Liverpool F.C. in European football

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Liverpool F.C. in European football
A silver trophy with red ribbons on it, set against a green background
The European Champion Clubs' Cup trophy won by Liverpool for a fifth time in 2005
Club Liverpool F.C.
First entry 1964–65 European Cup
Last entry 2014–15 UEFA Champions League
Titles
Champions League
Europa League
Cup Winners' Cup 0
Super Cup

Liverpool Football Club, an English professional association football club, is Britain's most successful team in Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) competitions. Since 1964, they have won eleven European trophies: the UEFA Champions League (formerly known as the European Cup) five times, the UEFA Europa League (formerly known as the UEFA Cup) three times, and the UEFA Super Cup three times.

Qualification for European competitions is determined by a team's success in its domestic league and cup competitions from the previous season. Liverpool competed in European competitions for 21 consecutive seasons until the 1985 European Cup Final, the occasion of the Heysel Stadium disaster, following which the club was banned from European competitions for six seasons. Since being readmitted in 1991, they have qualified for the Champions League (the successor to the European Cup) eight times and the UEFA Cup (the predecessor to the Europa League) seven times.

As a result of their victory in the 2005 UEFA Champions League Final, Liverpool won the European Champion Clubs' Cup trophy outright, and were awarded a multiple winner badge. Only Real Madrid (ten) and Milan (seven) have won the competition on more occasions. Liverpool's total of three UEFA Cup wins has been matched only by Internazionale, Juventus and Sevilla. They have also won the UEFA Super Cup on three occasions, a total only Milan (five) and Barcelona (four) have bettered.

Bob Paisley is the club's most successful manager in Europe, with five trophies. Liverpool's biggest-margin win in Europe is an 11–0 victory over Strømsgodset in the 1974–75 European Cup Winners' Cup. In European competitions, Jamie Carragher holds the club record for the most appearances, with 139, and Steven Gerrard is the club's record goalscorer, with 38 goals.

Background[edit]

For more details on this topic see UEFA competitions

The first continental competition organised by UEFA was the European Cup in 1955. Conceived by Gabriel Hanot, the editor of L'Équipe, as a competition for winners of the European national football leagues, it is considered the most prestigious European football competition.[1][2] When the European Cup was first played, Liverpool were in the Second Division, following relegation from the First Division after the 1953–54 season, and thus were ineligible for the competition.[3] During their time in the Second Division, two further competitions were created: the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup and UEFA Cup Winners' Cup. Established in 1955, the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup was later re-branded as the UEFA Cup when it came under the auspices of UEFA in 1971.[4] Since the 2009–10 season, the competition has been known as the UEFA Europa League.[5] The UEFA Cup Winners' Cup was inaugurated in 1960 for the winners of domestic cup competitions.[4]

In 1962 Liverpool were promoted to the First Division. Two years later, they won the Football League championship, thus making their European debut in the 1964–65 European Cup. In the following years, further European competitions were inaugurated. The first, the UEFA Super Cup, was originally a match played between the winners of the European Cup and the Cup Winners' Cup. First established in 1973, it changed formats in 2000; since then, it has been contested between the winners of the Champions League (formerly the European Cup) and the Europa League (formerly the UEFA Cup), following the Cup Winners' Cup amalgamation into the latter.[6] The Intercontinental Cup was a competition for the winners of the European Cup (later, the UEFA Champions League) and the South American equivalent, the Copa Libertadores. Established in 1960, the Intercontinental Cup was jointly organised by UEFA and the Confederación Sudamericana de Fútbol (CONMEBOL). It ran until 2004, when the FIFA Club World Cup, which includes the winners of all six confederations' regional championships replaced it.[7]

History[edit]

First steps in Europe – the Shankly years (1965–74)[edit]

Statue of a man with his arms held aloft
Statue of Bill Shankly outside Anfield. Shankly was the first Liverpool manager to win a European trophy.

