Liverpool West Derby (UK Parliament constituency)
|Liverpool, West Derby|
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of Liverpool, West Derby in Merseyside.
Location of Merseyside within England.
|Electorate||62,709 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Stephen Twigg (Labour Co-operative)|
|Number of members||One|
|European Parliament constituency||North West England|
- 1 Boundaries
- 2 History
- 3 Members of Parliament
- 4 Elections
- 5 See also
- 6 Notes and references
The constituency is one of five covering the city of Liverpool and covers the northeast of the city, including Croxteth, Gillmoss, Knotty Ash, Norris Green, Tuebrook, Stoneycroft as well as West Derby itself.
Their initial proposal to create a cross-border "Croxteth and Kirkby" seat (which would have contained with electoral wards from Knowsley borough, as well as from Liverpool) was dropped on its public consultation. The electoral wards used in the modified West Derby constituency are:
The boundaries of the constituency from 1950-1974 was Croxteth, Gillmoss and West Derby. In 1974 a new ward was added to the constituency called Tuebrook.
The seat was created in the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 and can be considered a safe seat from 1964 to date for the Labour Party, their candidates having been victorious in every general election since then. However, in the early 1980s it was briefly held by the Social Democratic Party as a result of the sitting Labour MP Eric Ogden being among many defectors.[n 3] Labour regained the seat at the 1983 general election, when Bob Wareing first took office.
Before 1964, it was held by the Conservatives, although their share of the vote has declined considerably; so much so that in the last four general elections, they have finished in fourth place.
The seat was notable in the general elections of 1997 and 2001 for being the only constituency in England in which a minor party (in national terms) came second, namely the Liberal Party who had [n 4] all three local councillors for one electoral ward in the area. In the 2005 election, however, the Liberals were pushed into third place by the Liberal Democrats.
- Sir F E Smith
Sir Frederick Edwin Smith, then Solicitor-General in the David Lloyd George Coalition Government, was returned for West Derby in the General Election of December 1918 when constituency reorganisation abolished his former neighbouring Walton seat. He sat for only two months, being promoted Lord Chancellor and raised to the peerage as Lord Birkenhead in February 1919. He was the first of two MPs for this seat to achieve the highest legal office.
- David Maxwell Fyfe
Maxwell Fyfe, KC, MP from 1935-54 (including World War II) became the highest judge in the country, the Lord Chancellor, having been the Attorney General and Solicitor General for England and Wales. He helped to co-write the European Convention on Human Rights and was one of the key prosecutors at the Nuremberg Trials jointly with the (Labour-member) prosecutor Sir Hartley Shawcross. At this task was a "capable lawyer, efficient administrator and concerned housemaster". There were misgivings in some quarters as to how Fyfe would perform, cross-examination not being regarded as one of his strengths. However his cross-examination of Hermann Göring is one of the most noted cross-examinations in history."Faced with sustained and methodical competence rather than brilliance, Goering [n 5]... crumbled".
- Stephen Twigg
Stephen Twigg ousted Michael Portillo in the normally right-leaning Enfield, Southgate and served it from 1997 until the 2005 election, briefly serving as schools minister before that election, which he lost, before five years later standing for this normally left-leaning seat in Liverpool.
Members of Parliament
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2010: Liverpool West Derby|
|Labour Co-op||Stephen Twigg||22,953||64.1||+3.6|
|Liberal Democrat||Paul Twigger||4,486||12.5||−2.7|
|Socialist Labour||Kai Anderson||614||1.7||−0.6|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Liverpool West Derby|
|Liberal Democrat||Patrick Moloney||3,915||12.85||+2.0|
|Socialist Labour||Kai Anderson||698||2.3||N/A|
|General Election 2001: Liverpool West Derby|
|Liberal Democrat||Patrick Moloney||3,366||10.9||+1.9|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Liverpool West Derby|
|Liberal Democrat||Ann Hines||3,805||9.0||−3.2|
|Conservative||Neil C. Morgan||3,656||8.7||−7.9|
|Referendum Party||Peter R. Forrest||657||1.6||N/A|
|General Election 1992: Liverpool West Derby|
|Liberal Democrat||Miss Gillian S. Bundred||4,838||12.2||−3.3|
|Natural Law||C.J. Higgins||154||0.4||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: Liverpool West Derby|
|Conservative||John E. Backhouse||8,525||19.2||−8.3|
|Social Democrat||M. Ferguson||6,897||15.5||−2.5|
|General Election 1983: Liverpool West Derby|
|Conservative||William M. Trelawney||12,062||27.5|
|Social Democrat||Eric Ogden||7,871||18.0|
Elections in the 1970s
|General Election 1979: Liverpool West Derby|
|Conservative||D P M Hudson||14,356||35.3||+6.4|
|General Election October 1974: Liverpool West Derby|
|General Election February 1974: Liverpool West Derby|
|Peoples' Party||D. Pascoe||388||0.94||N/A|
|General Election 1970: Liverpool West Derby|
Elections in the 1960s
|General Election 1966: Liverpool West Derby|
|Conservative||P W I Rees||15,150||43.12||-2.20|
|General Election 1964: Liverpool West Derby|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
Elections in the 1950s
|General Election 1959: Liverpool West Derby|
|General Election 1955: Liverpool West Derby|
|Liverpool West Derby by-election, 1954|
|Labour Co-op||Cyril Fenton||18,650|
|General Election 1951: Liverpool West Derby|
|Conservative||David Maxwell Fyfe||27,441||51.61|
|Labour||L. C. Edwards||25,734||48.39|
|General Election 1950: Liverpool West Derby|
|Conservative||David Maxwell Fyfe||27,449||51.92||-2.35|
Elections in the 1940s
|General Election 1945: Liverpool West Derby|
|Conservative||David Maxwell Fyfe||21,798||54.27|
Elections in the 1930s
|General Election 1935
|Conservative||David Maxwell Fyfe||21,196||58.35|
|General Election 1931
|Conservative||Sir John Sandeman Allen||32,202||78.01|
|Labour||Joseph Jackson Cleary||9,077||21.99|
Elections in the 1920s
|General Election 1929
|Unionist||John Sandeman Allen||16,794|
|Labour||W. Harvey Moore||14,124|
|Liberal||Arthur Probyn Jones||8,368|
|General Election 1924
|Unionist||John Sandeman Allen||15,667|
|Labour||Thomas Gallon Adams||8,807|
|Liberal||Charles Sydney Jones||5,321|
|Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing|
|General Election 1923
|Liberal||Charles Sydney Jones||12,942|
|Unionist||William Reginald Hall||10,952|
|Liberal gain from Unionist||Swing|
|General Election 1922
|Unionist||Sir William Reginald Hall||16,179|
|Labour||David Rowland Williams||6,785|
Elections in the 1910s
|Liverpool West Derby by-election, 1919|
|Coalition Conservative||Sir William Reginald Hall||6,062||56.5||-10.9|
|Coalition Conservative hold||Swing||-10.9|
|1918 General Election|
|Coalition Conservative hold||Swing||N/A|
A # denotes candidate who was endorsed by the Coalition Government.
Notes and references
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- See Labour Party (UK), who at the time called for withdrawal from the EEC (the Common Market) and removal of nuclear weapons during the Cold War. These considerable defections caused Labour to change its policies.
- Terms of office to date: 2003-2015
- [(alternative spelling for Göring]
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Councillors at Liverpool City Council
- Tusa & Tusa (1983), p.136.
- Dutton (2004)
- Tusa & Tusa, p.287.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.