Liverpool Wavertree (UK Parliament constituency)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Liverpool, Wavertree
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Liverpool, Wavertree in Merseyside.
Outline map
Location of Merseyside within England.
County Merseyside
Electorate 61,679 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1997
Member of Parliament Luciana Berger (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from Liverpool Broadgreen, Liverpool Mossley Hill
19181983
Number of members One
Type of constituency Borough constituency
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency North West England

Liverpool, Wavertree is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Luciana Berger of the Labour Party.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

1997-2010: The City of Liverpool wards of Broadgreen, Childwall, Church, Kensington, Old Swan, and Picton.

2010-present: The City of Liverpool wards of Childwall, Church, Kensington and Fairfield, Old Swan, Picton, and Wavertree.

The constituency is one of five covering the city of Liverpool, and covers the localities in the eastern parts of the city such as Wavertree, Broadgreen, Childwall, Edge Hill, Kensington, Fairfield, part of Mossley Hill and Old Swan.

History[edit]

The present Liverpool Wavertree constituency dates from 1997. It contained parts of the former constituencies of Liverpool Broadgreen and Liverpool Mossley Hill. It was held by Jane Kennedy of the Labour Party from 1997 to 2010, the former Broadgreen MP. The Liberal Democrats are the main and realistic challenge to Labour since 1997, as is the case in other Liverpool constituencies - in the 2005 election the Labour lead over the Liberal Democrats was cut from 38 points to 15 points.[2] For the 2010 election Jane Kennedy stood down (retired as an MP) and Luciana Berger was announced as Labour's new candidate, which caused some friction and controversy in the local constituency party, such as concerns that Berger is not locally-rooted (she is originally from North London), and her associations with out-going MP Kennedy.[3]

An earlier Liverpool Wavertree constituency existed until 1983; this seat was a safe Conservative seat. While the Conservatives have fared badly in the new Wavertree constituency (polling under 7% in the 2005 general election), a direct comparison must take into account the differing boundaries since the 1997 recreation,[2] with more inner-city denser housing estates home to constituents on a lower income than the average in the North West.[4]

In the 2010 election, the Liberal Democrats targeting of the seat led to high turnout[5] however it was comfortably held by Labour with a 2.1% swing away from the Liberal Democrats. The unexpected turnout led unusually to one polling station running out of ballot papers.[5] This seat also produced the BNP's worst result for a candidate standing in the 2010 election, their candidate polling just 0.4% of the vote, considerably less than the 5% score needed for retention of a deposit, and bottom out of an unusually high number of candidates for the area, seven.

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1918-1983[edit]

Election Member[6] Party
1918 Nathan Raw Coalition Conservative
1922 Sir Harold Smith Conservative
1923 Hugh Reynolds Rathbone Liberal
1924 John Abraham Tinne Conservative
1931 by-election Ronald Nall-Cain Conservative
1935 by-election Joseph Jackson Cleary Labour
1935 Peter Stapleton Shaw Conservative
1945 Victor Raikes Conservative
1950 John Tilney Conservative
Feb 1974 Anthony Steen Conservative
1983 Constituency abolished

MPs 1997-present[edit]

Election Member[6] Party
1997 Jane Kennedy Labour
2010 Luciana Berger Labour

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2010: Liverpool Wavertree[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Luciana Berger 20,132 53.1 +0.7
Liberal Democrat Colin Eldridge 12,965 34.2 −3.5
Conservative Andrew Garnett 2,830 7.5 +1.0
UKIP Neil Miney 890 2.3 +0.4
Green Rebecca Lawson 598 1.6 N/A
Socialist Labour Kim Singleton 200 0.5 −0.2
BNP Steven McEllenborough 150 0.4 N/A
Majority 7,167 18.9
Turnout 37,914 60.6 12.8
Labour hold Swing +2.1

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Liverpool Wavertree
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jane Kennedy 18,441 52.4 −10.3
Liberal Democrat Colin Eldridge 13,268 37.7 +13.3
Conservative Jason Steen 2,331 6.6 −3.0
UKIP Mark Bill 660 1.9 +0.8
Socialist Labour Gary Theys 244 0.7 −0.4
Democratic Socialist Alliance Paul Filby 227 0.6 −0.5
Majority 5,173 14.7 −23.9
Turnout 35,171 50.8 +6.5
Labour hold Swing -11.8
General Election 2001: Liverpool Wavertree
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jane Kennedy 20,155 62.7 −1.7
Liberal Democrat Christopher Newby 7,836 24.4 +2.9
Conservative Geoffrey Samuel Allen 3,091 9.6 −1.2
Socialist Labour Michael John Lane 359 1.1 N/A
Socialist Alliance Mark Terence O'Brien 349 1.1 N/A
UKIP Neil Lawrence Miney 348 1.1 N/A
Majority 12,319 38.3 −4.6
Turnout 32,138 44.3 −18.4
Labour hold Swing −2.3

