Llanelli shown within Carmarthenshire
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Postcode district||SA14, SA15|
|Dialling code||01554, 01267|
|Fire||Mid and West Wales|
Llanelli ("St Elli's Parish"; Welsh pronunciation: [ɬaˈnɛɬi]), the largest town in both the county of Carmarthenshire and the preserved county of Dyfed, Wales, sits on the Loughor estuary on the West Wales coast, approximately 10 miles (16 km) west-northwest of Swansea and 12 miles (19 km) south-east of the county town, Carmarthen. The town is famous for its proud rugby tradition and is a centre of tinplate production.
In the mid-20th century, Llanelli was the largest town in the world where more than half the population spoke a Celtic language. It is ranked the 7th largest urban area in Wales. According to the 2001 UK Census returns, 29.69% of Llanelli town residents could speak the Welsh language.
Llanelli is surrounded by a number of villages and communities in the Llanelli Rural district. Some of these communities, especially ones that immediately surround the town, are often unofficially referred to as Llanelli.
- 1 History
- 2 Economy
- 3 Religion
- 4 Brewing
- 5 Sport
- 6 Media
- 7 Leisure and tourism
- 8 Location
- 9 Transport
- 10 Education
- 11 Etymology of Llanelli
- 12 Government
- 13 Current developments
- 14 Notable people
- 15 Culture
- 16 Welsh language
- 17 See also
- 18 References
- 19 External links
- see also Timeline of Llanelli history
Historically a mining town, Llanelli grew significantly in the 18th century and 19th century with the mining of coal and later the tinplate industry and steelworks. Many of these industries were served by the Llanelly and Mynydd Mawr Railway which opened in 1803.
Llanelli became such a significant regional producer of tin that it was referred to as "Tinopolis" by the latter half of the 19th century. The closure of coal mines and competition from overseas steel plants meant that Llanelli, like many other towns in southern Wales, saw significant and sustained economic decline from the late 1970s.
People from Llanelli are sometimes nicknamed "Turks". The origin of this name is uncertain. One theory is that many Turkish sailors once called at the port of Llanelli during their voyages.
The area around Llanelli in eastern Carmarthenshire is home to a number of manufacturing companies (including the Tata Steel Europe tinplate works at Trostre, and Dyfed Steels), many of which service the automotive industry. The Technium Performance Engineering Centre was developed at Llanelli Gate as a business incubator for businesses in the automotive, motorsport and aerospace sectors. The traditional industries of Llanelli have been in gradual decline over recent decades and local government has responded by promoting developments such as the Machynys Golf Course, new retail parks at Trostre and Pemberton, and the Millennium Coastal Park, to help attract tourism. The core shopping area has now largely relocated from the town centre to the Trostre/Pemberton area.
From the early 19th to the late 20th century, Llanelli was a major centre of Welsh nonconformism and there were many notable chapels in the town. Several of these have now closed and others are in serious decline. Their history was chronicled in a volume by BBC journalist Huw Edwards.
Of these chapels several are significant, including Capel Als, where David Rees was a minister for many years in the 19th century.
The Tabernacle Chapel, built in 1872–73, occupies a site bordered by Coleshill Terrace, Church Street and Coldstream Street. A prominent feature is the four-pillared Corinthian arcade at the entrance. It was Grade II* listed in December 1992. It is used as a venue by the Llanelli Choral Society.
The Reverend James Buckley was an ordained Methodist minister, born in Oldham, Lancashire in 1770. After moving to Llanelli towards the end of the 18th century, he became involved in the establishment of a small brewery in the town. After the death of the owner, the Rev. Buckley came into the possession of the brewery and changed its name to Buckley's Brewery. In 1998, the brewery was purchased by Brains Brewery, and production was transferred to their brewery in Cardiff. However, Brains continue to produce The Reverend James, a bitter named in memory of the Reverend. The brewery has now been partly demolished.
The town's rugby union teams—the Scarlets regional side, competing in the Rabo Direct Pro 12 League, and Llanelli RFC, competing in the Principality Premiership—play at Parc y Scarlets, opened in November 2008 just outside of town in Pemberton.