Bill Shankly began managing Liverpool in 1959, and it was under him that the team first competed in European competition in 1964–65, qualifying for the European Cup by winning the First Division championship the previous season.[8] The club's first opponents were Knattspyrnufélag Reykjavíkur of Iceland, who they played in the preliminary round. Liverpool won 11–1 on aggregate. The next round, against Belgian club Anderlecht, was the first time in Liverpool's history that they wore their now common all-red strip. The decision was made to change from red shirts, white shorts and socks by Shankly, who wanted his players to make more of a psychological impact on opponents.[9] They beat Anderlecht and progressed to the semi-finals, where they met Italian team Internazionale. Before the first leg at Anfield, Shankly asked two injured players to parade the FA Cup, which Liverpool had won the previous week, to intimidate the Italians.[10] The team won the match 3–1,[11] but Inter won the second leg 3–0, securing a 4–3 aggregate victory. The second leg was controversial; Shankly described it as "a war".[12] He felt that the referee, Jose Maria Ortiz de Mendibel, had shown bias towards Internazionale,[13] and the Liverpool players felt cheated by his decisions.[12] The club's 1964–65 FA Cup victory ensured qualification for the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup the following season, and in that competition, they reached their first European final. Borussia Dortmund, Liverpool's opponents, employed counter-attacking tactics that had paid dividends in previous rounds and did so again, with the West Germans beating Liverpool 2–1 after extra time.[14]

In the next four seasons, they competed in the European Cup and Inter-Cities Fairs Cup, but failed to progress past the third round in either competition.[15] A tie against Dutch team Ajax during the 1966–67 European Cup was to prove pivotal in the history of Liverpool in European competition.[16] Ajax beat Liverpool 7–3 on aggregate; however, the style of football that Ajax played – a patient passing game, inspired by Johann Cruyff – convinced Shankly that Liverpool had to replicate this style to be successful in Europe.[17] Liverpool reached the semi-finals of the 1970–71 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup, losing 1–0 on aggregate to Leeds United.[18] They competed in the 1971–72 European Cup Winners' Cup, despite losing the 1971 FA Cup Final, as the FA Cup winners, Arsenal, had also qualified for the European Cup by winning the league championship. Liverpool were eliminated in the second round by Bayern Munich of Germany, losing 3–1 on aggregate.[19]

The changes made to Liverpool's tactics came to fruition during the 1972–73 UEFA Cup. The club reached their second European final, where they faced Borussia Mönchengladbach of Germany. Liverpool won the first leg 3–0 as a result of two goals from Kevin Keegan and one from Larry Lloyd. Victory in this first leg meant Liverpool only needed to avoid losing by three or more goals in order to win the final. This influenced their tactics – The Times reported that Liverpool employed a "holding action" against the "attacking Germans".[20] The tactics worked, allowing Mönchengladbach only two goals, granting Liverpool a 3–2 aggregate victory.[21] Liverpool also won the First Division championship that season, and as a result qualified for the 1973–74 European Cup, where they were eliminated in the second round by Red Star Belgrade of Yugoslavia. At the end of that season, Shankly retired.[22]

European domination – the Paisley years (1974–83)[edit]

Shankly was succeeded by his assistant, Bob Paisley, in 1974.[23] Liverpool competed in the Cup Winners' Cup during Paisley's first season and defeated Strømsgodset of Norway 11–0 at Anfield. This remains the club's largest margin of victory in all matches.[24] They lost in the next round to Hungarian side Ferencváros on the away goals rule. In 1975–76 the club entered the UEFA Cup after a second-place finish in the First Division. Victories over Hibernian (Scotland), Real Sociedad (Spain), Śląsk Wrocław (Poland), Dynamo Dresden (East Germany) and FC Barcelona (Spain) took Liverpool to their third European final. Crucial to their progress was goalkeeper Ray Clemence, who made two important penalty saves against Hibernian and Dresden, saving Liverpool from elimination on the away goals rule on both occasions.[25] Their opponents in the final were Club Brugge of Belgium. Liverpool recovered from a two-goal deficit to win the first leg at Anfield 3–2, with Ray Kennedy, Jimmy Case, and Keegan scoring a goal each in a span of six minutes. A 1–1 draw at the Jan Breydel Stadion in Bruges meant Liverpool won 4–3 on aggregate, earning their second UEFA Cup.[26]

A set of gates with the inscription "Paisley Gateway" at the top. In the middle of the sets of gates are two emblems
The Paisley Gateway is a tribute to former manager Bob Paisley, who won a record three European Cups—and three European trophies in successive seasons—as Liverpool manager.

