Liverpool Exchange (UK Parliament constituency)

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Liverpool Exchange
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
18851974 (1974)
Number of members One
Replaced by Liverpool Scotland Exchange
Created from Liverpool

Liverpool Exchange was a borough constituency within the city of Liverpool in England, centred on Liverpool Exchange railway station. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first past the post system.

The constituency was created under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 for the 1885 general election. It was abolished for the February 1974 election, when it was merged with Liverpool Scotland to form Liverpool Scotland Exchange.

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency covered the centre of the city of Liverpool, bordering on the River Mersey. It included the commercial area of the city, as well as poorer housing.

1885-1918[edit]

The Exchange Ward, with a significant Conservative business vote, was combined with the St Anne's and Vauxhall wards (which were more Liberal and contained a substantial Irish vote).

The Scotland division, to the north of this seat, was more heavily Irish and returned an Irish Nationalist MP. Exchange was a Liberal/Conservative and Allies marginal constituency and its elections were influenced by what guidance the electors were given by Nationalist leaders.

1918-1950[edit]

In this period the seat was defined as comprising the Abercromby, Castle Street, Exchange, Great George, St Anne's, St Peter's, and Vauxhall wards.

In this era the area was represented by Conservative Members of Parliament, until the Labour Party captured the seat in 1945.

1950-1955[edit]

Brunswick, and Granby wards were added to those previously in the seat.

1955-1974[edit]

The constituency comprised Abercromby, Central, Granby, Low Hill, and St James wards.

In the redistribution which took effect in 1974, this seat disappeared. However the successor constituency was named Liverpool Scotland Exchange, combining as it did the central and northern riverside parts of the city.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[1] Party[2][3]
1885 Laurence Richardson Baily Conservative
1886 David Duncan Liberal
1887 by-election Ralph Neville Liberal
1895 John Charles Bigham Liberal Unionist
1897 by-election Charles McArthur Liberal Unionist
1906 Richard Robert Cherry Liberal
Jan 1910 Max Muspratt Liberal
Dec 1910 Sir Leslie Frederic Scott Conservative
1929 Sir James Philip Reynolds, Bt. Conservative
1933 by-election John Joseph Shute Conservative
1945 Bessie Braddock Labour
1970 Robert Parry Labour
Feb 1974 constituency abolished

Election results[edit]

Elections 1950–1970[edit]

General Election 1970: Liverpool Exchange
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Robert Parry 12,995 70.6 −3.1
Conservative Anthony G. Phillips 4,638 25.2 −1.1
Communist Roger O'Hara 775 4.2 N/A
Majority 8,357 45.4
Turnout 18,408 53.4 +2.7
Labour hold Swing −1.0
General Election 1966: Liverpool Exchange
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Bessie Braddock 15,089 73.7 +3.6
Conservative B.V. Groombridge 5,372 26.3 −3.6
Majority 9,717 47.5
Turnout 20,461 50.7 −3.7
Labour hold Swing +3.6
General Election 1964: Liverpool Exchange
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Bessie Braddock 16,985 70.1 +8.8
Conservative Vincent Burke 7,239 29.9 −8.8
Majority 9,746 40.2
Turnout 24,224 54.4 −6.1
Labour hold Swing +8.8
General Election 1959: Liverpool Exchange
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Bessie Braddock 18,916 61.3 +5.2
Conservative T Beattie-Edwards 11,945 38.7 +3.3
Majority 6,971 22.6
Turnout 30,861 60.5 −2.0
Labour hold Swing +1.0
General Election 1955: Liverpool Exchange
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Bessie Braddock 19,457 56.1 −4.3
Conservative A.E. Papworth 12,271 35.4 −4.2
Ind. Labour Party L. Murphy 2,928 8.4 N/A
Majority 7,186 20.7
Turnout 34,656 62.5 −6.7
Labour hold Swing +0.0
General Election 1951: Liverpool Exchange
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Bessie Braddock 19,887 60.4 +3.1
Conservative J.O. Tiernan 13,052 39.6 −2.0
Majority 6,835 20.7
Turnout 32,939 69.2
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1950: Liverpool Exchange
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Bessie Braddock 19,492 57.3 +5.3
Conservative J. Reynolds 14,150 41.6 −6.4
Independent Labour A.G. Cleather 381 1.1 N/A
Majority 5,342 15.7
Turnout 34,023 72.8 +11.9
Labour hold Swing +5.9

Elections 1918–1945[edit]