Previously, the two teams had played at Stradey Park, home to Llanelli RFC for over 130 years. It was one of the stadiums used during the 1999 Rugby World Cup, hosting the Argentina v Western Samoa game on 10 October. Stradey Park is now being re-developed.
The Welsh folk song Sosban Fach ("Little Saucepan") is mostly associated with Llanelli RFC. Many rugby clubs have notable scalps collected from touring international sides, but on 31 October 1972, Llanelli claimed perhaps the greatest by beating the New Zealand All Blacks. The Scarlets side emerged 9–3 winners at Stradey Park.
There is also a strong junior rugby core in Llanelli, including club sides such as Felinfoel, New Dock Stars and the Llanelli Wanderers. In 2005, Coedcae School won the Inter-Schools Cup of Wales with an 8–5 victory over Brynteg Comprehensive.
- Rugby league
Stebonheath Park is the home of football club Llanelli A.F.C. Although Llanelli has a rich rugby heritage, football is also a very popular pastime. As a result there are many active local football teams such Trostre Sports AFC, which is one of the area's best local football teams.
Llanelli hosts the annual Llanelli Open Bowls Tournaments, the oldest and most prestigious of which, the Roberts-Rolfe Open Singles event, has been run since 1926, and now has a first prize of £600. These are held from July to September in Parc Howard.
The Llanelli area has two golf courses, including the Machynys Peninsula Golf & Country Club which hosted the Wales Ladies Championship of Europe from 2005 until 2008; and Glyn Abbey Golf Club which was named Welsh Golf Club of the Year 2009.
Llanelli is also the birthplace and home to Terry Griffiths OBE, snooker world champion in 1979 and runner up in 1988. Now a coach and snooker commentator, he runs The Terry Griffiths Matchroom in the town centre.
The town has its own newspaper, the Llanelli Star, an online community news magazine called Your Llanelli and a radio station, Scarlet FM. Other stations that cover the area are 96.4 The Wave, Swansea Sound and Scarlet FM's sister station Radio Carmarthenshire, and Radio BGM which serves the Prince Philip Hospital and the local community via its online service
Llanelli is home to the company Tinopolis, one of the Britain's largest independent media producers. The company has many subsidiaries, which produce over 2,500 hours of broadcast television, including English language television programmes such as Question Time for the BBC and Welsh-language television programs such as Wedi 7 for S4C. Llanelli also has LTTV, which is an online community TV station for area.
Leisure and tourism
Over the past decade, the emphasis on heavy industry that once played an important part in the district has changed to an emphasis on creating tertiary sector employment in leisure and tourism. Llanelli is now being developed as a leisure and tourism destination, with many ongoing developments such as the new Llanelli Scarlets rugby stadium, the Old Castle Works leisure village (see below) and a National Hunt racecourse at Ffos Las near Trimsaran
Some local attractions include:
- The Millennium Coastal Path, which spans 13 miles (21 km) of coastline from Loughor to Pembrey, offers views of the Gower Peninsula and the opportunity for traffic-free cycling.
- National Wetlands Centre, about 1-mile (1.6 km) east of Llanelli, is one of nine wetland nature reserves managed by the Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust.
- Llanelly House is one of Llanelli's most historic properties, an example of an early 18th-century Georgian town house. The house, located directly opposite the parish church, is currently in a poor state of repair, however the town council has recently purchased it with plans to completely restore the house for civic and public use. The house was built for Thomas Stepney, the Member of Parliament for Carmarthenshire, in 1714. John Wesley, the early leader of the Methodist movement, stayed at the house several times. The house was also featured in the first series of the BBC television show, Restoration.
- Parc Howard Museum is set in the grounds of Park Howard. The museum houses a collection of Llanelly Pottery (Llanelli spelt with a 'y' at the time of the pottery) an art collection and material related to the history of the town.
The Ffwrnes Theatre opened in late 2012, replacing the former Theatr Elli which was part of the Llanelli Entertainment Centre. A multi-screen cinema opened in October 2012. Millions of pounds are also being spent on regenerating the town centre shopping district. These plans are in addition to Parc y Scarlets.
