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|Birth name||Livio Abramo|
June 23, 1903|
Sao Paulo, Brazil
|Died||April 26, 1993
Livio Abramo (June 23, 1903 – April 26, 1993) was a Paraguayan sketcher, engraver, and aquarellist.
Abramo was born on June 23, 1903, in Araraquara, Brazil, to Italian parents. He described his father as a liberal and his paternal grandfather as an anarchist. Although born in Brazil, he adopted Paraguay as his nation and it was in this country that he produced much of his work.
In his book Etapas de un itinerario: grabados, dibujos, acuarelas de Livio Abramo (Phases of an Itinerary: Engraves, Drawing and Aquarelles From Livio Abramo) Abramo claimed that his artistic skills were entirely autodidactic, and that many of his creations were inspired by his political views.
After obtaining a major prize for his engravings in 1950, he travelled for almost two years in Europe, accompanied by his daughter Larissa. During this time he visited many European museums.
Abramo was a journalist for 33 years, and his political ideologies are expressed in his artistic work. He was very politically active; a trait which landed him in trouble on several occasions, with him spending some time in jail.
Abramo followed the studies of Brazilian nature, known as Itapecerica, Campos de Jordão (Fields of Jordao), and others. Following this, he created the series Obrero (Worker) and Guerra civil española (Spanish Civil War). Years later, he produced the xylo-engrave series in 1948 to illustrate the book Pelo Sertão, written by Brazilian writer Alfonso Arinos.
Following is a list of some important events during Abramo's career:
- 1951: Had a special room at the First Biennial of Modern Art of São Paulo; also had a special room at the sixth edition of the event.
- 1956: Provided an individual exposition to the Modern Arts Museum of Río de Janeiro, and another at São Paulo.
- 1957: Founded the engraving workshop Julián de la Herrería in Asunción.
- 1960: Along with engraver María Bonomi, founded the Estudio Gravura at São Paulo.
- 1964: Moved permanently to Asunción, where he worked training Paraguayan artists.
- 1976: Made an introspective show at the São Paulo Biennial.
- 1978: Invited to repeat his previous retrospective by the Modern Arts Museum of Río de Janeiro.
- 1983: Made an exposition in the Cultural Center of São Paulo.
- 1990: The Lasar Segall Museum organizes a retrospective of his work.
On April 26, 1992, a few months before turning 89 years old, he died in Asunción. Abramo was admired for his extraordinary humility, kindness, the integrity and clarity of his thoughts, and the thorough approach he employed in the training of many other artists. He was considered to be one of the renovators of the xylographic language of the 20th century.
His engravings can be found at the British Museum of London, the Museum of the Vatican, the Museum of Modern Art, the Metropolitan Museum of New York, the Riverside Museum, the Philadelphia Museum, The National Library of the Louvre in Paris, the Modern Arts Museums of São Paulo and Río de Janeiro, and the Visual Arts Center in Asunción, as well as in numerous private collections.
- Centro Cultural de la República.
- Diccionario Biográfico "FORJADORES DEL PARAGUAY", Primera Edición Enero de 2000. Distribuidora Quevedo de Ediciones. Buenos Aires, Argentina.