Liverpool Scotland (UK Parliament constituency)

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Liverpool Scotland
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
18851974 (1974)
Number of members One
Replaced by Liverpool Scotland Exchange
Created from Liverpool

Liverpool Scotland was a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

It was located within the city of Liverpool in England, centred on Scotland Road.

The constituency was created under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, when the former Liverpool constituency was split into nine divisions. It was abolished for the February 1974 general election, when it was merged with Liverpool Exchange to form the Liverpool Scotland Exchange constituency.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 T.P. O'Connor Irish Nationalist
1929 by-election David Logan Labour
1964 by-election Walter Alldritt Labour
1971 by-election Frank Marsden Labour
Feb 1974 constituency abolished: see Liverpool Scotland Exchange

Liverpool Scotland was characterized by having two MPs of exceptionally long service. T.P. O'Connor served in the constituency for 44 years until his death in 1929, becoming Father of the House in 1918. It was the only constituency outside the island of Ireland ever to return an Irish Nationalist Party MP, and O'Connor continued to be re-elected in Liverpool under this label unopposed, despite the Irish Free State achieving Dominion status in 1922. He was succeeded by the winner of the by-election, David Logan, who served for a further 35 years until his own death in 1964. He was never Father of the House, but he was its oldest sitting member from 1950 until his death.

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency bordered Bootle in the north and Liverpool Exchange in the south. From 1885 to 1918 there were two wards that made up the constituency, Scotland and Vauxhall; these were both full of working-class people, mostly immigrants from Ireland and other parts of Europe, which is why it had a strong Irish Nationalist tradition into the 1920s.

From 1955 the constituency included Sandhills, Melrose, Vauxhall, Everton, Netherfield and St Domingo wards until it was abolished in 1974.

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

By-Election 1971: Liverpool Scotland
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Frank Marsden 6,795 71.3 −3.4
Conservative Barry Porter 1,751 18.4 −6.9
Labour and Anti-Abortion Peter Mahon 981 10.3 N/A
Majority 5,044 52.9
Turnout 9,527
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1970: Liverpool Scotland
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Walter Alldritt 11,074 74.8 +2.7
Conservative Ralph H. Morris 3,740 25.3 +1.3
Majority 7,334 49.5
Turnout 14,814 50.7 −1.0
Labour hold Swing +0.7

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Liverpool Scotland
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Walter Alldritt 14,244 72.1 +3.2
Conservative Ralph H. Morris 4,730 24.0 −4.3
Communist Thomas E. Cassin 779 3.9 +1.1
Majority 9,514 48.2
Turnout 19,753 51.7 −7.9
Labour hold Swing +3.8
General Election 1964: Liverpool Scotland
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Walter Alldritt 17,984 68.9 +7.1
Conservative Brian Mervyn Keefe 7,393 28.3 −9.9
Communist Thomas E. Cassin 725 2.8 N/A
Majority 10,591 40.6
Turnout 26,102 59.6 −2.9
Labour hold Swing +8.5
By-Election 1964: Liverpool Scotland
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Walter Alldritt 13,558 74.3 +12.5
Conservative Brian Mervyn Keefe 4,684 25.7 −12.5
Majority 8,874 48.6
Turnout 18,242
Labour hold Swing +12.5

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Liverpool Scotland
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour David Logan 20,051 61.8 −3.2
Conservative James F. Bradley 12,384 38.2 +3.2
Majority 7,667 23.6
Turnout 32,435 62.5 +2.4
Labour hold Swing −3.2
General Election 1955: Liverpool Scotland
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour David Logan 21,928 65.0 −3.2
Conservative George F. Allanson 11,821 35.0 +3.1
Majority 10,107 30.0
Turnout 33,749 60.1 −11.0
Labour hold Swing −3.2
General Election 1951: Liverpool Scotland
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour David Logan 28,558 68.2 +2.8
Conservative Norman Pannell 13,344 31.9 −1.3
Majority 15,214 36.3
Turnout 41,902 71.1 −3.7
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1950: Liverpool Scotland
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour David Logan 28,087 65.4 N/A
Conservative John Woollam 14,240 33.2 N/A
Communist Jack Coward 615 1.4 N/A
Majority 13,847 32.3 N/A
Turnout 42,942 74.8 N/A
Labour hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

