Living First Ladies of the United States

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This is the list of all of the living First Ladies of the United States at each moment in US history. The following women have been recognized by The National First Ladies' Library as "First Lady".

Table[edit]

Living First Ladies at each moment in US history
Start date End date Start event End event # alive Oldest living First Lady First Ladies
April 30, 1789 March 4, 1797 Inauguration of George Washington Inauguration of John Adams 1 Martha Washington Martha Washington
March 4, 1797 March 4, 1801 Inauguration of John Adams Inauguration of Thomas Jefferson 2 Martha Washington
Abigail Adams
March 4, 1801 May 22, 1802 Inauguration of Thomas Jefferson Death of Martha Washington 4 Martha Washington
Abigail Adams
Martha Jefferson Randolph (Jefferson's daughter)
Dolley Madison (Jefferson's friend)
May 22, 1802 March 4, 1809 Death of Martha Washington Inauguration of James Madison 3 Abigail Adams Abigail Adams
Martha Jefferson Randolph
Dolley Madison (occasionally)
March 4, 1809 March 4, 1817 Inauguration of James Madison Inauguration of James Monroe 3 Abigail Adams
Martha Jefferson Randolph
Dolley Madison
March 4, 1817 October 28, 1818 Inauguration of James Monroe Death of Abigail Adams 4 Abigail Adams
Martha Jefferson Randolph
Dolley Madison
Elizabeth Monroe
October 28, 1818 March 4, 1825 Death of Abigail Adams Inauguration of John Quincy Adams 3 Dolley Madison Martha Jefferson Randolph
Dolley Madison
Elizabeth Monroe
March 4, 1825 March 4, 1829 Inauguration of John Quincy Adams Inauguration of Andrew Jackson 4 Martha Jefferson Randolph
Dolley Madison
Elizabeth Monroe
Louisa Adams
March 4, 1829 September 23, 1830 Inauguration of Andrew Jackson Death of Elizabeth Monroe 5 Martha Jefferson Randolph
Dolley Madison
Elizabeth Monroe
Louisa Adams
Emily Donelson (Jackson's niece)
September 23, 1830 November 26, 1834 Death of Elizabeth Monroe Arrival at the White House of Sarah Yorke Jackson 4 Martha Jefferson Randolph
Dolley Madison
Louisa Adams
Emily Donelson
November 26, 1834 October 10, 1836 Arrival at the White House of Sarah Yorke Jackson Death of Martha Jefferson Randolph 5 Martha Jefferson Randolph
Dolley Madison
Louisa Adams
Emily Donelson
Sarah Yorke Jackson (Jackson's daughter-in-law)
October 10, 1836 December 19, 1836 Death of Martha Jefferson Randolph Death of Emily Donelson 4 Dolley Madison
Louisa Adams
Emily Donelson
Sarah Yorke Jackson
December 19, 1836 March 4, 1837 Death of Emily Donelson Inauguration of Martin Van Buren 3 Dolley Madison
Louisa Adams
Sarah Yorke Jackson
March 4, 1837 March 4, 1841 Inauguration of Martin Van Buren Inauguration of William H. Harrison 4 Dolley Madison
Louisa Adams
Sarah Yorke Jackson
Angelica Singleton Van Buren (Van Buren's daughter-in-law)
March 4, 1841 April 4, 1841 Inauguration of William H. Harrison Death of William H. Harrison 6 Dolley Madison
Louisa Adams
Sarah Yorke Jackson
Angelica Singleton Van Buren
Anna Harrison (absent)
Jane Irwin Harrison (Harrison's daughter-in-law)
