Liverpool Garston (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 53°21′32″N 2°51′50″W / 53.359°N 2.864°W / 53.359; -2.864

Liverpool Garston
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Liverpool Garston in Merseyside for the 2005 general election.
Outline map
Location of Merseyside within England.
County Merseyside
19502010
Number of members One
Replaced by Garston and Halewood
European Parliament constituency North West England

Liverpool Garston was a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

Boundaries[edit]

1983-1997: The City of Liverpool wards of Allerton, Netherley, St Mary's, Speke, Valley, and Woolton.

1997-2010: The City of Liverpool wards of Allerton, Grassendale, Netherley, St Mary's, Speke, Valley, and Woolton.

The constituency was one of five covering the city of Liverpool, covering the southern part of the city. As well as Garston, it contained areas such as Allerton, Netherley, Speke and Woolton. Liverpool John Lennon Airport was located in the constituency.

The Liverpool Garston seat was abolished at the 2010 general election following boundary changes. It was replaced with a new Garston and Halewood constituency, also covering part of the Knowsley borough.

History[edit]

The Labour Party held Liverpool Garston from the 1983 general election until the constituency was abolished. Prior to that time the constituency was a fairly safe Conservative seat until Labour gained it in 1974, with the Conservatives regaining it in 1979 for the last time. The Conservative share of the vote declined to less than 10% in the 2005 election, when they came third behind the Liberal Democrats.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member [1] Party
1950 Victor Raikes Conservative
1957 by-election Richard Bingham Conservative
1966 Tim Fortescue Conservative
Feb 1974 Eddie Loyden Labour
1979 Malcolm Thornton Conservative
1983 Eddie Loyden Labour
1997 Maria Eagle Labour
2010 Constituency abolished: see Garston and Halewood

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Liverpool Garston
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Maria Eagle 18,900 54.0 −7.4
Liberal Democrat Mrs. Paula Clare Keaveney 11,707 33.5 +10.4
Conservative Amber Rudd 3,424 9.8 −5.7
UKIP Kevin B. Kearney 780 2.2 N/A
Workers Revolutionary Dave C. Oatley 163 0.5 N/A
Majority 7,193 20.6
Turnout 34,974 54.9 +4.7
Labour hold Swing −8.9
General Election 2001: Liverpool Garston
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Maria Eagle 20,043 61.4 +0.1
Liberal Democrat Mrs. Paula Clare Keaveney 7,549 23.1 +4.1
Conservative Miss Helen Clare Sutton 5,059 15.5 −0.2
Majority 12,494 38.3
Turnout 32,651 50.2
Labour hold Swing −2.0

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Liverpool Garston
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Maria Eagle 26,667 61.3 +4.2
Liberal Democrat Mrs. Flo Clucas 8,250 19.0 +5.7
Conservative Nigel I. Gordon-Johnson 6,819 15.7 −11.2
Referendum Party Frank Dunne 833 1.9 +1.9
Liberal Gary I. Copeland 666 1.5 −0.7
Natural Law John V. Parsons 127 0.3 −0.2
Socialist Equality Stuart Nolan 120 0.3 N/A
Majority 18,417 42.3
Turnout 38,135 51.6
Labour hold Swing +7.7
General Election 1992: Liverpool Garston[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Eddie Loyden 23,212 57.1 +3.6
Conservative John E. Backhouse 10,933 26.9 +3.0
Liberal Democrat Bill Roberts 5,398 13.3 −9.1
Liberal Tony Conrad 894 2.2 N/A
Natural Law Peter J. Chandler 187 0.5 N/A
Majority 12,279 30.2 +0.5
Turnout 40,624 70.6 −5.1
Labour hold Swing +0.3

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Liverpool Garston
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Eddie Loyden 24,848 53.6 +7.0
Conservative Paul Bernard Feather 11,071 23.9 −14.0
Social Democratic Richard Isaacson 10,370 22.4 +6.9
Workers Revolutionary Kevin Timlin 98 0.2 N/A
Majority 13,777 29.6
Turnout 46,387 75.7
Labour hold Swing +10.5
General Election 1983: Liverpool Garston
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Eddie Loyden 21,450 46.6
Conservative James S. Ross 17,448 37.9
Liberal Rosie Cooper 7,153 15.5
Majority 4,002 8.7
Turnout 46,051 71.6
Labour hold Swing N/A

Note: This constituency underwent major boundary changes in 1983 and so was notionally a hold.

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Liverpool Garston
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Malcolm Thornton 28,105 48.1 +6.0
Labour Eddie Loyden 25,318 43.3 −4.5
Liberal W.J. Davidson 4,890 8.4 −1.7
Workers Revolutionary T. Kelly 142 0.2 N/A
Majority 2,787 4.8
Turnout 58,455 73.8
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +5.3
General Election October 1974: Liverpool Garston
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Eddie Loyden 27,857 47.8 +5.4
Conservative D. Stanley 24,577 42.1 +0.9
Liberal G. Black 5,865 10.1 −6.3
Majority 3,300 5.7
Turnout 58,299 71.9 −2.7
Labour hold Swing +2.3
General Election February 1974: Liverpool Garston
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Eddie Loyden 25,332 42.4 −1.1
Conservative N. Laville 24,651 41.2 −15.8
Liberal G. Black 9,834 16.4 N/A
Majority 681 1.1
Turnout 59,817 74.6 +8.9
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +7.4
General Election 1970: Liverpool Garston
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Tim Fortescue 28,381 57.0 +2.6
Labour Colin J. Smith 21,456 43.5 −2.1
Majority 6,925 13.9 +
Turnout 49,837 65.7 −2.5
Conservative hold Swing +2.4

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Liverpool Garston
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Tim Fortescue 24,716 54.4 +4.6
Labour W.H. Waldron 20,746 45.6 +9.2
Majority 3,970 8.7
Turnout 45,462 68.2 −4.7
Conservative hold Swing −2.3
General Election 1964: Liverpool Garston
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Richard Bingham 24,100 49.8 −14.7
Labour J.D. Hamilton 17,626 36.4 +0.9
Liberal F. Kirk 6,708 13.9 N/A
Majority 6,474 13.4
Turnout 48,434 72.9 −1.5
Conservative hold Swing −7.8

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Liverpool Garston
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Richard Bingham 31,441 64.5 +1.0
Labour B. Crookes 17,284 35.5 −1.0
Majority 14,157 29.1
Turnout 48,725 74.4 +3.4
Conservative hold Swing +1.0
By-election 1957: Liverpool Garston
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Richard Bingham 15,521 49.2 −14.3
Labour I. Levin 11,217 35.6 −0.9
Liberal A. Dennis 4,807 15.2 N/A
Majority 4,304 13.6
Turnout 31,545
Conservative hold Swing −6.7
General Election 1955: Liverpool Garston
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Victor Raikes 28,130 63.5 −1.7
Labour T.E. Nixon 16,161 36.5 +1.7
Majority 11,969 27.0
Turnout 44,291 71.0 −1.7
Conservative hold Swing −1.7
General Election 1951: Liverpool Garston
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Victor Raikes 35,650 65.2 +7.6
Labour A. Morris 19,025 34.8 +3.2
Majority 16,625 30.4
Turnout 54,675 80.0 −4.9
Conservative hold Swing +2.2
General Election 1950: Liverpool Garston

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Victor Raikes 31,750 57.6 N/A
Labour E. Hewitt 17,477 31.6 N/A
Liberal Prof. Walter Lyon Blease 5,966 10.8 N/A
Majority 14,303 25.9 N/A
Turnout 55,163 84.9 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "G" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  2. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010.