Ljig

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Ljig
Љиг
Municipality and Town
Monument to the Partisans
Monument to the Partisans
Flag of Ljig
Flag
Coat of arms of Ljig
Coat of arms
Location of the municipality of Ljig within Serbia
Location of the municipality of Ljig within Serbia
Coordinates: 44°13′N 20°11′E / 44.217°N 20.183°E / 44.217; 20.183Coordinates: 44°13′N 20°11′E / 44.217°N 20.183°E / 44.217; 20.183
Country  Serbia
District Kolubara
Settlements 27
Government
 • Mayor Miroslav Maksimović (independent)
Area[1]
 • Municipality 279 km2 (108 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)[2]
 • Town 5,000
 • Municipality 12,730
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 14240
Area code +381 14
Car plates VA
Website www.ljig.rs

Ljig (Serbian Cyrillic: Љиг) is a town of 3,219 inhabitants[1] in central Serbia. It is surrounded by a municipality of the same name, which has a total of 12,730 inhabitants.[2]

Ljig is an underdeveloped region of Serbia, surrounded by Mount Rajac and Mount Rudnik. It was struck by an earthquake in 2003 and a drought in 2004.

Municipality[edit]

Forest in Cvetanovac

The town of Ljig is the economic and cultural center of the municipality with a primary school founded in 1907, a high school, a public library with a cinema, a health center and a post office.

The other settlements of Ljig municipality are Ivanovci, Kozelj, Lalinci, Veliševac, Babajić, Ba, Kadina Luka, Kalanjevci, Jajčić, Liplje, Moravci, Stavica, Gukoš, Milavac, Brančić, Poljanice, Latković, Slavkovica, Paležnica, Belanovica, Bošnjanović, Donji Banjani, Dići, Cvetanovac, Živkovci and Šutci.

History[edit]

The recorded history of the Ljig settlement begins in 1911, when a railroad was built between Lajkovac and Gornji Milanovac. The ruins of the Vavedenje monastery, however, include impressive sarcophagi dating from the 15th century, believed to belong to the Serbian despots Stefan Branković and Đurađ Branković. According to legend, Djuradj's wife, Jerina, was buried there as well.

An early reference to "Ljig" can be found in the 17th century records of Evliya Çelebi, which describe "LIGmehri" (the Ljig River) rising from Kara Dag[disambiguation needed] in the village Baht (today's Ba) and flowing into the Kolubara River near Valjevo. No settlement in the area was known to the Austrians when they occupied Serbia from 1717 to 1739. By 1818, however, the nearby settlement Gukosi had grown to 50 homes.

A railway station was built in 1917 near the present-day center of Ljig. This lower area under the Gukoši hill includes a small settlement with a municipal court, school, inn, two stores, two textile mills, three tailors and several houses, and when still part of Gukoši had been referred to as the area "on the Ljig River."

During World War I, the Battle of Kolubara was fought nearby, making this area significant in history of Serbia and of war, and in military science. A monument memorializing the battle has been erected on Rajac Mountain.

Ljig separated from Gukoši in 1922, and by 1930 a school, health center and church were built. Prior to that time, Ljig residents had worshipped in Moravci.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Plum brandy, the Internet and the world", European Agency for Reconstruction press release on Ljig
  2. ^ 2002 Serbian National Census