Livadiya, Crimea

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Livadiia
Лівадія
Livadiia is located in Autonomous Republic Crimea
Livadiia
Livadiia
Location of Livadiia within Crimea
Livadiia is located in Yalta
Livadiia
Livadiia
Location of Livadiia
Coordinates: 44°28′15″N 34°8′38″E / 44.47083°N 34.14389°E / 44.47083; 34.14389Coordinates: 44°28′15″N 34°8′38″E / 44.47083°N 34.14389°E / 44.47083; 34.14389
Country Russia/Ukraine[1]
Republic Crimea
Region Yalta municipality
Elevation 30 m (100 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 889
Time zone MSK (UTC+4)
Postal code 98655, 98656
Area code(s) +380-654

Livadiya (Ukrainian: Лівадія, Russian: Ливадия, Crimean Tatar: Livadiia) is an urban-type settlement in Yalta Municipality of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, a territory recognized by a majority of countries as part of Ukraine and incorporated by Russia as the Republic of Crimea. It is located 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) west of Yalta. Population: 1,634 (2013 population estimate)[2].

History[edit]

A minor Crimean Tatar settlement in the Middle Ages, Livadiya was named thus by Lambros Katsonis, a Greek revolutionary and Imperial Russian Army officer, after Livadeia, Greece, the town he was born in, then part of the Ottoman Empire. Katsonis had been granted an estate there by Empress Catherine II, which he named thus.[3]

The estate later passed to the possession of the Potocki family and then, in 1861, it became a summer residence of the Russian tsars. Emperor Alexander III of Russia died there in 1894.

Livadia Palace used to rival the Vorontsov Palace in Alupka as the most luxurious residence in Crimea.

The Livadia Palace, built in 1910-11, is now a museum. It was formerly a summer palace of the last Russian Imperial family. In 1945, it served as the meeting place of the Yalta Conference and residence of Franklin Delano Roosevelt during the Conference. Nowadays, Livadiia is known primarily for producing wine and is also a noted health resort.

Namesakes[edit]

A minor planet 3006 Livadia discovered by Soviet astronomer Nikolai Stepanovich Chernykh in 1979 is named after the suburb.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ This place is located on the Crimean Peninsula, most of which is the subject of a territorial dispute between Russia and Ukraine. According to the political division of Russia, located on the peninsula are the federal subjects of the Russian Federation (the Republic of Crimea and the federal city of Sevastopol). According to the administrative-territorial division of Ukraine, located on the peninsula are the Ukrainian divisions (the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city with special status of Sevastopol).
  2. ^ "Чисельність наявного населення України" (in Ukrainian). State Service of Statistics. Retrieved 6 May 2014. 
  3. ^ "Official website of Livadiya" (in Russian).  Panos Stamou. "Εκδηλώσεις - Δραστηριότητες" [Events - Activities] (in Greek). Official web page of the Lambros Katsonis Society of the Livadians (Σύλλογος Λεβαδέων "Ο Λάμπρος Κατσώνης").  Panos Stamou (undated, c. 2007). Προσέγγιση ιστορικής προσωπικότητας μέσα από Αρχειακές πηγές: Περίπτωση Λάμπρου Κατσώνη [Approaching the historic person through archival sources: The case of Lampros Katsonis] (DOC) (in Greek). Hellenic Cultural Center (Moscow).  Check date values in: |date= (help) See also the Lambros Katsonis articles in the Russian and Ukrainian language Wikipedia, respectivelly.
  4. ^ Dictionary of Minor Planet Names - p.247

External links[edit]