Llanberis

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Llanberis
Llanberis from above.JPG
Llanberis seen from the bottom of Llanberis Path at the base of Snowdon.
Llanberis is located in Gwynedd
Llanberis
Llanberis
 Llanberis shown within Gwynedd
Population 1,954 
OS grid reference SH572602
Principal area Gwynedd
Ceremonial county Gwynedd
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CAERNARFON
Postcode district LL55
Dialling code 01286
Police North Wales
Fire North Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament Arfon
List of places
UK
Wales
Gwynedd

Coordinates: 53°07′10″N 4°07′52″W / 53.11931°N 4.13112°W / 53.11931; -4.13112

Llanberis is a village in Gwynedd, North Wales, on the southern bank of the lake Llyn Padarn and at the foot of Snowdon, the highest mountain in Wales. It is a popular centre for outdoor activities in Snowdonia, including walking, mountaineering, climbing, mountain biking and pony trekking as well as water sports such as Scuba Diving. The international fell race known as the Snowdon Race (Welsh: Ras Yr Wyddfa) to the summit of Snowdon begins in the village.[1]

Llanberis takes its name from Saint Peris, an early Welsh saint.[2] It is twinned with the Italian town of Morbegno in Lombardy.

History[edit]

See also: Notable people

St Padarn's church

The village originally grew up around the slate quarrying industry.[3] Since the demise of the quarries in the 1930s, the area has seen a resurgence based on tourism. Another major local employer is Dinorwig Power Station.

The ruins of Dolbadarn Castle, which were famously painted by Richard Wilson and J.M.W. Turner, stand above the village. The 13th century fortress was built by Llywelyn the Great and is a grade I listed building.[4]

The churches of St Peris and of St Padarn are both grade II* listed buildings, as is the chapel of Capel Coch. [5]

In the 18th century Llanberis was the home of the legendary strong woman Marged Ferch Ifan.[6]

Demographics[edit]

According to the United Kingdom Census 2011, the population of Llanberis was 2,026. The 2001 census also revealed that 81% of the population speak Welsh fluently, with all of those aged 10–15 able to speak the language.

Local attractions[edit]

Llanberis Station forecourt

Places of interest in and near the village include the Snowdon Mountain Railway, the National Slate Museum, the Llanberis Lake Railway and Padarn country park. Tours of Dinorwig power station are also available from a purpose-built visitor centre.[7]

The village is a popular starting point for ascents of Snowdon because the Llanberis Path begins in the village. Although it is the longest route, it is the least rigorous route to the summit, largely following the line of the Snowdon Mountain Railway. This makes it the most popular walking route on the mountain.[8]

Llanberis Mountain Rescue Team deals with 150–200 incidents a year[9] and is one of the busiest mountain rescue teams in the country. The team is run entirely by volunteers who rely solely on donations from the public for funding.

Llanberis Mountain Film Festival, which is held in annually in February, began in 2004.[10]

Transport[edit]

Llanberis Lake Railway
Padarn Railway
Pen-Y-Llyn
Passing loop
Cei Llydan
Gilfach Ddu
Dinorwic Quarry
Llyn Padarn
Llanberis
Carnarvonshire Railway
Snowdon Mountain Railway

Bus services to Llanberis are provided mainly by Express Motors, after Padarn Bus went into receivership in 2014. and include a number of open-top routes.[11]

The village used to be served by Llanberis railway station on a branch line of the Carnarvonshire Railway. Passenger services ceased in 1932; freight continued until closure in 1964.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Parker; Whitfield (2003), p. 386.
  2. ^ Parker, Mike; Whitfield, Paul (2003). The Rough Guide To Wales. Rough Guides. p. 501.
  3. ^ Else, David; Berry, Oliver (2005). Great Britain. Lonely Planet. p. 720.
  4. ^ Llanberis Pass, North Wales. Tate Collection.
  5. ^ "Listed Buildings in Llanberis, Gwynedd, Wales". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 17 December 2013. 
  6. ^ "Cary B - Marged Ferch Ifan". Cary B. Retrieved 15 July 2014. 
  7. ^ Lewis, Tim (11 April 2009). Things to do this Easter. WalesOnline.
  8. ^ Snowdonia National Park website
  9. ^ "About Llanberis MRT". Llanberis Mountain Rescue Team. Retrieved 2013-08-08. 
  10. ^ Crump, Eryl (11 February 2008). Fifth film festival set for Llanberis. Daily Post.
  11. ^ Clark, Rhodri (July 2009). "Welsh takeover with a difference". Buses (652): 34–36. 
  12. ^ Baughan, Peter E. (1980). North and mid Wales. David & Charles. p. 105.

External links[edit]