Livingston Manor

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This article contains information related to Livingston Manor, the 18th century New York estate. Livingston Manor, New York is a town in Sullivan County. The Livingston Manor Historic District is located in Highland Park, New Jersey.
Map of Livingston Manor in 1777

Livingston Manor was a 160,000 acre (650 square kilometres (250 sq mi)) tract of land granted to Robert Livingston the Elder through the influence of Governor Thomas Dongan, and confirmed by royal charter of George I of Great Britain in 1715, creating the manor and lordship of Livingston. This tract embraced a large portion of what is now Columbia County. The lords of the manor were:

The first division of the estate was made in 1728, when Robert Livingston the Elder stipulated that his son Robert Livingston be granted 13,000 acres (53 square kilometres (20 sq mi)) from Livingston Manor's southwest corner, a tract which Robert christened Clermont Manor. In 1790 the remainder of Livingston Manor was divided among the heirs of the last lord of the manor, Robert Livingston, rather than passed down through primogeniture, as Robert disapproved of his eldest son. The inheritors of the estate were all men who had distinguished themselves considerably during and after the American Revolution:

These four heirs subsequently divided the land among their own families, and the power of the Livingston family was slowly diminished. A portion of the estate is still held by the family. The town of Livingston, New York occupies part of the original tract.

Although an English-deeded tract, some sources list Livingston Manor with the patroonships of New Netherland.

Livingston Manor, New York[edit]

Livingston Manor in Sullivan County, New York capitalizes on the Livingston Manor name because Manor family members and descendants had a house there however it was not part of the original manor

The Sullivan County community (which is about 60 miles (97 km) west of the original manor) was part of the Hardenbergh patent in 1716 which included much of the Catskill Mountains.

In 1750 Robert Livingston (1708–1790) bought 95,000 acres (380 km2) in the area shortly after becoming the third (and final) Lord of the Manor of Livingston Manor. Most of the land would be sold or leased by 1780. Robert's third son John Robert Livingston (1775–1851)[1] deeded 8,441 acres (34.16 km2) to his nephew Dr. Edward R. Livingston in 1822 around area then called Purvis, New York.

Edward in 1864 and Purvis was renamed Livingston Manor in 1882.[2] Edward's "manor" (which was actually only a house) according to a sign in the village was on the site of the present village firehouse.[3] however other speculation says the house was on the location of the village Town Hall.[4]

Livingston Manor, New Jersey[edit]

The Reverend John Henry Livingston, a member of the Livingston family, was chosen head of Queen's College (now Rutgers University) and in 1809 purchased a 150-acre (0.61 km2) plot of land nearby Raritan Landing, which would thereafter be known as the Livingston Manor. A Greek Revival mansion built by descendents Robert and Louisa Livingston around 1843 stands on the property and is now known as Livingston Homestead. At the turn of the 20th century, the property was developed as a streetcar suburb, and in 2004 became part of the Livingston Manor Historic District.[5][6] The house and the district are listed on the New Jersey Register of Historic Places and the National Register of Historic Places.[7][8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ulster.net
  2. ^ LivingstonManor.net
  3. ^ LivingstoneManor.net
  4. ^ LivingstoneManor.net
  5. ^ Spies, Stacy. National Register nomination for Livingston Homestead (Washington, DC, National Park Service, 2001).
  6. ^ "Livingston Manor Historic District". Highland Park Historical Society. Retrieved 2011-07-06. 
  7. ^ "New Jersey and National Registers of Historic Places - Middlesex County". NJ DEP - Historic Preservation Office. June 2, 2011. p. 11. Retrieved July 5, 2011. 
  8. ^ "New Jersey - Middlesex County". National Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2011-07-05.