Livingston, Texas

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Livingston, Texas
Town
Livingston City Hall at 220 West Church Street
Livingston City Hall at 220 West Church Street
Location of Livingston, Texas
Location of Livingston, Texas
Coordinates: 30°42′34″N 94°56′4″W / 30.70944°N 94.93444°W / 30.70944; -94.93444Coordinates: 30°42′34″N 94°56′4″W / 30.70944°N 94.93444°W / 30.70944; -94.93444
Country United States
State Texas
County Polk
Area
 • Total 8.4 sq mi (21.7 km2)
 • Land 8.4 sq mi (21.7 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 167 ft (51 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 5,433
 • Density 649.9/sq mi (250.9/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 77351, 77399
Area code(s) 936
FIPS code 48-43132[1]
GNIS feature ID 1361573[2]
Livingston water tower
The Fain Theatre
The Polk County Courthouse in Livingston
The Courthouse Whistle Stop Cafe is located across from the courthouse in downtown Livingston.
Historic downtown Livingston
Central Baptist Church in Livingston

Livingston is a town in Polk County, Texas, United States. The population was 5,335 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Polk County.[3] Livingston was settled in 1835 as Springfield. Its name was changed to Livingston and became the county seat of Polk County in 1846.[4]

The Alabama-Coushatta Indian Reservation is just to the east of Livingston. The 2000 census reported a resident population of 480 persons within the reservation.

Livingston has one hospital, the Memorial Medical Center at Livingston, and recently, a new free-standing emergency room, Dow Emergency, was erected. The latter has a plan to grow into a fully functioning, state of the art inpatient hospital in the future.

Geography[edit]

Livingston is located at 30°42′34″N 94°56′4″W / 30.70944°N 94.93444°W / 30.70944; -94.93444 (30.709518, -94.934443).[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 8.4 square miles (22 km2), of which, 8.4 sq mi (22 km2) of it is land and 0.12% is covered by water. However, the town of Livingston is about 10 mi (16 km) east of Lake Livingston, which is the largest drinking-water reservoir in the state of Texas.

Elevation: 148 ft

Major highways:

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[1] of 2000, 5,433 people, 2,048 households, and 1,341 families resided in the town. The population density was 649.9 inhabitants per square mile (250.9/km²). There were 2,358 housing units at an average density of 282.1 per square mile (108.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 70.38% White, 18.50% African American, 0.64% Native American, 0.83% Asian, 8.08% from other races, and 1.56% from two or more races. About 13.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 2,048 households, 34.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.4% were married couples living together, 16.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.5% were not families. About 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the town, the population was distributed as 27.7% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $31,424, and for a family was $37,868. Males had a median income of $30,318 versus $21,774 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,214. About 18.2% of families and 22.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.7% of those under age 18 and 17.4% of those age 65 or over.

In the 2010 Census, Livingston lost 1.8 percent of its population.2010 Census for Livingston, Texas

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The United States Postal Service operates the Livingston Post Office.[6]

The Livingston Municipal Airport, operated by the City of Livingston, is located in West Livingston.[7][8]

Nearby West Livingston has the Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ) Allan B. Polunsky Unit,[7][9][10] the location of the State of Texas death row since 1999.[11]

A few miles outside of Livingston is the IAH Polk County Secure Adult Detention Center, which houses around 700 immigrant men daily who have been detained by Immigration and Customs Enforcement. Run by private-prison company Community Education Centers, the facility has frequently been criticized for its sub-par treatment of migrants and is currently under fire in a nation-wide campaign calling for the closure of ten of the worst detention centers in the nation.[12]

Livingston uses a manager-council system of government. The current mayor is Clarke Evans.

Banking[edit]

Livingston is the headquarters to two regional bank systems, the First National Bank and the First State Bank.

First State Bank has its main office in downtown Livingston and branches in Livingston (west side of town on Highway 190), Onalaska and Shepherd.

