Livadeia

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"Levadia" and "Lebadea" redirect here. For the Estonian football club, see FC Levadia Tallinn. For the brush-footed butterfly, see Lebadea (butterfly).
Livadeia
Λιβαδειά
Livadeia general.jpg
Location
Livadeia is located in Greece
Livadeia
Livadeia
Coordinates 38°26′N 22°52′E / 38.433°N 22.867°E / 38.433; 22.867Coordinates: 38°26′N 22°52′E / 38.433°N 22.867°E / 38.433; 22.867
Government
Country: Greece
Administrative region: Central Greece
Regional unit: Boeotia
Population statistics (as of 2011)[1]
Municipality
 - Population: 31,315
 - Area: 694.016 km2 (268 sq mi)
 - Density: 45 /km2 (117 /sq mi)
Municipal unit
 - Population: 22,779
 - Area: 166.691 km2 (64 sq mi)
 - Density: 137 /km2 (354 /sq mi)
Community
 - Population: 22,193
 - Area: 139.614 km2 (54 sq mi)
 - Density: 159 /km2 (412 /sq mi)
Other
Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)
Elevation (center): 200 m (656 ft)
Postal code: 321 00
Telephone: 22610
Auto: ΒΙ
Website
www.livadia.gr

Livadeia (Greek: Λιβαδειά Livadeia or Λεβάδεια Levadeia as well as Λειβαδιά Leivadia, Modern Greek: [livaˈðʝa]; Ancient: Lebadeia) is a city in central Greece. It is the capital of the regional unit Boeotia. Livadeia is located 130 kilometres (81 miles) NW of Athens, E of Nafpaktos, ESE of Amfissa and Desfina, SE of Lamia and west of Chalkida. Livadeia is linked with GR-48 and several kilometres west of GR-3. The area around Livadeia are mountainous while farmlands are mainly in valley areas. Levadia's industry are urban and rural in the outskirts. It is also home to Levadiakos FC who are in the Super League Greece.

Geography[edit]

The municipality of Livadeia covers an area of 694.016 km2, the municipal unit of Livadeia 166.691 km2 and the community 139.614 km2.[2]

Municipality[edit]

The municipality Livadeia was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 5 former municipalities, that became municipal units (constituent communities in brackets):[3]

The community Livadeia consists of the following outlying settlements (besides the town itself): Agios Nikolaos Livadeias (pop: 25), Analypsis Livadeias (pop: 184), Elikon (pop: 43), Perachora (pop: 279), Stathmos (pop: 3), Tzimeika (pop: 25) and Tsoukalades (pop: 149).

Historical population[edit]

Year Town Municipal unit Municipality
1981 18,885
1991 19,295
2001 20,061 20,769
2011 22,193 22,779 31,315

Antiquities[edit]

Pausanias, writing in the 2nd century AD, reported that the original name of the city was Mideia, and that it took its name Lebadeia from Lebados of Athens, who moved the city from high to low ground,[4] to its current location on the banks of the Herkyna river. The sacred protector of the city was the hero/god Trophonios, whose oracle, involving a harrowing descent into an underground chamber, was famous beyond the borders of Greece. At the springs of the Herkyna river are shallow grottos with niches and marble remnants said to be the site of the oracle. On the hill above is a small medieval castle, mostly the work of the Catalan Company during the 14th century, accessible by foot. Further west, commanding a dramatic view from the hill of Profitis Ilias, are the remains of a large temple of Zeus Basileus, perhaps begun in the 3rd century BC but never completed.[5] The cathedral church of St. George houses an important relic, a head of St. George, translated to Venice in the 15th century but restored to Livadeia as a gesture of interfaith cooperation in 1999.[6] In medieval times the river was lined by a series of water mills, one of which is preserved.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Detailed census results 2011" (xls 2,7 MB). National Statistical Service of Greece.  (Greek)
  2. ^ Πίνακας 3. Πραγματικός πληθυσμός, επιφάνεια και πυκνότητα του πληθυσμού, με διάκριση σε αστικές και αγροτικές περιοχές καθώς και σε πεδινές, ημιορεινές και ορεινές περιοχές. Μέσος σταθμικός των υψομέτρων. (in Greek). Ελληνική Στατιστική Αρχή (Hellenic Statistical Authority). Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  3. ^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
  4. ^ Pausanias. "Book IX.39.1-2". Description of Greece.  "Book IX.39.1-2". (in Greek) http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.01.0159%3Abook%3D9%3Achapter%3D39%3Asection%3D1.  Missing or empty |title= (help) At the Perseus Project.
  5. ^ Hansen, Mogens et al., Inventory of Archaic and Classical Poleis, Oxford 2004
  6. ^ "Ναός Αγίου Γεωργίου (Λιβαδειά) - Βοιωτικός Κόσμος". Viotikoskosmos.wikidot.com. Retrieved 2013-03-26. 

External links[edit]