in the dirt, marking her territory, traveling in a dog cage when being flown out to locations (it was cheaper to fly this way for Fangs), getting used to how new people smell, eating meat off the ground, and howling. In "Howl-A-Rooney", Fangs was invited to Stevens Point by Liv in an effort to teach her how to act like a wolf in preparation for Liv's audition for Space Werewolves. She eventually helped Liv master her howling by competing for the role of Tristan Lycanth. Her real name is a hybrid combination of Emmy Buckner and Shelby Wulfert, the stunt doubles who play Liv and Maddie respectively.
- Kel Mitchell as Q-Pop, a hip-hop dance instructor who appeared in "Howl-A-Rooney". In the episode, Maddie and Diggie decide to try more adventurous things, and choose to take up hip-hop dancing. When Joey expresses his own interest, Maddie tells him to take the class instead. Maddie soon feels left out and the three take the lessons together.
- Raquel Castro as South Salamanaca, Liv's co-star from Sing It Loud! who appears in "BFF-A-Rooney". She was invited to Stevens Point by Liv for a short visit to meet Liv's family and friends. At the party, Maddie tells Diggie to be kind to her, but mistakens Diggie and South's friendliness for flirting, and South later apologizes.
- Anne Winters as Kylie Kramer, a troublesome student and classmate of Liv's who appears in "Steal-A-Rooney". When Maddie tells Liv to start befriending other students, Ocean is pushed upon her, but Liv tries to embrace her wild side and befriends Kylie. Maddie follows the pair as they skip school at the mall, but gets caught mistakenly as Liv who was presumed to have stolen sunglasses that were actually stolen by Kylie.
- Samm Levine as Chambers, the manager of the "Happy Carrot" juice bar. In "Steal-A-Rooney", Joey gets a job at the juice bar in an effort to help pay the bill for his new cell phone. Joey is so engrossed in the phone, that Chambers eventually fires him citing the endangerment of the customers.
- Gabrielle Elyse as Skylar, Joey's one-time crush who appears in "Kang-A-Rooney". During Ridgewood High's Screamfest, Maddie tells Joey to try talking to girls in costume to heighten his self-esteem for when he talks to girls on a regular day. Inadvertently, he unwittingly begins flirting with Liv instead.
- Connor Weil as Miller White, Liv's ex-boyfriend from Hollywood who appears in "Skate-A-Rooney". He came to Stevens Point to attended a competition. When he discovers that Liv is a guest judge, he breaks up with her in an effort to not skew the votes, but in an attempt to get back together, he inadvertently talks to Maddie who eventually cuts off his signature ponytail.
- Ella Anderson as Jenny Keene, a young girl who won a contest to sing with Liv at the Stevens Point Holiday Spectacular. She appears in "Fa-la-la-A-Rooney". Prior to their performance, the pair would rehearse together and Liv taught her how to embrace the limelight. Eventually, Liv feels she is being out-shined by the seven-year-old, and the pair struggle to share the stage. In the episode, Liv and Jenny sing a duet of "Up on the House Top" by Benjamin Hanby.
- Dorie Barton as Bree, the actress who portrayed Liv's mother on Sing It Loud! who appears in "Moms-A-Rooney". When Liv discovers that she was not invited to Maddie and Karen's mother-daughter weekend, she calls Bree and the pair join them. Bree appears to be "too Hollywood" and runs away when she finds Liv covered with leeches, allowing Karen to care for her ailing daughter.
- Marla Maples as Amy Becker, the high school girlfriend of Pete's who appears in "BFF-A-Rooney". While attending Pete's high school reunion, Karen meets Amy for the first time and feels that Pete settled on marrying her instead of his former flame. Eventually, Karen apologizes for her actions.
- Garry Marshall as Vic DeFazerelli, a three-time Oscar-winning director who was hired to direct Liv in the Space Werewolves movie at a nearby studio in Wisconsin rather than Hollywood.
- Fahim Anwar as the original director of the Space Werewolves movie.
- Dove Cameron as Helga, a figment of Maddie's imagination who was seen in "Helgaween-A-Rooney" as Liv and Maddie's triplet. In the episode, Maddie wishes she had not been born a twin while wearing a magic amulet, and thus Helga was born. Helga was truly ruthless, making people into her slaves and forcing them to do stuff for her or else. Later Maddie tries to wish she was a twin again but instead of getting rid of Helga, the wish gets rid of Liv. Then Helga eats the amulet because it had hummus on it. Maddie wishes for her family to be normal again, and wakes up from her nap realizing it was all just a dream.