April 4, 1841 September 10, 1842 Inauguration of John Tyler Death of Letitia Christian Tyler 7 Dolley Madison
Louisa Adams
Sarah Yorke Jackson
Angelica Singleton Van Buren
Anna Harrison
Jane Irwin Harrison
Letitia Christian Tyler
September 10, 1842 June 26, 1844 Death of Letitia Christian Tyler Marriage of Julia Gardiner to John Tyler 7 Dolley Madison
Louisa Adams
Sarah Yorke Jackson
Angelica Singleton Van Buren
Anna Harrison
Jane Irwin Harrison
Priscilla Cooper Tyler (Tyler's daughter-in-law)
June 26, 1844 March 4, 1845 Marriage of Julia Gardiner to John Tyler Inauguration of James K. Polk 8 Dolley Madison
Louisa Adams
Sarah Yorke Jackson
Angelica Singleton Van Buren
Anna Harrison
Jane Irwin Harrison
Priscilla Cooper Tyler
Julia Gardiner Tyler
March 4, 1845 May 11, 1846 Inauguration of James K. Polk Death of Jane Irwin Harrison 9 Dolley Madison
Louisa Adams
Sarah Yorke Jackson
Angelica Singleton Van Buren
Anna Harrison
Jane Irwin Harrison
Priscilla Cooper Tyler
Julia Gardiner Tyler
Sarah Childress Polk
May 11, 1846 March 4, 1849 Death of Jane Irwin Harrison Inauguration of Zachary Taylor 8 Dolley Madison
Louisa Adams
Sarah Yorke Jackson
Angelica Singleton Van Buren
Anna Harrison
Priscilla Cooper Tyler
Julia Gardiner Tyler
Sarah Childress Polk
March 4, 1849 July 12, 1849 Inauguration of Zachary Taylor Death of Dolley Madison 9 Dolley Madison
Louisa Adams
Sarah Yorke Jackson
Angelica Singleton Van Buren
Anna Harrison
Priscilla Cooper Tyler
Julia Gardiner Tyler
Sarah Childress Polk
Margaret Taylor
July 12, 1849 July 9, 1850 Death of Dolley Madison Inauguration of Millard Fillmore 8 Louisa Adams Louisa Adams
Sarah Yorke Jackson
Angelica Singleton Van Buren
Anna Harrison
Priscilla Cooper Tyler
Julia Gardiner Tyler
Sarah Childress Polk
Margaret Taylor
July 9, 1850 May 15, 1852 Inauguration of Millard Fillmore Death of Louisa Adams 9 Louisa Adams
Sarah Yorke Jackson
Angelica Singleton Van Buren
Anna Harrison
Priscilla Cooper Tyler
Julia Gardiner Tyler
Sarah Childress Polk
Margaret Taylor
Abigail Fillmore
May 15, 1852 August 14, 1852 Death of Louisa Adams Death of Margaret Taylor 8 Anna Harrison Sarah Yorke Jackson
Angelica Singleton Van Buren
Anna Harrison
Priscilla Cooper Tyler
Julia Gardiner Tyler
Sarah Childress Polk
Margaret Taylor
Abigail Fillmore
August 14, 1852 March 4, 1853 Death of Margaret Taylor Inauguration of Franklin Pierce 7 Sarah Yorke Jackson
Angelica Singleton Van Buren
Anna Harrison
Priscilla Cooper Tyler
Julia Gardiner Tyler
Sarah Childress Polk
Abigail Fillmore
March 4, 1853 March 30, 1853 Inauguration of Franklin Pierce Death of Abigail Fillmore 8 Sarah Yorke Jackson
Angelica Singleton Van Buren
Anna Harrison
Priscilla Cooper Tyler
Julia Gardiner Tyler
Sarah Childress Polk
Abigail Fillmore
Jane Pierce
March 30, 1853 March 4, 1857 Death of Abigail Fillmore Inauguration of James Buchanan 7 Sarah Yorke Jackson
Angelica Singleton Van Buren
Anna Harrison
Priscilla Cooper Tyler
Julia Gardiner Tyler
Sarah Childress Polk
Jane Pierce
March 4, 1857 March 4, 1861 Inauguration of James Buchanan Inauguration of Abraham Lincoln 8 Sarah Yorke Jackson
Angelica Singleton Van Buren
Anna Harrison