As the 1975–76 league champions, the club entered the 1976–77 European Cup. They defeated Crusaders of Northern Ireland and Trabzonspor of Turkey to reach the quarter-finals, where they faced the runners-up from the previous season, Saint-Étienne. The French team won the first leg 1–0. The second leg at Anfield began well for Liverpool when Keegan scored in the first two minutes. Saint-Étienne equalised to make the score 2–1 on aggregate in their favour. Kennedy scored for Liverpool, but the away goals rule meant they still needed another goal to win the tie. With six minutes remaining, David Fairclough was brought on to replace John Toshack; he immediately scored in front of the Kop, ensuring a 3–2 aggregate victory for Liverpool.[27] In the semi-finals, they defeated FC Zürich of Switzerland 6–1 on aggregate to reach the final, where they met their opponents from the 1973 UEFA Cup Final, Borussia Mönchengladbach. The final was held in Rome, four days after the club had lost the 1977 FA Cup Final to Manchester United. Before the match, Paisley announced that striker Toshack would be fit to start; however, he was not named in the matchday squad. This change upset the Germans' game plan and allowed Keegan to torment his marker, Berti Vogts.[28] Liverpool won 3–1 to become European champions for the first time.[29]

By winning the European Cup, they qualified for the European Super Cup and played the winners of the Cup Winners' Cup, German team Hamburg, who had just signed Keegan.[30] Liverpool won the tie 7–1 on aggregate.[31] Liverpool entered the 1977–78 European Cup as champions and received a bye in the first round. They defeated Dynamo Dresden and Portuguese team Benfica in the second round and quarter-finals, respectively. In the semi-final, the club again met Borussia Mönchengladbach, who won the first leg 2–1. Liverpool won the second leg 3–0, progressing to a second successive European Cup final, this time against Club Brugge at Wembley Stadium in London. In the final Kenny Dalglish, who had been signed to replace Keegan, scored the winning goal after receiving the ball from a Graeme Souness pass. The 1–0 victory meant Liverpool became the first British team to retain the European Cup.[32] They faced Anderlecht in the 1978 European Super Cup, but failed to retain the trophy, losing 4–3 on aggregate against the Belgian side.[33] Liverpool were eliminated in the first round of the 1978–79 European Cup by English champions Nottingham Forest. Nottingham Forest won the tie 2–0 on aggregate, and went on to win the competition.[34] Liverpool entered the 1979–80 European Cup as English champions but were again eliminated in the first round, this time beaten 4–2 on aggregate by Dinamo Tbilisi of the Soviet Union.[35]

Liverpool participated in the 1980–81 European Cup as English league champions, defeating Finnish champions Oulun Palloseura, Scottish club Aberdeen and CSKA Sofia of Bulgaria to qualify for the semi-finals, where they faced three-time champions Bayern Munich. The first leg at Anfield finished goalless. In the second leg at the Olympiastadion in Munich, Ray Kennedy scored in the 83rd minute and, although the German side equalised, Liverpool went through to the final on the away goals rule.[36] They faced Spanish side Real Madrid in the final, held at the Parc des Princes in Paris. Alan Kennedy scored the only goal to give Liverpool a 1–0 victory, which secured the club's—and Paisley's—third European Cup. As champions of Europe, Liverpool competed in the Intercontinental Cup against South American champions Flamengo of Brazil. Liverpool lost the match 3–0.[37] The club's defence of the European Cup in 1981–82 was ended by CSKA Sofia in the quarter-finals.[38] Another quarter-final exit occurred in the 1982–83 European Cup when Polish club Widzew Łódź eliminated Liverpool 4–3 on aggregate.[39] Paisley retired as manager at the end of the season and was succeeded by his assistant, Joe Fagan.[40]

Triumph and tragedy – the Fagan years (1983–85)[edit]

Four trophies inside a glass cabinet. The trophies have ribbons on them and there is memorabilia next to them
Replicas of the four European Cups Liverpool won from 1977 to 1984 on display in the club's museum

Liverpool entered the 1983–84 European Cup as league champions for the fourth time in five seasons. Victories over Odense of Denmark and Spanish champions Athletic Bilbao brought Liverpool to face Portuguese champions Benfica in the quarter-finals.[41] Liverpool won the first leg at Anfield 1–0. In the second leg, their tactic of withdrawing Dalglish into midfield put Benfica's game plan into disarray,[42] leading to a 4–1 match victory and a 5–1 aggregate victory. Their opponents in the semi-finals were Dinamo Bucharest of Romania. The tie proved a brutal encounter, characterised by Souness breaking the jaw of the Bucharest captain Lică Movilă, and was won 3–1 on aggregate by Liverpool.[42]