Election Political result Candidate Party Votes % ±%
General election, July 1945 [3]
Electorate: 26,794
Turnout: 16,323 (60.9%) −4.8
Labour gain from Conservative
Majority: 665 (4.0%)
Swing: 9.2% from Con to Lab
Bessie Braddock Labour 8,494 52.0 +9.2
John Joseph Shute Conservative 7,829 48.0 −9.2
General election, November 1935 [3]
Electorate: 46,404
Turnout: 65.7% (+10.5)
Conservative hold
Majority: 4,412 (14.4%) +4.4
Swing: 2.2% from Con to Lab
John Joseph Shute Conservative 17,439 57.2 +2.2
S. Mahon Labour 13,027 42.8 −2.2
By-election, January 1933 [3]
death of Reynolds
Electorate: 50,060
Turnout: 27,610 (55.2%) −13.8
Conservative hold
Majority: 2,786 (10.0%) −26.6
Swing: 13.8% from Con to Lab
John Joseph Shute Conservative 15,198 55.0 −13.8
Sydney Silverman Labour 12,412 45.0 +13.8
General election, October 1931 [3]
Electorate: 50,638
Turnout: 69.0% (+3.1)
Conservative hold
Majority: 13,144 (37.6%) +37.0
Swing: 18.5% from Lab to Con
Sir James Reynolds, Bt Conservative +18.5
T. McLean Labour 10,894 31.2 −18.5
General election, May 1929 [3]
Electorate: 51,820
Turnout: 34,149 (65.9%) +14.0
Conservative hold
Majority: 209 (0.6%) −0.4
Sir James Reynolds, Bt Conservative 17,179 50.3 +minus;0.2
William Albert Robinson Labour 16,970 49.7 n/a
General election, October 1924 [3] Conservative hold Leslie Scott Conservative unopposed
General election, 1923 [3]
Electorate: 40,221
Turnout: 51.9% (−22.9)
Conservative hold
Majority: 229 (1.0%) −9.8
Swing: 4.9% from Con to IrishNat
Leslie Scott Conservative 10,551 50.5 −4.9
W. Grogan Irish Nationalist 10,322 49.5 +4.9
General election, November 1922 [3]
Electorate: 37,797
Turnout: 28,264 (74.8%) +22.8
Conservative hold
Majority: 3,036 (10.8%) −0.4
Swing: 0.2% from Con to IrishNat
Leslie Scott Conservative 15,650 55.4 −0.2
Joseph Devlin Irish Nationalist 12,614 44.6 +0.2
By-election, March 1922 [3]
Scott appointed as Solicitor General
Conservative hold Leslie Scott Conservative unopposed
General election, December 1918 [3]
Electorate: 35,625
Turnout: 18,511 (52.0%) −28.6
Coalition Conservative hold
Majority: 2,061 (11.2%) +8.0
Leslie Scott Coalition Conservative 10,286 55.6 +4.0
A. Harford Irish Nationalist 8,225 44.4 n/a

Elections 1895–1910[edit]

Election Political result Candidate Party Votes % ±%
General election, December 1910 [2]
Electorate: 5,602
Turnout: 4,517 (80.6%) −1.9
Conservative gain from Liberal
Majority: 143 (3.2%)
Swing: 3.3% from Lib to Con
Leslie Scott Conservative 2,330 51.6 +3.3
Max Muspratt Liberal 2,187 48.4 −3.3
General election, January 1910 [2]
Electorate: 5,602
Turnout: 82.5% (+6.8)
Liberal hold
Majority: 161 (3.4%) +0.6
Swing: 0.3% from Con to Lib
Max Muspratt Liberal 2,392 51.7 +0.3
Leslie Scott Conservative 2,231 48.3 −0.3
General election, 1906 [2]
Electorate: 5,891
Turnout: 4,461 (75.7%) +11.3
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist
Majority: 121 (2.8%)
Swing: 16.4% from LibU to Lib
Richard Cherry Liberal 2,291 51.4 +16.4
Charles McArthur Liberal Unionist 2,170 48.6 −16.4
General election, 1900 [2]
Electorate: 6,718
Turnout: 5,325 (64.4%) −11.6
Liberal Unionist 14.5
Majority: 1,297 (30.0%) +29.0
Swing: 14.5% from Lib to LibU
Charles McArthur Liberal Unionist 2,811 65.0 +14.5
Frederick Verney Liberal 1,514 35.0 −14.5
By-election, November 1897 [2]
resignation of Bigham
Electorate: 7,060
Turnout: 5,368 (76.0%) −2.1
Liberal Unionist hold
Majority: 54 (1.0%) −3.6
Swing: 1.8% from LibU to Lib
Charles McArthur Liberal Unionist 2,711 50.5 −1.8
Russell Rea Liberal 2,657 49.5 +1.8
General election, 1895 [2]
Electorate: 7,063
Turnout: 5,514 (78.1%) +6.6
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal
Majority: 254 (4.6%)
Swing: 2.9% from Lib to LibU
John Bigham Liberal Unionist 2,884 52.3 +2.9
W. B. Bowring Liberal 2,630 47.7 −2.9
General election, 1892 [2]
Electorate: 7,518
Turnout: 5,376 (71.5%) −9.7
Liberal hold
Majority: 66 (1.2%) +1.0
Swing: 0.5% from LibU to Lib
Ralph Neville Liberal 2,721 50.6 +0.5
John Bigham Liberal Unionist 2,655 49.4 −0.5
By-election, January 1887 [2]
death of Duncan
Electorate: 7,911
Turnout: 6,427 (81.2%) +11.8
Liberal hold
Majority: 7 (0.2%) −2.8
Ralph Neville Liberal 3,217 50.1 −1.4
George Goschen Liberal Unionist 3,210 49.9
General election, 1886 [2]
Electorate: 8,171
Turnout: 5,670 (69.4%) −2.9
Liberal gain from Conservative
Majority: 170 (3.0%)
Swing: 1.7% from Con to Lib
David Duncan Liberal 2,920 51.5 +1.7
Laurence Richardson Baily Conservative 2,750 48.5 −1.7
General election, 1885 [2]
new seat
Electorate: 8,171
Turnout: 5,909 (72.3%)
Conservative win
Majority: 55 (1.0%)
Laurence Richardson Baily Conservative 2,964 50.2
William O'Shea Liberal 2,909 49.2
T. E. Stephens Liberal 36 0.6

References[edit]

  1. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "E" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Craig, F. W. S. (1983) [1989]. British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 141. ISBN 0-900178-27-2. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Craig, F. W. S. (1983) [1969]. British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 176. ISBN 0-900178-06-X. 

See also[edit]