Priscilla Cooper Tyler
Julia Gardiner Tyler
Sarah Childress Polk
Jane Pierce
Harriet Lane (Buchanan's niece)
March 4, 1861 December 2, 1863 Inauguration of Abraham Lincoln Death of Jane Pierce 9 Sarah Yorke Jackson
Angelica Singleton Van Buren
Anna Harrison
Priscilla Cooper Tyler
Julia Gardiner Tyler
Sarah Childress Polk
Jane Pierce
Harriet Lane
Mary Todd Lincoln
December 2, 1863 February 25, 1864 Death of Jane Pierce Death of Anna Harrison 8 Sarah Yorke Jackson
Angelica Singleton Van Buren
Anna Harrison
Priscilla Cooper Tyler
Julia Gardiner Tyler
Sarah Childress Polk
Harriet Lane
Mary Todd Lincoln
February 25, 1864 April 15, 1865 Death of Anna Harrison Inauguration of Andrew Johnson 7 Sarah Polk Sarah Yorke Jackson
Angelica Singleton Van Buren
Priscilla Cooper Tyler
Julia Gardiner Tyler
Sarah Childress Polk
Harriet Lane
Mary Todd Lincoln
April 15, 1865 March 4, 1869 Inauguration of Andrew Johnson Inauguration of Ulysses S. Grant 8 Sarah Yorke Jackson
Angelica Singleton Van Buren
Priscilla Cooper Tyler
Julia Gardiner Tyler
Sarah Childress Polk
Harriet Lane
Mary Todd Lincoln
Eliza McCardle Johnson
March 4, 1869 January 15, 1876 Inauguration of Ulysses S. Grant Death of Eliza McCardle Johnson 9 Sarah Yorke Jackson
Angelica Singleton Van Buren
Priscilla Cooper Tyler
Julia Gardiner Tyler
Sarah Childress Polk
Harriet Lane
Mary Todd Lincoln
Eliza McCardle Johnson
Julia Grant
January 15, 1876 March 4, 1877 Death of Eliza McCardle Johnson Inauguration of Rutherford B. Hayes 8 Sarah Yorke Jackson
Angelica Singleton Van Buren
Priscilla Cooper Tyler
Julia Gardiner Tyler
Sarah Childress Polk
Harriet Lane
Mary Todd Lincoln
Julia Grant
March 4, 1877 December 29, 1877 Inauguration of Rutherford B. Hayes Death of Angelica Singleton Van Buren 9 Sarah Yorke Jackson
Angelica Singleton Van Buren
Priscilla Cooper Tyler
Julia Gardiner Tyler
Sarah Childress Polk
Harriet Lane
Mary Todd Lincoln
Julia Grant
Lucy Webb Hayes
December 29, 1877 March 4, 1881 Death of Angelica Singleton Van Buren Inauguration of James Garfield 8 Sarah Yorke Jackson
Priscilla Cooper Tyler
Julia Gardiner Tyler
Sarah Childress Polk
Harriet Lane
Mary Todd Lincoln
Julia Grant
Lucy Webb Hayes
March 4, 1881 September 19, 1881 Inauguration of James Garfield Inauguration of Chester A. Arthur 9 Sarah Yorke Jackson
Priscilla Cooper Tyler
Julia Gardiner Tyler
Sarah Childress Polk
Harriet Lane
Mary Todd Lincoln
Julia Grant
Lucy Webb Hayes
Lucretia Garfield
September 19, 1881 July 16, 1882 Inauguration of Chester A. Arthur Death of Mary Todd Lincoln 10 Sarah Yorke Jackson
Priscilla Cooper Tyler
Julia Gardiner Tyler
Sarah Childress Polk
Harriet Lane
Mary Todd Lincoln
Julia Grant
Lucy Webb Hayes
Lucretia Garfield
Mary Arthur McElroy (Arthur's sister)
July 16, 1882 March 4, 1885 Death of Mary Todd Lincoln Inauguration of Grover Cleveland 9 Sarah Yorke Jackson
Priscilla Cooper Tyler
Julia Gardiner Tyler
Sarah Childress Polk
Harriet Lane
Julia Grant
Lucy Webb Hayes
Lucretia Garfield
Mary Arthur McElroy
March 4, 1885 June 2, 1886 Inauguration of Grover Cleveland Marriage of Frances Folsom to Grover Cleveland 10 Sarah Yorke Jackson
