Liverpool Urban Area

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For the Metropolitan County in England, see Merseyside.
Not to be confused with Liverpool City Region. ‹See Tfd›

Coordinates: 53°24′32″N 2°56′02″W / 53.409°N 2.934°W / 53.409; -2.934

The "Liverpool Urban Area" is a term used by the Office for National Statistics (ONS) to denote the urban area around Liverpool in England, to the east of the River Mersey. The contiguous built-up area extends beyond the area administered by Liverpool City Council into adjoining local authority areas, particularly parts of Sefton and Knowsley. As defined by ONS, the area extends as far east as Haydock and St. Helens.[1]

The Liverpool Urban Area is not the same area as Merseyside (or Greater Merseyside) which includes areas of Wirral on the west bank of the Mersey and Southport.[1]

Settlements[edit]

The Liverpool Urban Area defined by ONS covers Liverpool and its contiguous built-up areas, with a population of 864,122[2] a considerable increase from the 2001 census mainly because of the addition of Rainford and Ashton-in-Makerfield to the urban area. The population of the area was 816,216 in the 2001 census,[3] which was down 2.6% from the 1991 figure of 837,998.[4] The urban area facing Liverpool on the Wirral Peninsula is a separate division known as the Birkenhead Urban Area.[5]

The ONS definition is based purely on physical criteria with a focus on the presence or absence of significant gaps between built-up areas. It therefore extends as far as St Helens and Haydock, but excludes some areas much closer to Liverpool which are separated from it by open spaces. According to the ONS the subcomponents of the Liverpool Urban Area are:

Urban subvision Population (2011)[2] Population (2001)[3] Population (1991)[1]
Liverpool 552,267 469,017 481,786
Bootle 51,394 59,123 65,454
Crosby 50,044 51,789 52,869
Haydock 16,521 16,955 16,705
Huyton-with-Roby 54,766 56,500
Litherland 18,507 22,242 20,905
Prescot 37,911 39,695 37,486
St Helens 102,885 102,629 106,293
Ashton-in-Makerfield 28,762
Rainford 5,831
Total 864,122 816,216 837,998

Notes:

Greater Liverpool[edit]

Greater Liverpool is an informal term used by the Rent Service as one of its Broad Rental Market Areas (BRMA).[6] This area includes such districts outside the Liverpool City Council boundaries as Crosby, Maghull, Prescot and St Helens.

Merseytravel include a similar greater Liverpool area for its Public Transport Map and Guide as seen on its Liverpool area map.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Liverpool Urban Area". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2008-06-30. 
  2. ^ a b "2011 Census - Built-up areas". ONS. Retrieved 29 June 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Key Statistics for urban areas in the North - Contents, Introduction, Tables KS01 - KS08". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2008-06-30. 
  4. ^ "1991 Top 50 Urban Areas". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2008-06-30. 
  5. ^ "Birkenhead Urban Area". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2008-06-30. 
  6. ^ Broad Rental Market Areas (select 'Liverpool' as the Local Authority and hit LA Search - then hit the 'Map' button at the bottom to give map)
  7. ^ Liverpool Area Public Transport Map and Guide