Fagan's first season in charge of Liverpool had been a successful one. When they reached their fourth European Cup final, they had already won the Football League Cup and the league championship;[43] victory in the European final against Italian side Roma would complete an unprecedented treble. The final was played at Rome's Stadio Olimpico, and Liverpool went ahead in the 13th minute when Phil Neal scored, though Roma equalised towards the end of the first half. The score remained the same throughout full and extra time; Liverpool won the subsequent penalty shoot-out, with Alan Kennedy scoring the winning penalty after goalkeeper Bruce Grobbelaar had put off Francesco Graziani, causing him to place his penalty over the crossbar.[44] After the game, gangs of Roma fans assaulted Liverpool supporters travelling back to their hotels.[45] Success in the European Cup entitled Liverpool to compete in the 1984 Intercontinental Cup, however they were unable to beat the winners of the Copa Libertadores, Independiente of Argentina, who claimed a 1–0 victory.[46]

Liverpool entered the 1984–85 European Cup as champions, and once again progressed to the final, where their opponents were Juventus of Italy. They aimed to win their fifth European Cup and keep the trophy. The 1985 European Cup Final was held at the Heysel Stadium in Brussels. The choice of venue had been criticised due to the dilapidated state of the stadium, and the club tried to persuade UEFA to change the venue.[47] Before the kick-off, Liverpool fans breached a fence separating the two groups of supporters and charged the Juventus fans. The resulting weight of people caused a retaining wall to collapse, killing 39 people and injuring hundreds more.[48] Despite calls for an abandonment, the match was played, as it was felt that further trouble would be caused otherwise.[49]

Juventus won the match 1–0; Michel Platini scored from the penalty spot to give Juventus their first European Cup.[50] UEFA laid the blame for the incident solely on the Liverpool fans: the official UEFA observer stated, "Only the English fans were responsible. Of that there is no doubt".[51] Three days after the final, UEFA banned all English clubs from European competition for an indefinite period. Liverpool were initially given an additional three-year ban.[50] Fagan retired after the 1984–85 season and was succeeded by Dalglish, who took over as player-manager.[52]

The ban on English clubs in European competitions ultimately lasted for five years, and even when the ban was lifted in 1990, Liverpool were not re-admitted; they had to serve an extra year. The ban prevented them qualifying for the European Cup in 1986 (as league champions and FA Cup winners), the UEFA Cup in 1987 (as league runners-up), the European Cup in 1988 (as league champions), the European Cup Winners' Cup in 1989 (as FA Cup winners) and the European Cup in 1990 (as league champions).[53]

Return to Europe (1991–2004)[edit]

Liverpool were allowed to return to European competition in the 1991–92 season, a year later than other English clubs. They qualified for the UEFA Cup as runners-up in the English league. Their manager by this stage was Graeme Souness, who had taken over towards the end of the previous season following Dalglish's resignation.[54]

Their first match, in the UEFA Cup, was against Finnish side Kuusyi Lahti, which they won 6–1.[55] A 6–2 aggregate victory set up a tie against Auxerre of France in the second round who they beat 3–2 on aggregate.[56] The club defeated Swarovski Tirol of Austria in the third round 6–0 on aggregate before losing to Genoa (Italy) 4–1 over two legs in the quarter finals.[57]

Liverpool's victory over Sunderland in the 1992 FA Cup Final qualified them for the 1992–93 European Cup Winners' Cup, but this campaign was short-lived, as they were eliminated in the second round by Russian side Spartak Moscow.[58] Liverpool finished no higher than sixth in the Premier League during the next two seasons, thus failing to qualify for European competition. In the 1995–96 season, they entered the UEFA Cup, but again progressed no further than the second round, this time losing to Brøndby of Denmark.[59]