1945 General Election: Liverpool Scotland
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour David Logan unopposed
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Liverpool Scotland
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour David Logan 16,036 65.7 +9.2
Conservative L. H. Wright 8,372 34.3 −3.2
Majority 7,664 31.4 +12.4
Turnout 24,408 64.1 −4.6
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1931: Liverpool Scotland
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour David Logan 15,521 56.5 N/A
Conservative Eric Errington 10,280 37.5 N/A
Communist Leo J. McGree 1,544 5.6 N/A
Independent F. Abraham 99 0.4 N/A
Majority 5,241 19.0 N/A
Turnout 27,444 68.7 N/A
Labour hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

By-Election 1929: Liverpool Scotland
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour David Logan unopposed
Labour gain from Irish Nationalist Swing
1929 General Election: Liverpool Scotland
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Nationalist T. P. O'Connor unopposed
Irish Nationalist hold Swing
1924 General Election: Liverpool Scotland
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Nationalist T. P. O'Connor unopposed
Irish Nationalist hold Swing
1923 General Election: Liverpool Scotland
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Nationalist T. P. O'Connor unopposed
Irish Nationalist hold Swing
1922 General Election: Liverpool Scotland
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Nationalist T. P. O'Connor unopposed
Irish Nationalist hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election December 1918: Liverpool Scotland
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Nationalist T. P. O'Connor unopposed
Irish Nationalist hold Swing
General Election December 1910: Liverpool Scotland
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Nationalist T. P. O'Connor 2,458 78.1 −1.0
Conservative T. O. Ockleston 689 21.9 +1.0
Majority 1,769 56.2 −2.0
Turnout 3,147 59.1 −10.7
Irish Nationalist hold Swing −1.0
General Election January 1910: Liverpool Scotland
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Nationalist T. P. O'Connor 2,943 79.1 +7.6
Conservative A. Moy 776 20.9 −7.6
Majority 2,167 58.2 +15.2
Turnout 3,719 69.8 +1.7
Irish Nationalist hold Swing +7.6

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1906: Liverpool Scotland
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Nationalist T. P. O'Connor 2,808 71.5 +13.6
Conservative A. A. Tobin 1,117 28.5 −13.6
Majority 1,691 43.0 +27.2
Turnout 3,925 68.1 +7.9
Irish Nationalist hold Swing +13.6
General Election 1900: Liverpool Scotland
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Nationalist T. P. O'Connor 2,044 57.9 −1.1
Conservative William Watson Rutherford 1,484 42.1 +1.1
Majority 560 15.8 −2.2
Turnout 3,528 60.2 −1.1
Irish Nationalist hold Swing −1.1

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1895: Liverpool Scotland
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Nationalist T. P. O'Connor 2,089 59.0 −6.3
Conservative W. G. W. Macartney 1,452 41.0 +6.3
Majority 637 18.0 −12.6
Turnout 3,541 61.3 −2.2
Irish Nationalist hold Swing −6.3
General Election 1892: Liverpool Scotland
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Nationalist T. P. O'Connor 2,537 65.3 −1.7
Conservative J. V. V. Fitzgerald 1,347 34.7 +1.7
Majority 1,190 30.6 −3.4
Turnout 3,884 63.5 +2.1
Irish Nationalist hold Swing −1.7

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1886: Liverpool Scotland
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Nationalist T. P. O'Connor 2,911 67.0 +2.1
Liberal Unionist A. Earle 1,431 33.0 −2.1
Majority 1,480 34.0 +4.2
Turnout 4,342 61.4 +2.1
Irish Nationalist hold Swing +2.1
General Election 1885: Liverpool Scotland
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Nationalist T. P. O'Connor 2,724 64.9 N/A
Independent Conservative M.N. Woodard 1,474 35.1 N/A
Majority 1,250 29.8 N/A
Turnout 4,198 59.3 N/A
Irish Nationalist win (new seat)

Sources[edit]

See also[edit]