Priscilla Cooper Tyler
Julia Gardiner Tyler
Sarah Childress Polk
Harriet Lane
Julia Grant
Lucy Webb Hayes
Lucretia Garfield
Mary Arthur McElroy
Rose Cleveland (Cleveland's sister)
June 2, 1886 August 23, 1887 Marriage of Frances Folsom to Grover Cleveland Death of Sarah Yorke Jackson 11 Sarah Yorke Jackson
Priscilla Cooper Tyler
Julia Gardiner Tyler
Sarah Childress Polk
Harriet Lane
Julia Grant
Lucy Webb Hayes
Lucretia Garfield
Mary Arthur McElroy
Rose Cleveland
Frances Folsom Cleveland
August 23, 1887 March 4, 1889 Death of Sarah Yorke Jackson Inauguration of Benjamin Harrison 10 Priscilla Cooper Tyler
Julia Gardiner Tyler
Sarah Childress Polk
Harriet Lane
Julia Grant
Lucy Webb Hayes
Lucretia Garfield
Mary Arthur McElroy
Rose Cleveland
Frances Folsom Cleveland
March 4, 1889 June 25, 1889 Inauguration of Benjamin Harrison Death of Lucy Webb Hayes 11 Priscilla Cooper Tyler
Julia Gardiner Tyler
Sarah Childress Polk
Harriet Lane
Julia Grant
Lucy Webb Hayes
Lucretia Garfield
Mary Arthur McElroy
Rose Cleveland
Frances Folsom Cleveland
Caroline Harrison
June 25, 1889 July 10, 1889 Death of Lucy Webb Hayes Death of Julia Gardiner Tyler 10 Priscilla Cooper Tyler
Julia Gardiner Tyler
Sarah Childress Polk
Harriet Lane
Julia Grant
Lucretia Garfield
Mary Arthur McElroy
Rose Cleveland
Frances Folsom Cleveland
Caroline Harrison
July 10, 1889 December 29, 1889 Death of Julia Gardiner Tyler Death of Priscilla Cooper Tyler 9 Priscilla Cooper Tyler
Sarah Childress Polk
Harriet Lane
Julia Grant
Lucretia Garfield
Mary Arthur McElroy
Rose Cleveland
Frances Folsom Cleveland
Caroline Harrison
December 29, 1889 August 14, 1891 Death of Priscilla Cooper Tyler Death of Sarah Childress Polk 8 Sarah Childress Polk
Harriet Lane
Julia Grant
Lucretia Garfield
Mary Arthur McElroy
Rose Cleveland
Frances Folsom Cleveland
Caroline Harrison
August 14, 1891 October 25, 1892 Death of Sarah Childress Polk Death of Caroline Harrison 7 Julia Grant Harriet Lane
Julia Grant
Lucretia Garfield
Mary Arthur McElroy
Rose Cleveland
Frances Folsom Cleveland
Caroline Harrison
October 25, 1892 March 4, 1897 Death of Caroline Harrison Inauguration of William McKinley 7 Harriet Lane
Julia Grant
Lucretia Garfield
Mary Arthur McElroy
Rose Cleveland
Frances Folsom Cleveland
Mary Harrison McKee (Harrison's daughter)
March 4, 1897 September 14, 1901 Inauguration of William McKinley Inauguration of Theodore Roosevelt 8 Harriet Lane
Julia Grant
Lucretia Garfield
Mary Arthur McElroy
Rose Cleveland
Frances Folsom Cleveland
Mary Harrison McKee
Ida Saxton McKinley
September 14, 1901 December 14, 1902 Inauguration of Theodore Roosevelt Death of Julia Grant 9 Harriet Lane
Julia Grant
Lucretia Garfield
Mary Arthur McElroy
Rose Cleveland
Frances Folsom Cleveland
Mary Harrison McKee
Ida Saxton McKinley
Edith Roosevelt
December 14, 1902 July 3, 1903 Death of Julia Grant Death of Harriet Lane 8 Harriet Lane Harriet Lane
Lucretia Garfield
Mary Arthur McElroy
Rose Cleveland
Frances Folsom Cleveland
Mary Harrison McKee
Ida Saxton McKinley
Edith Roosevelt