As runners-up to League champions Manchester United in the 1996 FA Cup Final, Liverpool were able to compete in the 1996–97 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup. This proved the club's most successful campaign since their return to European competition, as they reached the semi-finals, where they were eliminated 3–2 on aggregate by French team Paris Saint–Germain.[60] In the next two seasons, Liverpool played in the UEFA Cup but were eliminated at an early stage of the competition, by Strasbourg of France and Spanish side Celta de Vigo, respectively.[61][62] A seventh-place finish in the 1998–99 FA Premier League meant the club did not qualify for Europe in 1999–2000.[63]

Having finished fourth in the 1999–2000 FA Premier League, Liverpool qualified for the 2000–01 UEFA Cup. Their victory in this competition marked a record-equalling third win for a club. The entire season was the club's most successful since the 1983–84 season, as they won a cup treble consisting of the UEFA Cup, the FA Cup and the League Cup. Their opponents in the final in Dortmund were Deportivo Alavés of Spain. The match was tied at 4–4 in extra time when Alavés defender Delfí Geli scored an own goal to give Liverpool victory on the golden goal rule. The performance of Gary McAllister, whose free-kick resulted in the winning goal, was praised as "outstanding" by Trevor Brooking.[64] This was the club's first European trophy since their European Cup victory in 1984.[65] As UEFA Cup winners, Liverpool played in the 2001 UEFA Super Cup against Champions League winners Bayern Munich and won 3–2.[66]

In the 2001–02 season, Liverpool returned to the European Cup, now called the UEFA Champions League, for the first time since the Heysel disaster. A 2–0 victory over Roma in the second group stage meant they progressed to the quarter-finals.[67] They faced German club Bayer Leverkusen and won the first leg 1–0. The outlook for the second leg appeared to be to Liverpool's advantage, as their counter-attacking style of play had served them well during away matches throughout the season;[68] however, they lost the second leg 4–2 and were eliminated 4–3 on aggregate.[69]

A second-place finish in the 2001–02 FA Premier League entitled Liverpool to participate in the Champions League for a second successive season, but they only finished third in their group and were eliminated from the competition.[70] The third-place finish meant they entered the 2002–03 UEFA Cup. Liverpool beat Dutch team Vitesse Arnhem and Auxerre to set up an all-British tie with Scottish team Celtic. A 1–1 draw in the first leg meant Liverpool would progress to the semi-finals if they did not concede a goal in the second leg at Anfield. However, Celtic scored before half-time and again in the second half to win 3–1 on aggregate.[71]

Liverpool entered the UEFA Cup for the 2003–04 season, after Chelsea beat them on the final day of the previous league season to claim the fourth place needed to qualify for the Champions League.[72] Liverpool were eliminated in the fourth round by eventual runners-up Marseille of France. At the end of the season, manager Gérard Houllier was replaced by Rafael Benítez.[73]

Renewed European success – the Benítez years (2004–10)[edit]

A stand of people standing up holding a mosiac which spells out Amicizia
Fans in the Kop hold a mosaic during the match with Juventus, 6 April 2005. Amicizia means "friendship" in Italian.

Liverpool had finished fourth in the 2003–04 season, which qualified them to compete in the Champions League in the 2004–05 season. A poor start in the group stages, with two losses in their first five games, had the club facing elimination; however, a 3–1 victory over Greek side Olympiacos eventually ensured their passage to the knock-out rounds. Liverpool beat Bayer Leverkusen and Juventus to reach the semi-finals, and progressed to the final after they beat Chelsea 1–0 on aggregate; the goal scored by Luis García was referred to as a "ghost goal" by Chelsea manager José Mourinho, as it was unclear whether the ball crossed the goal line.[74] Liverpool's performances in Europe contrasted strongly with their league form, where they struggled to finish in the top-four and thus ensure qualification for the next Champions League season.[75]

Liverpool faced six-time European champions Milan in the final at the Atatürk Stadium in Istanbul on 25 May 2005. Trailing 3–0 at half-time, they scored three goals in a six-minute spell in the second half to level the score at 3–3. There were no goals during extra time, so the match was decided by a penalty shoot-out. With the shoot-out score at 3–2, Liverpool goalkeeper Jerzy Dudek saved Andriy Shevchenko's penalty to give Liverpool victory.[76] The nature of Liverpool's comeback victory has led to the match being referred to as the "miracle of Istanbul."[77] As this was the club's fifth European Cup victory, Liverpool were allowed to keep the European Champion Clubs' Cup permanently, and a new trophy was commissioned for the following year's competition.[78] The victory also entitled Liverpool to compete in the 2005 UEFA Super Cup at Stade Louis II, Monaco in August. They defeated UEFA Cup winners CSKA Moscow of Russia 3–1 to win their third Super Cup.[79] Their success in the Champions League meant Liverpool also qualified for the 2005 FIFA Club World Championship, where they lost 1–0 in the final to Brazilian team São Paulo.[80]