- Piper Curda as Kathy Kan, a Korean pop star who comes to Wisconsin to study Liv to prepare for the Korean version of Sing It Loud!. In "Kathy Kan-A-Rooney", she quickly becomes good friends with Liv, and they get along well. Kathy presumably goes back to Korea at the end of the episode.
- Cameron Boyce as Craig "Kraghh the Insidious" Rooney, Maddie's cousin who appeared in "Prom-A-Rooney". He was invited by Karen to the Ridgewood High prom because Maddie did not have anyone with whom to go to the prom. He is an illusionist.
Liv and Maddie was created by John Beck and Ron Hart, and is produced under a joint venture by Beck & Hart Productions, Oops Doughnuts Productions, and It's a Laugh Productions. Beck and Hart are a production/writing team whose credits include According to Jim, Hey Arnold!, and Shake It Up!. The show is also executive co-produced by Andy Fickman (She's the Man), Betsy Sullenger (You Again), and John Peaslee (8 Simple Rules). Originally, the pair had shopped a script of a project called Bits and Pieces, which featured a blended family similar to shows like The Brady Bunch and Step by Step.
Casting took place during the spring of 2012, however, only a pilot episode was produced. The series followed Jodie Sullenger (Kali Rocha), mother of Alanna (Dove Cameron) and Sticky (Joey Bragg), who married Pete Fickman (Benjamin King), father of Crystal (Cozi Zuehlsdorff) and Brody (Tenzing Norgay Trainor), and all six adjusting to life under the same roof.
Eventually, Disney chose to change the concept of Bits and Pieces into one about a pair of twins. Instead of hiring a new cast, production chose to keep who they had already hired and film a completely new pilot. The story now focused on Dove Cameron playing dual titular roles, with the same parental units and brothers. Lead billing for Cozi Zuehlsdorff was later dropped to guest star. The family name of "Rooney" was picked because of Sullenger's enjoyment of the Pittsburgh Steelers who are owned by the Rooney family.
A full version of the Liv and Maddie theme song, "Better in Stereo", was recorded by Cameron and released as a promotional single by Walt Disney Records on October 15, 2013. A music video was filmed and aired on Disney Channel the night of October 29, 2013.
In the pilot episode "Twin-A-Rooney", Liv shows Maddie a clip from the Sing It Loud! finale in which Liv's character, Stephanie Einstein, sings a cover of On Top of the World by Imagine Dragons. A full version of the song was recorded by Cameron and was released as a promotional single by Walt Disney Records on August 27, 2013.
In the episode, "Fa-la-la-A-Rooney", Liv performs the classic "Let It Snow! Let It Snow! Let It Snow!" during the Steven's Point Holiday Spectacular. A full version of the song was recorded by Cameron and is included on Holidays Unwrapped, a holiday album released by Walt Disney Records on October 15, 2013.
In the episode "Song-A-Rooney", Liv performs a song entitled "Count Me In". A full version of the song was recorded by Cameron and was released as a promotional single by Walt Disney Records on June 3, 2014. In that same episode "Froyo Yolo" performed by Dove Cameron, was shown like Liv's new hit. It goes viral, but Liv hates it.
In the episode, "New Year's Eve-A-Rooney", Liv performs a song entitled "You, Me and the Beat". A full version of the song was recorded by Cameron and was released as a promotional single by Walt Disney Records on December 2, 2014.
In the episode "Rate-A-Rooney", Liv uploads a song entitled "What a Girl Is". Two versions were created, the first being the one shown on Liv and Maddie and the other, including Christina Grimmie and Baby Kaely was eventually recorded. Both versions are included in the "Liv and Maddie" soundtrack. The second version was released (along with "Better in Stereo", "On Top of the World", "Count Me In", and "You, Me and the Beat") on March 5, 2015 on iTunes, while the original version is on the pre-order list, with a release date of March 17, 2015.
On March 17, 2015, the Liv and Maddie soundtrack was released. The soundtrack includes the songs "Better in Stereo", "On Top of the World", "Froyo Yolo", "Count Me In", "You, Me and the Beat", and both versions of "What a Girl Is". The soundtrack also includes the songs "Say Hey", "As Long As I Have You", and "True Love" (the latter of which would be morphed into two versions: Ballad, which would be sung by Jordan Fisher, and a piano duet featuring Fisher and Cameron). On March 5, 2015, with the announcing of the soundtrack (and the point that the songs in Liv and Maddie were already available), the singles for those songs (minus Froyo Yolo) will no longer be available.