July 3, 1903 May 26, 1907 Death of Harriet Lane Death of Ida Saxton McKinley 7 Lucretia Garfield Lucretia Garfield
Mary Arthur McElroy
Rose Cleveland
Frances Folsom Cleveland
Mary Harrison McKee
Ida Saxton McKinley
Edith Roosevelt
May 26, 1907 March 4, 1909 Death of Ida Saxton McKinley Inauguration of William H. Taft 6 Lucretia Garfield
Mary Arthur McElroy
Rose Cleveland
Frances Folsom Cleveland
Mary Harrison McKee
Edith Roosevelt
March 4, 1909 March 4, 1913 Inauguration of William H. Taft Inauguration of Woodrow Wilson 7 Lucretia Garfield
Mary Arthur McElroy
Rose Cleveland
Frances Folsom Cleveland (married February 10, 1913)
Mary Harrison McKee
Edith Roosevelt
Helen Herron Taft
March 4, 1913 August 6, 1914 Inauguration of Woodrow Wilson Death of Ellen Axson Wilson 8 Lucretia Garfield
Mary Arthur McElroy
Rose Cleveland
Frances Folsom Cleveland Preston
Mary Harrison McKee
Edith Roosevelt
Helen Herron Taft
Ellen Axson Wilson
August 6, 1914 December 18, 1915 Death of Ellen Axson Wilson Marriage of Edith Bolling Galt to Woodrow Wilson 7 Lucretia Garfield
Mary Arthur McElroy
Rose Cleveland
Frances Folsom Cleveland Preston
Mary Harrison McKee
Edith Roosevelt
Helen Herron Taft
December 18, 1915 January 8, 1917 Marriage of Edith Bolling Galt to Woodrow Wilson Death of Mary Arthur McElroy 9 Lucretia Garfield
Mary Arthur McElroy
Rose Cleveland
Frances Folsom Cleveland Preston
Mary Harrison McKee
Edith Roosevelt
Helen Herron Taft
Margaret Woodrow Wilson
Edith Bolling Galt Wilson
January 8, 1917 March 14, 1918 Death of Mary Arthur McElroy Death of Lucretia Garfield 8 Lucretia Garfield
Rose Cleveland
Frances Folsom Cleveland Preston
Mary Harrison McKee
Edith Roosevelt
Helen Herron Taft
Margaret Woodrow Wilson
Edith Bolling Galt Wilson
March 14, 1918 November 22, 1918 Death of Lucretia Garfield Death of Rose Cleveland 7 Helen Herron Taft Rose Cleveland
Frances Folsom Cleveland Preston
Mary Harrison McKee
Edith Roosevelt
Helen Herron Taft
Margaret Woodrow Wilson
Edith Bolling Galt Wilson
November 22, 1918 March 4, 1921 Death of Rose Cleveland Inauguration of Warren G. Harding 6 Frances Folsom Cleveland Preston
Mary Harrison McKee
Edith Roosevelt
Helen Herron Taft
Margaret Woodrow Wilson
Edith Bolling Galt Wilson
March 4, 1921 August 2, 1923 Inauguration of Warren G. Harding Inauguration of Calvin Coolidge 7 Frances Folsom Cleveland Preston
Mary Harrison McKee
Edith Roosevelt
Helen Herron Taft
Margaret Woodrow Wilson
Edith Bolling Galt Wilson
Florence Harding
August 2, 1923 November 21, 1924 Inauguration of Calvin Coolidge Death of Florence Harding 8 Frances Folsom Cleveland Preston
Mary Harrison McKee
Edith Roosevelt
Helen Herron Taft
Margaret Woodrow Wilson
Edith Bolling Galt Wilson
Florence Harding
Grace Coolidge
November 21, 1924 March 4, 1929 Death of Florence Harding Inauguration of Herbert Hoover 7 Frances Folsom Cleveland Preston
Mary Harrison McKee
Edith Roosevelt
Helen Herron Taft
Margaret Woodrow Wilson
Edith Bolling Galt Wilson
Grace Coolidge
March 4, 1929 October 28, 1930 Inauguration of Herbert Hoover Death of Mary Harrison McKee 8 Frances Folsom Cleveland Preston
Mary Harrison McKee
Edith Roosevelt