A fifth-place finish in the Premier League in 2004–05 meant Liverpool were not guaranteed entry into the Champions League, and faced the prospect of not being able to defend their European title. UEFA eventually ruled that they would be allowed to do so, but would be required to start in the first qualifying round, with no country protection, meaning they could face a team from England in the group stages.[81] This turned out to be the case—Liverpool advanced through three qualifying rounds and were drawn with Chelsea in the group stages. They progressed from their group as winners but were beaten by Benfica in the first knock-out round.[82]

In the 2006–07 UEFA Champions League, Liverpool progressed from the group stages and beat holders Barcelona, Dutch team PSV Eindhoven and Chelsea to face Milan in a rematch of the 2005 final.[83] The Liverpool team, which contained only five players from the 2005 final, enjoyed more possession than in 2005,[84] but two goals from Filippo Inzaghi gave Milan their seventh European Cup in a 2–1 win.[85]

A line of people on a field, behind them are three red banners. In the background is a stand with three tiers
Liverpool and Arsenal players line up before the 2008 UEFA Champions League quarter-final

Liverpool were eliminated from the 2007–08 UEFA Champions League in the semi-finals by Chelsea, who they had beaten in the semi-finals in 2005 and 2007. A fourth-place finish in the 2007–08 Premier League secured their entry into the 2008–09 UEFA Champions League. Liverpool reached the quarter-finals and again faced Chelsea, but lost 7–5 on aggregate.[86]

A second-place finish in the 2008–09 Premier League entitled Liverpool to compete in the 2009–10 UEFA Champions League, but their campaign was short-lived; they finished third in their group, and were eliminated from the competition. They entered the 2009–10 UEFA Europa League, progressing to the semi-finals, where they were eliminated by eventual winners Atlético Madrid of Spain on the away goals rule after the tie finished 2–2 on aggregate.[87]

Decline (2010–13)[edit]

Benítez left the club at the end of the 2009–10 season and was replaced by Roy Hodgson.[88] A seventh-place finish in the 2009–10 Premier League meant Liverpool would be competing in the 2010–11 UEFA Europa League. They beat Rabotnički (Macedonia) and Trabzonspor (Turkey) to progress to the 2010–11 UEFA Europa League group stage, where Liverpool were drawn alongside Italian club Napoli, Dutch team Utrecht and Romanian team Steaua Bucureşti. They won two games and drew four to finish top of their group with 10 points and progress to the round of 32.[89] They were drawn against Czech club Sparta Prague in the next round. Before the tie was played, Hodgson was replaced by former manager Kenny Dalglish, who initially served as a caretaker manager.[90] A 1–0 aggregate victory ensured progression to the round of 16, in which Liverpool lost 1–0 on aggregate to eventual runners-up Braga of Portugal.[91] A sixth-place finish in the 2010–11 Premier League meant the club failed to qualify for European competition for the first time since 1999,[92] but victory in the 2012 Football League Cup Final ensured Liverpool a place in the 2012–13 UEFA Europa League.[93]

Liverpool qualified for the Knockout phase of the 2012–13 UEFA Europa League after winning their group at the group stage, but were eliminated from the competition at the round of 32 by Zenit Saint Petersburg on the away goals rule after a 0-2 loss away and a 3-1 win at home.[94] Finishing seventh in 2012–13 Premier League and not winning any of the domestic trophies meant that Liverpool failed to qualify for any European competition in the 2013–14 season.

