Livonia, Louisiana

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Coordinates: 30°33′37″N 91°33′01″W / 30.56028°N 91.55028°W / 30.56028; -91.55028
Town of Livonia
Town
Country United States
State Louisiana
Parish Pointe Coupee
Elevation 26 ft (7.9 m)
Coordinates 30°33′37″N 91°33′01″W / 30.56028°N 91.55028°W / 30.56028; -91.55028
Area 2.4 sq mi (6.2 km2)
 - land 2.4 sq mi (6 km2)
 - water 0.0 sq mi (0 km2), 0%
Population 1,339 (2000)
Density 741.3 / sq mi (286.2 / km2)
Mayor Troy Chustz (D) (elected 2012)
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 70755
Area code 225
Location of Livonia in Louisiana
Location of Louisiana in the United States

Livonia (pronounced Le Vone ya) is a town in Pointe Coupee Parish, Louisiana, United States. The population was 1,339 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Baton Rouge Metropolitan Statistical Area. The town is home to Livonia High School. Its main police agency is the Livonia Police Department.

According to a 2007 Louisiana Legislative report,[1] Livonia made 41.18% of its revenue, an average of roughly $349 per capita, from fines and forfeitures in the 2005 fiscal year.

District 17 State Senator Rick Ward, III, was born in Livonia and resides in Maringouin, also in Iberville Parish.[2]

Early history[edit]

The area of present day Livonia has been occupied by several American Indian tribes, including Chitimacha, Houma, Tunica-Biloxi, Attakapas, and Coushatta and the site of the conical Livonia Mound. With a base of 165 feet and nearly 31 (30.7) feet tall, is the tallest of 10 remaining Indian burial mounds in Pointe Coupee Parish. Dated to the Coles Creek archaeological culture (400AD-1100AD) period,[3] the mound sits between La 77 and La 78, 150 feet from Bayou Grosse Tête. A second low-rise unnamed mound (destroyed by the mid-1900s) is located 200 feet southeast and a third was reportedly south of these on the waters edge.[4]

History[edit]

France ruled Louisiana from 1699 to 1763, when Great Britain took control of the territory to the east of the Mississippi River and Spain to the west. Spain controlled the western territory until 1800 when Napoleon again took control for France.[5] From 1764 to 1785 French Canadians migrated to Louisiana but the majority came after being expelled from Acadia. While it is unknown if any number of Acadians settled in the area of Livonia after the expulsion the 2000 census revealed that 5.6% of the parish spoke French, Cajun French, or Louisiana Creole French.

The Post office opened 1846[6] and was named by first postmaster James B. Johnson for his native Livonia, Pennsylvania.[7] The Post office opened 1846[8] and was named by first postmaster James B. Johnson for his native Livonia, Pennsylvania.[7]

Geography[edit]

Livonia is located at 30°33′37″N 91°33′1″W / 30.56028°N 91.55028°W / 30.56028; -91.55028 (30.560159, -91.550165).[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.8 square miles (4.7 km2), all land.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 1,339 people, 502 households, and 380 families residing in the town. The population density was 741.3 people per square mile (285.6/km²). There were 545 housing units at an average density of 301.7 per square mile (116.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 91.04% White, 8.51% African American, 0.15% Asian, and 0.30% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.60% of the population.

There were 502 households out of which 40.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.9% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.3% were non-families. 21.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the town the population was spread out with 28.2% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 32.3% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 9.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 96.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $37,000, and the median income for a family was $42,721. Males had a median income of $36,685 versus $22,036 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,756. About 7.9% of families and 13.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.4% of those under age 18 and 24.8% of those age 65 or over.

Culture[edit]

The town is host to the annual Livonia Lions Club Mardi Gras parade which is held the weekend before Mardi Gras Day.

Probably one of Livonia's most famous international tourists was Edward VIII, the Duke of Windsor, who arrived by train following the Mardi Gras celebration in New Orleans, Louisiana in 1950.[11]

See also[edit]

Mound Builders

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.thenewspaper.com/rlc/docs/2007/la-speedtraps.pdf Louisiana speed traps
  2. ^ "Senator Rick Ward, III". labi.org. Retrieved July 17, 2013. 
  3. ^ archaeological dating- Retrieved 2014-05-29
  4. ^ Livonia mound- p. 2-3; Retrieved 2014-05-29
  5. ^ Louisiana history- Retrieved 2014-05-30
  6. ^ Livonia Post Office- Retrieved 2014-05-31
  7. ^ a b Naming of Livonia Post Office- Retrieved 2014-05-31
  8. ^ Livonia Post Office- Retrieved 2014-05-31
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ Lockhart, John M. "Did You Know?", The Riverside Reader, January 14, 2008, p. 1