Throughout the year, there are many festivals, carnivals and events held in or near Llanelli. Some of these include:
- Welsh International Open, a competition of the World Bowls Tour (February)
- Into the Future Festival — educational event about the environment and technology, organised by the county council (August)
- Llanelli Big Day Out — pop and live music event (August)
- Llanelli Beer Festival — official CAMRA event (August)
- Llanelli Christmas Carnival (November)
Llanelli Ramblers Festival of Walks, an annual walking festival, late Spring Bank Holiday weekend (May)
The town lies on the River Lliedi, although much of the river is not visible, most especially in the town centre, where the river is underneath the town.
Llanelli is located on the south coast of West Wales, but is linked to many national locations via good road, rail and air services. The town is linked to the M4 motorway via the A4138. There is also a link to Swansea via the Loughor bridge on the A484. Llanelli is served by regular local bus services between Swansea and Carmarthen and National Express Coaches between many major UK destinations.
Rail provides an important link to the town from Llanelli railway station which is located at Great Western Crescent south of the town centre. The station is connected to Fishguard and Swansea along the West Wales Line. The station is also the terminus of the Heart of Wales Line, which connects the town to Mid Wales and Craven Arms, and then Shrewsbury via the Welsh Marches Line. There are twice daily train services connecting the town with London Paddington and regular services to Cardiff Central, and Manchester Piccadilly. The district of Llanelli is also served by four local railway stations at Bynea, Llangennech, Pembrey &Burry Port and Kidwelly.
Cycling to Llanelli is another option as the town is connected to the National Cycle Network from the north on NCR 43, and along the coast from the east and west on NCR 4. These routes are directly connected to the town centre via a cycle path.
Primary and secondary
The first Welsh-medium primary school, Ysgol Dewi Sant, was established in Llanelli in 1947. However, the majority of children in Llanelli attend English-medium schools. The English medium secondary schools are St John Lloyd, Bryngwyn, Glan-y-Môr (Burry Port), and Coedcae; the only Welsh medium secondary school is Ysgol y Strade. There is also a special school for children with disabilities, Ysgol Heol Goffa, and a private school, St Michael's, based in the Bryn area.
Further and higher education
Coleg Sir Gâr (Carmarthenshire College) has its main campus at Graig near Pwll. It provides a college education for most of the town's further education students as well as a limited variety of vocational undergraduate degrees through the University of Wales. There are also sixth form colleges at Ysgol Gyfun y Strade (Welsh medium) and St Michael's (English medium).
Etymology of Llanelli
'Llanelli' or 'Llanelly'
The spelling 'Llanelly' is an anglicised form which was used until 1966, after which it was changed following a local public campaign. This is evident in the name of the local historic building, 'Llanelly House'. It can also lead to confusion with the village and parish, Llanelly, which is in south-east Wales near Abergavenny.
|Mayor||Cllr. Roger Price|
|Carmarthenshire County Council|
|Leader||Cllr. Kevin Madge|
|Cllr. J. Edmunds (Bigyn)
Cllr. E. Morgan (Bigyn)
Cllr. J. P. Jenkins (Elli)
Cllr. W. Lemon (Glanymor)
Cllr. L. Roberts (Glanymor)
Cllr. W. Thomas (Lliedi)
Cllr. J. Williams (Lliedi)
Cllr. K. P. Thomas (Tyisha)
Cllr. J. Owen (Tyisha)
|United Kingdom Parliament|
|National Assembly for Wales|
Llanelli is within the Llanelli parliamentary constituency, which is presently represented by the elected Labour party member Nia Griffith MP, and the National Assembly for Wales constituency, which is represented by Labour's Keith Davies AM. Llanelli is run on a community level by Llanelli Town Council and Llanelli Rural Council (depending on the area of town) and Carmarthenshire County Council on a local government level. Note that Llanelli Rural Council addresses some part of the town, but mainly the Llanelli Rural community. Recently, there have been many decisions made by the Carmarthenshire authorities, including the Carmarthenshire County Council and Local Health Board that have been very unpopular and damaging to the communities of Llanelli. In reaction to this, there have been calls to reinstate the local government district of Llanelli either as a county or as the City of Llanelli, making the entire area independent of Carmarthenshire.