First National Bank has its main office on Highway 190 and branches in downtown Livingston and Onalaska.

Transportation[edit]

Greyhound Lines operates the Livingston Station at the Super Stop Food Mart.[13] The city's airport, Livingston Municipal Airport (LMA) is located to the southwest of the city. It serves mainly recreational flights but sometimes serves routes to larger airports in East Texas and West Louisiana.

Education[edit]

The City of Livingston is served by the Livingston Independent School District.

A branch of Angelina College, Polk County Community College, opened in Fall 2014. The college offers various classes and two-year associates degrees.[14]

Notable people[edit]

Notable people from Livingston include:

Media[edit]

  • KCTL Television
  • KETX Television
  • KETX Radio (1440 KETX (AM) and 92.3 KETX-FM)
  • KDOL Radio (96.1 KDOL-FM)
  • PolkCountyToday.com (Up-to-date news website) PolkCountyToday.com (online version of the "PolkCountyToday.com")
  • Polk County Enterprise (newspaper)
  • East Texas News (online version of the "Polk County Enterprise")

Sports Championships[edit]

High School Football:

  • Livingston Dunbar (1A-PVIL) state champions 1953[24][25]
  • Livingston Dunbar (1A-PVIL) state champions 1954
  • Livingston Dunbar (1A-PVIL) state champions 1958
  • Livingston Dunbar (1A-PVIL) state runner Up 1959

High School Basketball:

  • Livingston High (All schools in one division) 1939
  • Livingston Dunbar (1A-PVIL) Runner Up 1952

Tourism[edit]

Entertainment references[edit]

Lake Livingston was featured on the third episode of the first season of the television show, River Monsters, which airs on Animal Planet. The host, Jeremy Wade, was searching for alligator gar.[27]

Livingston is the hometown of a patient in the CBS television series M*A*S*H.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ City of Livingston, Texas, Information, History
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "Post Office Location - LIVINGSTON." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 16, 2010.
  7. ^ a b "West Livingston CDP, Texas." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on May 9, 2010.
  8. ^ "Municipal Airport." City of Livingston. Retrieved on May 9, 2010.
  9. ^ "Polunsky Unit." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 7, 2010.
  10. ^ Rainwater, Mary. "Death row inmate: No justice by execution." Rapid City Journal. May 5, 2010. Retrieved on May 9, 2010. "are heavy on the mind of 41-year-old former South Dakota resident Kevin Scott Varga, who sits on death row in the Polunsky Unit in Livingston, Texas."
  11. ^ "Death Tow Facts." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 7, 2010.
  12. ^ Expose & Close
  13. ^ "Livingston, Texas." Greyhound Lines. Retrieved on May 16, 2010.
  14. ^ [1]
  15. ^ http://www.pro-football-reference.com/players/C/CarrPa20.htm
  16. ^ a b "Alabama-Coushatta Indians", Texas Handbook Online
  17. ^ http://www.texasescapes.com/AllThingsHistorical/Tennessee-Williams-Texas-Director-Margaret-Virginia-Margo-Jones-BB506.htm
  18. ^ Doolittle Raiders Online
  19. ^ http://www.eaglefield.net/doolittleroster.htm
  20. ^ Thirty_Seconds_Over_Tokyo
  21. ^ http://www.historicmarkers.com/Texas/Polk_County_Texas/Captain_Isaac_Newton_Moreland_Turner%2C_C._S._A.__TX10428/
  22. ^ http://usads.ms11.net/randy.html
  23. ^ Russell, Major Samuel L., "Selfless Service: The Cavalry Career of Brigadier General Samuel M. Whitside from 1858 to 1902." MMAS Thesis, Fort Leavenworth: U.S. Command and General Staff College, 2002.
  24. ^ Friday Night History - PVIL Past Football Champions - Texas High School Football
  25. ^ UIL: Athletics - Champions Archives and Records
  26. ^ THC - Atlas - County Search
  27. ^ [2]

External links[edit]