|"Better in Stereo"||Dove Cameron||Twin-A-Rooney|
|"On Top of the World"||Dove Cameron||Twin-A-Rooney|
|"Let It Snow, Let It Snow, Let It Snow"||Dove Cameron||Fa La La La-A-Rooney|
|"Up on the Housetop"||Dove Cameron and Ella Anderson||Fa La la La-A-Rooney|
|"Froyo Yolo"||Dove Cameron||Song-A-Rooney|
|"Count Me In"||Dove Cameron||Song-A-Rooney|
|"You, Me and the Beat"||Dove Cameron||New Year's Eve-A-Rooney|
|"What a Girl Is"||Dove Cameron||Rate-A-Rooney|
|"True Love"||Dove Cameron||Prom-A-Rooney|
|Season||Episodes||Originally aired (U.S. dates)|
|First aired||Last aired|
|1||21||July 19, 2013
September 15, 2013 (premiere)
|July 27, 2014|
|2||24||September 21, 2014||TBA|
Brand marketing promotion from Liv and Maddie still continues strongly, with ACCO Brands under the Day Dream brand featuring 2015 wall calendar, and Disney D'Signed clothing line from selected retailers Target and Kohl's. Footwear retailer Payless ShoeSource to conduct Liv and Maddie-themed character footwear based on the show.
Liv and Maddie airs worldwide on Disney Channel. The series was previewed on July 19, 2013 on Disney Channel in the United States and Family Channel in Canada. It officially premiered on September 15, 2013 and September 20, 2013 in the United States and Canada respectively. In the UK and Ireland, the series was previewed on October 7, 2013 and later premiered on November 8, 2013.
|2014||Teen Choice Awards||Choice TV: Female Breakout Star||Dove Cameron||Nominated|
|Kids' Choice Awards Mexico||International Program||Liv and Maddie||Nominated|
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- Beck, John D. (September 12, 2014). "Why haven't we got 21 episodes for season 2:(" we have 24.". Retrieved September 13, 2014.
- Elizabeth Wagmeister (April 3, 2015). "‘Liv and Maddie’ Renewed for Season 3 at Disney Channel (EXCLUSIVE)". variety.com. Retrieved April 3, 2015.
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- "Flashback-A-Rooney". Liv and Maddie. Season 1. Episode 18. May 4, 2014. 23:24 minutes in. Disney Channel.
- "Sleep-A-Rooney". Liv and Maddie. Season 1. Episode 9. September 22, 2013. 10:20 minutes in. Disney Channel.
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- "Oops Doughnuts Production (Official)". Facebook.com.
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- "iTunes - Music - Better in Stereo (From "Liv and Maddie") - Single by Dove Cameron". itunes.apple.com. Retrieved October 23, 2013.
- "iTunes - Music - On Top of the World (From "Liv and Maddie") - Single by Dove Cameron". itunes.apple.com. Retrieved October 19, 2013.
- "Disney Holidays Unwrapped - Only at Target : Target". target.com. Retrieved December 4, 2013.
- "iTunes - Music - Count Me In (From "Liv & Maddie") - Single by Dove Cameron". itunes.apple.com. Retrieved July 13, 2014.
- Ng, Philiana (January 13, 2013). "Disney Channel Renews 'Liv and Maddie' (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved January 18, 2014.
- "Episode Title: (#01) "Twin-A-Rooney"". Futon Critic. Retrieved July 5, 2013.
- "Disney Channel's New Family Comedy "Liv and Maddie" Premieres Sunday, September 15". Disney press release via Futon Critic. July 16, 2013. Retrieved July 17, 2013.
- Liv & Maddie - Episode Guide - MSN TV
- Beck, John D. (September 12, 2014). "Why haven't we got 21 episodes for season 2:(” we have 24.". Retrieved September 13, 2014.
- "Liv and Maddie Character Shoes and Accessories by Payless Shoes". Payless ShoeSource. Retrieved January 20, 2015.
- "Liv and Maddie: Home - family.ca". family.ca. Retrieved October 26, 2013.
- "Liv and Maddie". disney.co.uk. Disney Channel UK. Retrieved October 26, 2013.
- "Liv and Maddie on Disney HD at 5:50pm October 7th, 2013". digiguide.tv. Retrieved September 27, 2013.
- "Liv & Maddie". disney.com.au. Disney Channel TV Australia & NZ: The Official Disney Channel Television Site. Retrieved October 26, 2013.
- Higgins, D (January 5, 2015). "JANUARY: 200+ new and returning Foxtel shows". The Green Room. Foxtel. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
- "Liv and Maddie - Disney Channel Asia". youtube.com. Retrieved January 18, 2014.
- "What's On Disney ZA". Disney.co.za. March 4, 2014. Retrieved March 4, 2014.
- "Liv and Maddie Season 2 Premiere". DSTV. Multichoice. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
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