Live Under the Sky by the V.S.O.P. Quintet was performed live in Japan over two days. The first day, which took place during a furious rainstorm, was broadcast live on national television. The original release featured the first day, while the 2004 re-master/re-release (fully for the first time in the United States) also featured the second concert. This, the fourth VSOP release, once again featured Wayne Shorter, Tony Williams, Ron Carter and Freddie Hubbard.
The songs in this concert feature a song from Hancock's usual set of "Eye of The Hurricane" and also an original for the concert "Domo", Carter's contributions of "Tear Drop" and "Fragile", Williams' "Para Oriente" and "Pee Wee" and Hubbard's "One of Another Kind". Shorter and Hancock came out during the second concert, for an encore performance of classic jazz standards "Stella by Starlight" and "On Green Dolphin Street". The band, already exhausted after the second concert did not want to come out for an encore, so Hancock and Shorter came out by themselves and played.
"Stella by Starlight" and "On Green Dolphin Street" appears as one continuous song on the Herbie Hancock Box set released in 2002, which became the first time that any song from the concert was released publicily in North America. The album was released in 2004 in the United States for the first time in history.