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Liverpool Wavertree
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Jane Kennedy 29,592 64.4 N/A
Liberal Democrat Richard Kemp 9,891 21.5 N/A
Conservative Kit Malthouse 4,944 10.8 N/A
Referendum Party Peter Worthington 576 1.3 N/A
Liberal Keith McCullough 391 0.9
ProLife Alliance Racheal Kingsley 346 0.8 N/A
Workers Revolutionary Carole Corkhill 178 0.4 N/A
Majority 19,701 42.9 N/A
Turnout 45,918 62.7 N/A
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Liverpool Wavertree
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Anthony Steen 21,770 50.27
Labour Roy Morris 14,828 34.24
Liberal C. W. Roberts 6,705 15.48
Majority 6,942 16.03
Turnout 73.35
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Liverpool Wavertree
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Anthony Steen 18,971 45.85
Labour Roy Morris 16,216 39.19
Liberal Anthony Limont 6,193 14.97
Majority 2,755 6.66
Turnout 69.29
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Liverpool Wavertree
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Anthony Steen 19,027 43.02
Labour Ian Levin 13,752 31.09
Liberal Cyril Carr 11,450 25.89
Majority 5,275 11.93
Turnout 74.80
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: Liverpool Wavertree
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Tilney 19,127 46.62
Liberal Cyril Carr 11,650 28.39
Labour G. Woodburn 10,253 24.99
Majority 7,477 18.22
Turnout 69.22
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Liverpool Wavertree
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Tilney 19,179 48.58
Labour R. Ashcroft 13,529 34.27
Liberal Cyril Carr 6,771 17.15
Majority 5,650 14.31
Turnout 70.97
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964: Liverpool Wavertree
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Tilney 20,598 49.45
Labour Stanley Thorne 12,338 29.62
Liberal Cyril Carr 8,719 20.93
Majority 8,260 19.83
Turnout 73.74
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Liverpool Wavertree
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Tilney 26,624 63.12
Labour Milicent Aspin 10,392 24.64
Liberal Tom S. Rothwell 5,161 12.24
Majority 16,232 38.49
Turnout 75.75
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Liverpool Wavertree
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Tilney 28,172 69.18
Labour Milicent Aspin 12,552 30.82
Majority 15,620 38.36
Turnout 70.84
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Liverpool Wavertree
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Tilney 28,179 58.85
Labour William Hamling 19,702 41.15
Majority 8,477 17.70
Turnout 78.32
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: Liverpool Wavertree
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Tilney 26,164 52.08
Labour William Hamling 18,559 36.94
Liberal T. J. V. Parry 5,512 10.97
Majority 7,605 15.14
Turnout 82.42
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Liverpool Wavertree
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Henry Victor Raikes 25,470 48.2 −10.3
Labour Derek Maurice Van Abbé 20,249 38.4 −3.1
Liberal Leslie H. Storey 7,063 13.4 N/A
Majority 5,221 9.8 −7.2
Turnout 73.1 −0.1
Conservative hold Swing −3.6

A general election was planned for 1939/1940 but was postponed because of war. By the end of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Liverpool Wavertree
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Peter Stapleton Shaw 26,915 58.5 +27.3
Labour Joseph Jackson Cleary 19,068 41.5 +6.1
Majority 7,847 17.0
Turnout 45,983 73.2 +0.9
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +10.6
Liverpool Wavertree by-election, 6 February 1935
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Joseph Jackson Cleary 15,611 35.3 +13.2
Conservative James Platt 13,711 31.2 −46.7
Independent Conservative Randolph Churchill 10,575 23.9 N/A
Liberal A.Morris 4,208 9.5 N/A
Majority 1,840 4.1
Turnout 44,165 72.3 −2.9
Labour gain from Conservative Swing −30.0
General Election 1931: Liverpool Wavertree
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Ronald Nall-Cain 33,476 77.9 +12.9
Labour Colin Grant Clark 9,504 22.1 −12.9
Majority 23,972 55.8 +25.8
Turnout 42,980 75.2
Conservative hold Swing +12.9
Liverpool Wavertree by-election, 23 June 1931
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Ronald Nall-Cain 18,687 65.0 +25.0
Labour S. L. Treleaven 10,042 35.0 +2.8
Majority 8,645 30.0 +22.2
Turnout 28,729 51.7 −26.4
Conservative hold Swing 11.2

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Liverpool Wavertree
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Abraham Tinne 16,880 40.0 −7.4
Labour Samuel L. Treleaven 13,585 32.2 −2.8
Liberal Hugh Reynolds Rathbone 11,723 27.8 +10.2
Majority 3,295 7.8 −4.6
Turnout 42,188 78.1 −2.2
Conservative hold Swing −2.3
General Election 1924

Electorate 36,936

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Abraham Tinne 14,063
Liberal Hugh Reynolds Rathbone 5,206
Labour William Albert Robinson 10,383
Majority
Turnout
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1923

Electorate 34,869

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Hugh Reynolds Rathbone 9,349
Conservative Sir Harold Smith KC 8,700
Labour Rev. J Vint Laughland 7,025
Majority
Turnout
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1922

Electorate 33,558

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Harold Smith KC 14,372
Labour Rev. James Vint Laughland 8,941
Majority
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918

Electorate 31,262

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative
  1. Lt-Col Nathan Raw MD
11,326
Labour Charles Wilson 5,103
Liberal Sir Alfred Allen Booth 2,484
Majority
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing

A # Was publicly endorsed by all Party Leaders in the Coalition Government.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References