Helen Herron Taft
Margaret Woodrow Wilson
Edith Bolling Galt Wilson
Grace Coolidge
Lou Henry Hoover
October 28, 1930 March 4, 1933 Death of Mary Harrison McKee Inauguration of Franklin D. Roosevelt 7 Frances Folsom Cleveland Preston
Edith Roosevelt
Helen Herron Taft
Margaret Woodrow Wilson
Edith Bolling Galt Wilson
Grace Coolidge
Lou Henry Hoover
March 4, 1933 May 22, 1943 Inauguration of Franklin D. Roosevelt Death of Helen Herron Taft 8 Frances Folsom Cleveland Preston
Edith Roosevelt
Helen Herron Taft
Margaret Woodrow Wilson
Edith Bolling Galt Wilson
Grace Coolidge
Lou Henry Hoover
Eleanor Roosevelt
May 22, 1943 January 7, 1944 Death of Helen Herron Taft Death of Lou Henry Hoover 7 Edith Roosevelt Frances Folsom Cleveland Preston
Edith Roosevelt
Margaret Woodrow Wilson
Edith Bolling Galt Wilson
Grace Coolidge
Lou Henry Hoover
Eleanor Roosevelt
January 7, 1944 February 12, 1944 Death of Lou Henry Hoover Death of Margaret Woodrow Wilson 6 Frances Folsom Cleveland Preston
Edith Roosevelt
Margaret Woodrow Wilson
Edith Bolling Galt Wilson
Grace Coolidge
Eleanor Roosevelt
February 12, 1944 April 12, 1945 Death of Margaret Woodrow Wilson Inauguration of Harry S. Truman 5 Frances Folsom Cleveland Preston
Edith Roosevelt
Edith Bolling Galt Wilson
Grace Coolidge
Eleanor Roosevelt
April 12, 1945 October 29, 1947 Inauguration of Harry S. Truman Death of Frances Folsom Cleveland Preston 6 Frances Folsom Cleveland Preston
Edith Roosevelt
Edith Bolling Galt Wilson
Grace Coolidge
Eleanor Roosevelt
Bess Truman
October 29, 1947 September 30, 1948 Death of Frances Folsom Cleveland Preston Death of Edith Roosevelt 5 Edith Roosevelt
Edith Bolling Galt Wilson
Grace Coolidge
Eleanor Roosevelt
Bess Truman
September 30, 1948 January 20, 1953 Death of Edith Roosevelt Inauguration of Dwight D. Eisenhower 4 Edith Bolling Galt Wilson Edith Bolling Galt Wilson
Grace Coolidge
Eleanor Roosevelt
Bess Truman
January 20, 1953 July 8, 1957 Inauguration of Dwight D. Eisenhower Death of Grace Coolidge 5 Edith Bolling Galt Wilson
Grace Coolidge
Eleanor Roosevelt
Bess Truman
Mamie Eisenhower
July 8, 1957 January 20, 1961 Death of Grace Coolidge Inauguration of John F. Kennedy 4 Edith Bolling Galt Wilson
Eleanor Roosevelt
Bess Truman
Mamie Eisenhower
January 20, 1961 December 28, 1961 Inauguration of John F. Kennedy Death of Edith Bolling Galt Wilson 5 Edith Bolling Galt Wilson
Eleanor Roosevelt
Bess Truman
Mamie Eisenhower
Jacqueline Kennedy
December 28, 1961 November 7, 1962 Death of Edith Bolling Galt Wilson Death of Eleanor Roosevelt 4 Eleanor Roosevelt Eleanor Roosevelt
Bess Truman
Mamie Eisenhower
Jacqueline Kennedy
November 7, 1962 November 22, 1963 Death of Eleanor Roosevelt Inauguration of Lyndon B. Johnson 3 Bess Truman Bess Truman
Mamie Eisenhower
Jacqueline Kennedy
November 22, 1963 January 20, 1969 Inauguration of Lyndon B. Johnson Inauguration of Richard Nixon 4 Bess Truman
Mamie Eisenhower
Jacqueline Kennedy (married October 20, 1968)
Lady Bird Johnson
January 20, 1969 August 9, 1974 Inauguration of Richard Nixon Inauguration of Gerald Ford 5 Bess Truman
Mamie Eisenhower
Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis
Lady Bird Johnson
Pat Nixon
August 9, 1974 January 20, 1977 Inauguration of Gerald Ford Inauguration of Jimmy Carter 6 Bess Truman
Mamie Eisenhower
Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis
Lady Bird Johnson
Pat Nixon
Betty Ford
January 20, 1977 November 1, 1979 Inauguration of Jimmy Carter Death of Mamie Eisenhower 7 Bess Truman
Mamie Eisenhower
Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis
Lady Bird Johnson
Pat Nixon
Betty Ford
Rosalynn Carter
November 1, 1979 January 20, 1981 Death of Mamie Eisenhower Inauguration of Ronald Reagan 6 Bess Truman
Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis
Lady Bird Johnson
Pat Nixon
Betty Ford
Rosalynn Carter
January 20, 1981 October 18, 1982 Inauguration of Ronald Reagan Death of Bess Truman 7 Bess Truman
Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis
Lady Bird Johnson
Pat Nixon
Betty Ford
Rosalynn Carter
Nancy Reagan
October 18, 1982 January 20, 1989 Death of Bess Truman Inauguration of George H. W. Bush 6 Pat Nixon Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis
Lady Bird Johnson
Pat Nixon
Betty Ford
Rosalynn Carter
Nancy Reagan
January 20, 1989 January 20, 1993 Inauguration of George H. W. Bush Inauguration of Bill Clinton 7 Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis
Lady Bird Johnson
Pat Nixon
Betty Ford
Rosalynn Carter
Nancy Reagan
Barbara Bush
January 20, 1993 June 22, 1993 Inauguration of Bill Clinton Death of Pat Nixon 8 Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis
Lady Bird Johnson
Pat Nixon
Betty Ford
Rosalynn Carter
Nancy Reagan
Barbara Bush
Hillary Clinton
June 22, 1993 May 19, 1994 Death of Pat Nixon Death of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis 7 Lady Bird Johnson Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis
Lady Bird Johnson
Betty Ford
Rosalynn Carter
Nancy Reagan
Barbara Bush
Hillary Clinton
May 19, 1994 January 20, 2001 Death of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis Inauguration of George W. Bush 6 Lady Bird Johnson
Betty Ford
Rosalynn Carter
Nancy Reagan
Barbara Bush
Hillary Clinton
January 20, 2001 July 11, 2007 Inauguration of George W. Bush Death of Lady Bird Johnson 7 Lady Bird Johnson
Betty Ford
Rosalynn Carter
Nancy Reagan
Barbara Bush
Hillary Clinton
Laura Bush
July 11, 2007 January 20, 2009 Death of Lady Bird Johnson Inauguration of Barack Obama 6 Betty Ford Betty Ford
Rosalynn Carter
Nancy Reagan
Barbara Bush
Hillary Clinton
Laura Bush
January 20, 2009 July 8, 2011 Inauguration of Barack Obama Death of Betty Ford 7 Betty Ford
Rosalynn Carter
Nancy Reagan
Barbara Bush
Hillary Clinton
Laura Bush
Michelle Obama
July 8, 2011 Death of Betty Ford 6 Nancy Reagan Rosalynn Carter
Nancy Reagan
Barbara Bush
Hillary Clinton
Laura Bush
Michelle Obama

Statistics[edit]

  • During two periods in United States history, there have been eleven women alive to have been First Lady. They occurred in the late 1880s, the first for 448 days between June 2, 1886 and August 23, 1887, the second for 114 days between March 4 and June 25, 1889.
