Livingston County, Illinois

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Livingston County, Illinois
Pontiac IL Livingston County Courthouse5.JPG
Livingston County Courthouse
Map of Illinois highlighting Livingston County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1837
Named for Edward Livingston
Seat Pontiac
Largest city Pontiac
Area
 • Total 1,045.93 sq mi (2,709 km2)
 • Land 1,044.28 sq mi (2,705 km2)
 • Water 1.64 sq mi (4 km2), 0.16%
Population
 • (2010) 38,950
 • Density 38/sq mi (15/km²)
Congressional district 16th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Livingston County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 38,950, which is a decrease of 1.8% from 39,678 in 2000.[1] Its county seat is Pontiac.[2]

The Pontiac Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Livingston County.

History[edit]

Livingston was established on February 27, 1837. It was formed from parts of McLean, LaSalle, and Iroquois counties, and named after Edward Livingston, a prominent politician who was mayor of New York City and represented New York in the United States House of Representatives and Louisiana in both houses of Congress. He later served as Andrew Jackson's Secretary of State and as Minister to France. Although he had no connections to Illinois, the General Assembly found him accomplished enough to name a county after him.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 1,045.93 square miles (2,708.9 km2), of which 1,044.28 square miles (2,704.7 km2) (or 99.84%) is land and 1.64 square miles (4.2 km2) (or 0.16%) is water.[3]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 759
1850 1,552 104.5%
1860 11,637 649.8%
1870 31,471 170.4%
1880 38,450 22.2%
1890 38,455 0.0%
1900 42,035 9.3%
1910 40,465 −3.7%
1920 39,070 −3.4%
1930 39,092 0.1%
1940 38,838 −0.6%
1950 37,809 −2.6%
1960 40,341 6.7%
1970 40,690 0.9%
1980 41,381 1.7%
1990 39,301 −5.0%
2000 39,678 1.0%
2010 38,950 −1.8%
Est. 2012 38,647 −0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
2012 Estimate[5]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 39,678 people, 14,374 households, and 9,946 families residing in the county. The population density was 38 people per square mile (15/km²). There were 15,297 housing units at an average density of 15 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.32% White, 5.17% Black or African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.22% from other races, and 0.80% from two or more races. 2.66% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 35.6% were of German, 22.9% English and 12.4% Irish ancestry. 96.8% spoke English and 2.4% Spanish as their first language.

There were 14,374 households out of which 32.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.80% were married couples living together, 8.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.80% were non-families. 26.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.00% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 29.60% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and 15.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 97.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $41,342, and the median income for a family was $47,958. Males had a median income of $36,414 versus $23,479 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,347. About 5.80% of families and 8.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.90% of those under age 18 and 8.50% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The Illinois Department of Corrections operates two prisons in the county.

Pontiac Correctional Center is located in Pontiac.[7] Pontiac houses the male death row. Prior to the January 11, 2003 commutation of death row sentences, male death row inmates were housed in Pontiac, Menard, and Tamms correctional centers.[8] Dwight Correctional Center is within Nevada Township in an unincorporated area in the county.[9][10] Dwight Correctional Center houses the State of Illinois female death row.[8]

Notable residents[edit]

Cities and towns[edit]

Townships[edit]

Livingston County is divided into thirty townships:

Climate and weather[edit]

Pontiac, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.6
 
30
14
 
 
1.4
 
36
18
 
 
2.8
 
48
29
 
 
3.4
 
62
39
 
 
3.8
 
73
50
 
 
4.1
 
82
60
 
 
4.1
 
85
64
 
 
3.6
 
83
62
 
 
3
 
77
54
 
 
2.7
 
65
42
 
 
3
 
49
31
 
 
2.5
 
35
20
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[11]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Pontiac have ranged from a low of 14 °F (−10 °C) in January to a high of 85 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −24 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1927 and a record high of 108 °F (42 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.44 inches (37 mm) in February to 4.11 inches (104 mm) in June.[11]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Livingston County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-11-05. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-11-05. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 27, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 27, 2013. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "Pontiac Correctional Center." Illinois Department of Corrections. Retrieved on September 1, 2010.
  8. ^ a b "DOC Report Online." Illinois Department of Corrections. Retrieved on September 1, 2010.
  9. ^ "Dwight village, Illinois." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on September 1, 2010.
  10. ^ "Dwight Correctional Center." Illinois Department of Corrections. Retrieved on September 1, 2001.
  11. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Pontiac, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 

Further reading[edit]

Coordinates: 40°53′N 88°34′W / 40.89°N 88.56°W / 40.89; -88.56