Return (2014–present)[edit]

Having finished second in the 2013–14 Premier League, Liverpool qualified for the group stage of the 2014–15 UEFA Champions League.[95]

Records[edit]

  • Most appearances in European competition: Jamie Carragher, 150[96]
  • Most goals in European competition: Steven Gerrard, 39[97]
  • First European match: Liverpool 6–0 Knattspyrnufélag Reykjavíkur, European Cup, first round, 17 August 1964[98]
  • First goal scored in Europe: Gordon Wallace, against KR Reykjavik[99]
  • Biggest win: Liverpool 11–0 Strømsgodset, in the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, 17 September 1974[98]
  • Biggest defeat: Liverpool 1–5 Ajax, in the European Cup, 7 December 1966[100]
  • Highest European home attendance: 55,104, against Barcelona in the 1975–76 UEFA Cup[101]
  • Lowest European home attendance: 12,021 against Dundalk in the 1982–83 European Cup[101]

By season[edit]

Key

Liverpool F.C. record in European football by season[102][103][104]
Season Competition P W D L F A Round
1964–65 European Cup 9 5 3 1 18 5 SF
1965–66 European Cup Winners' Cup 9 5 1 3 12 6 Runners-up
1966–67 European Cup 4 1 1 2 6 8 R2
1967–68 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup 6 3 0 3 13 5 R3
1968–69 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup 1 3 0 1 3 3 R1
1969–70 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup 4 3 0 1 17 3 R2
1970–71 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup 10 5 4 1 13 4 SF
1971–72 European Cup Winners' Cup 4 1 1 2 4 5 R2
1972–73 UEFA Cup 12 8 2 2 17 6 Winners
1973–74 European Cup 4 1 1 2 5 5 R2
1974–75 European Cup Winners' Cup 4 2 2 0 12 1 R2
1975–76 UEFA Cup 12 8 3 1 25 8 Winners
1976–77 European Cup 9 7 0 2 22 5 Winners
1977 European Super Cup 2 1 1 0 7 1 Winners
1977–78 European Cup 7 5 0 2 17 7 Winners
1978 European Super Cup 2 1 0 1 3 4 Runners-up
1978–79 European Cup 2 0 1 1 0 2 R1
1979–80 European Cup 2 1 0 1 2 4 R1
1980–81 European Cup 9 6 3 0 24 4 Winners
1981 Intercontinental Cup 1 0 0 1 0 3 Runners-up
1981–82 European Cup 6 4 1 1 14 6 QF
1982–83 European Cup 6 4 0 2 13 6 QF
1983–84 European Cup 9 7 2 0 16 3 Winners
1984 European Super Cup 1 0 0 1 0 2 Runners-up
1984 Intercontinental Cup 1 0 0 1 0 1 Runners-up
1984–85 European Cup 9 6 1 2 18 5 Runners-up
1991–92 UEFA Cup 8 4 0 4 16 8 QF
1992–93 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 4 2 0 2 10 8 R2
1995–96 UEFA Cup 4 1 2 1 2 2 R2
1996–97 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 8 6 1 1 18 9 SF
1997–98 UEFA Cup 4 1 2 1 4 5 R2
1998–99 UEFA Cup 6 2 2 2 11 5 R3
2000–01 UEFA Cup 13 8 4 1 19 9 Winners
2001 UEFA Super Cup 1 1 0 0 3 2 Winners
2001–02 UEFA Champions League 14 5 7 2 14 11 QF
2002–03 UEFA Champions League 6 2 2 2 12 8 Grp
2002–03 UEFA Cup 6 4 1 1 6 3 QF
2003–04 UEFA Cup 8 4 3 1 14 7 R4
2004–05 UEFA Champions League 15 8 3 4 14 11 Winners
2005 UEFA Super Cup 1 1 0 0 3 1 Winners
2005 FIFA Club World Cup 2 1 0 1 3 1 Runners-up
2005–06 UEFA Champions League 14 8 3 3 20 7 R16
2006–07 UEFA Champions League 15 8 4 3 23 12 Runners-up
2007–08 UEFA Champions League 14 8 3 3 34 11 SF
2008–09 UEFA Champions League 12 7 4 1 22 12 QF
2009–10 UEFA Champions League 6 2 1 3 5 7 Grp
2009–10 UEFA Europa League 8 5 0 3 14 8 SF
2010–11 UEFA Europa League 14 7 6 1 16 5 R16
2012–13 UEFA Europa League 12 7 2 3 20 13 R32

By competition[edit]