  • There have been sixteen Presidencies during which a living First Lady has not died (including Grover Cleveland's second term 1893–1897), the most recent being the Presidency of George H.W. Bush. Conversely, during the Presidency of Benjamin Harrison (1889–1893) there were as many as five deaths of First Ladies, the last one being his wife Caroline Harrison. The longest streak of Presidencies without a death of a First Lady is three, as no First Lady died during the terms of L.B. Johnson, Nixon and Ford, a total of more than 14 years.
  • The longest period between deaths of First Ladies was 16 years and 359 days, between the deaths of Eleanor Roosevelt on November 7, 1962 and Mamie Eisenhower on November 1, 1979. The shortest was 15 days between the deaths of Lucy Webb Hayes on June 25 and Julia Gardiner Tyler on July 10, 1889.
  • Four times, in 1836, 1852, 1889 and 1918, have two or three First Ladies died in the same year. Three died in 1889: Lucy Webb Hayes, Julia Gardiner Tyler and Priscilla Cooper Tyler.
  • The only woman who acted as First Lady for two different Presidents was Dolley Madison, a friend of widower Thomas Jefferson, who acted occasionally in that role during 1801–1809. When her husband James Madison was inaugurated in 1809 she became the regular First Lady for eight more years.
  • There has been only one presidency when three women acted as First Lady, that of John Tyler 1841–1845. The first First Lady was his first wife Letitia Christian Tyler who died on September 10, 1842. Tyler's daughter-in-law Priscilla Cooper Tyler then served as First Lady until June 26, 1844 when Tyler married his second wife Julia Gardiner Tyler.

Oldest living First Lady[edit]

First Lady Lifespan
(age at death)
Period as oldest living First Lady Duration
(full months)
Martha Washington 1731–1802
(70 years, 354 days)
April 30, 1789 – May 22, 1802 13 years
Abigail Adams 1744–1818
(73 years, 351 days)
May 22, 1802 – October 28, 1818 16 years, 6 months
Dolley Madison 1768–1849
(81 years, 53 days)
October 28, 1818 – July 12, 1849 30 years, 6 months
Louisa Adams 1775–1852
(77 years, 93 days)
July 12, 1849 – May 15, 1852 2 years, 10 months
Anna Harrison 1775–1864
(88 years, 215 days)
May 15, 1852 – February 25, 1864 11 years, 9 months
Sarah Childress Polk 1803–1891
(87 years, 344 days)
February 25, 1864 – August 14, 1891 27 years, 5 months
Julia Grant 1826–1902
(76 years, 322 days)
March 4, 1913 – December 14, 1902 10 years, 11 months
Harriet Lane 1830–1903
(73 years, 55 days)
December 14, 1902 – July 3, 1903 6 months
Lucretia Garfield 1832–1918
(85 years, 329 days)
December 14, 1902 – March 18, 1918 14 years, 10 months
Helen Louise Taft 1861–1943
(81 years, 354 days)
March 8, 1930 – May 22, 1943 2 years, 9 months
Edith Roosevelt 1861–1948
(87 years, 55 days)
May 22, 1943 – September 30, 1948 5 years, 4 months
Edith Bolling Galt Wilson 1872–1961
(89 years, 74 days)
May 22, 1944 – December 28, 1961 17 years, 7 months
Eleanor Roosevelt 1884–1962
(78 years, 186 days)
July 8, 1957 – November 7, 1962 8 years, 2 months
Bess Truman 1885–1982
(97 years, 247 days)
November 7, 1962 – October 18, 1982 19 years, 11 months
Pat Nixon 1912–1993
(81 years, 96 days)
October 18, 1982 – June 22, 1993 10 years, 8 months
Lady Bird Johnson 1912–2007
(94 years, 201 days)
June 22, 1993 – July 11, 2007 14 years
Betty Ford 1918–2011
(93 years, 92 days)
July 11, 2007 – July 8, 2011 3 years, 11 months
Nancy Reagan 1921–present
(93 years, 48 days)
July 8, 2011 – present 3 years, 1 month