Liverpool F.C. record in European football by competition[105]
Competition P W D L F A
European Cup/UEFA Champions League 175 99 39 37 317 144
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 29 16 5 8 57 29
UEFA Cup/UEFA Europa League 107 59 27 21 166 80
Inter-Cities Fairs Cup 22 12 4 6 46 15
UEFA Super Cup 7 4 1 2 16 10
Intercontinental Cup 2 0 0 2 0 4
FIFA Club World Cup 2 1 0 1 3 1
Total 344 191 76 77 605 283

By country[edit]

Liverpool F.C. record in Continental football by country[106]
Country[a] Pld W D L F A GD Win%
 Argentina 1 0 0 1 0 1 -1 00.00
 Austria 6 4 1 1 13 3 +10 66.67
 Belarus 2 2 0 0 4 0 +4 100.000
 Belgium 13 10 2 1 22 9 +13 76.92
 Brazil 2 0 0 2 0 4 -4 00.00
 Bulgaria 8 6 0 2 16 7 +9 75.00
 Costa Rica 1 1 0 0 3 0 +3 100.000
 Cyprus 2 2 0 0 8 2 +6 100.000
 Czech Republic 4 3 1 0 5 2 +3 75.00
 Denmark 4 2 1 1 6 1 +5 50.00
 England 18 4 8 6 17 19 -2 22.22
 Finland 12 9 2 1 43 7 +36 75.00
 France 26 15 2 9 38 20 +18 57.69
 Germany 36 17 12 7 65 30 +35 47.22
 Georgia 2 1 0 1 2 4 -2 50.00
 Greece 8 6 1 1 18 5 +13 75.00
 Hungary 10 4 4 2 7 4 +3 40.00
 Iceland 2 2 0 0 11 1 +10 100.000
 Ireland 4 4 0 0 19 1 +18 100.000
 Israel 2 1 1 0 3 2 +1 50.00
 Italy 25 9 7 9 27 28 -1 36.00
 Lithuania 2 2 0 0 5 1 +4 100.000
 Luxembourg 2 1 1 0 3 1 +2 50.00
 Macedonia 2 2 0 0 4 0 +4 100.000
 Netherlands 14 8 5 1 22 12 +10 57.14
 Northern Ireland 2 2 0 0 7 0 +7 100.000
 Norway 4 3 1 0 16 1 +15 75.00
 Poland 6 5 0 1 13 5 +8 83.33
 Portugal 20 9 5 6 31 19 +12 45.00
 Romania 15 10 4 1 24 9 +15 66.67
 Russia 11 6 1 4 19 13 +6 54.55
 Scotland 14 7 4 3 18 9 +9 50.00
 Serbia 2 0 0 2 2 4 -2 00.00
 Slovakia 2 2 0 0 8 0 +8 100.000
 Slovenia 2 1 1 0 4 1 +3 50.00
 Spain 32 14 10 8 40 28 +12 43.75
 Sweden 2 2 0 0 4 1 +3 100.000
  Switzerland 10 6 3 1 28 16 +12 60.00
 Turkey 10 5 2 3 21 10 +11 50.00
 Ukraine 2 2 0 0 3 1 +2 100.000
 Wales 2 2 0 0 6 0 +6 100.000

Honours[edit]

Liverpool F.C. honours in European competition
Honour No. Years
European Cup/UEFA Champions League 5 1977, 1978, 1981, 1984, 2005
UEFA Cup 3 1973, 1976, 2001
UEFA Super Cup 3 1977, 2001, 2005

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The table excludes former nations such as East Germany and the Soviet Union.

References[edit]

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Bibliography[edit]

  • Graham, Matthew (1985). Liverpool. Twickenham: Hamlyn Publishing Group Ltd. ISBN 0-600-50254-6. 
  • Kelly, Stephen F. (1988). The Official Illustrated History of Liverpool FC: You'll Never Walk Alone. London: Queen Anne Press. ISBN 0-356-19594-5. 
  • Liversedge, Stan (1991). Liverpool:The Official Centenary History. London: Hamlyn Publishing Group Ltd. ISBN 0-600-57308-7. 
  • Moore, Glenn (2000). The Concise Encyclopedia of World Football. London: Parragon. ISBN 0-7525-4466-7. 
  • Ponting, Ivan; Hale, Steve (1992). Liverpool in Europe. Enfield: Guinness. ISBN 0-85112-569-7. 

External links[edit]