- Agen, France
- New Dock
- Seaside, Llanelli
- Llanelli Town centre
Llanelli Waterside, a joint venture between Carmarthenshire County Council and the Welsh Assembly Government, is a project that aims to drive the regeneration of the Llanelli area by transforming the waterfront into a business, leisure and residential community. Currently, there are two seafront housing developments under construction. Pentre Nicklaus Village, located on the Machynys Peninsula has been the subject of recent criticism for being above the price range of local people. Pentre Doc Y Gogledd (North Dock Village) in the historic North Dock area is currently being developed by David Mclean homes and is currently on the last phase of development.
- Phil Bennett, fly-half, Wales and British Lions.
- Jonathan Davies, rugby footballer
- Melbourne Tierney, rugby footballer
- Carwyn James, Llanelli, Wales, British Lions coach
- Dwayne Peel, rugby player, Wales and British Lions.
- Ray Gravell, rugby player for Wales, the British Lions and Llanelli RFC, actor and broadcaster.
- Terry Griffiths, world snooker champion (1979).
- Gareth Jenkins, coach: Llanelli RFC (1982–2003), Llanelli Scarlets (2003–2006), Welsh national rugby team (2006–2007).
- Derek Quinnell, rugby player for Wales, British Lions and Llanelli RFC
- Eirian Williams, snooker referee.
- Barry John, Llanelli, Cardiff, Wales, British Lions
- Kyle Letheran, Plymouth Argyle F.C goalkeeper.
- Neil Haddock, boxer, British Superfeatherweight Champion/European Lightweight title challenger.
- Byron Stevenson, Wales international footballer.
- Jeff Evans, First Class Cricket Umpire
- Dai Greene, athlete 400m hurdler, world champion and Gold medalist for IAAF championships at Daegu, South Korea
- Ieuan Evans, Llanelli 1984–1997, Wales, British Lions
- Flex Lewis, bodybuilder, ex-rugby footballer
Government and politics
- Lord Elwyn Jones, Labour Lord Chancellor 1974–79.
- Rod Richards, former Conservative member of parliament for Clwyd North West and former leader of the Conservative party at the National Assembly for Wales
- Michael Howard, British politician, former leader of the Conservative party
Art, media and entertainment
- Ronald Cass, film writer and composer
- Sophie Dee, adult film actress
- Huw Edwards, BBC newsreader
- Sam Evans, winner of Big Brother 14 (UK)
- Pam Ferris, actress
- Gareth Hughes, silent film actor, born in Halfway/Pemberton
- James Dickson Innes, artist
- Jessica Garlick, Eurovision Song Contest 2002 UK entrant and Pop Idol finalist
- Gary Griffiths, opera singer
- Deke Leonard, rock musician, author, raconteur and TV panellist
- Terry Morris, artist and photographer
- Natasha O'Keeffe, television actress
- Christopher Rees, singer, songwriter, musician.
- Rachel Roberts, actress
- Dorothy Squires, singer and second wife of actor Roger Moore.
- Donald Swann, of Flanders and Swann
- Huw Thomas, ITN, newscaster
- Imogen Thomas, former Big Brother contestant and glamour model
- Rev'd Dr Leslie John Griffiths, The Lord Griffiths of Burry Port, Methodist Minister.
- Sir John Meurig Thomas, chemist
- Brian Trubshaw, pilot of first flight of British Concorde
Llanelli has hosted the National Eisteddfod six times: in 1895, 1903, 1930, 1962, 2000 and 2014.
During the 1950s, Trefor and Eileen Beasley campaigned to get Llanelli Rural Council to distribute tax papers in Welsh by refusing to pay taxes until their demand was met. The council reacted by sending in the bailiffs and selling their furniture to recover the money owed. The Beasleys' neighbours bought the furniture and returned it to them. The council finally reversed this policy during the 1960s when they accepted that the Welsh language should be equal with the English language.
- Llanelli railway strike, 1911
- Llanelli Urban Area, Census, 2011 ONS: Census 2011 Key Statistics
- Some rural areas of SA14, such as Cross Hands, have dialling code 01267
- Paxton, J. (1999) The Penguin Encyclopedia of Places. 3rd edition. London: Penguin.
- The Welsh Academy Encyclopedia of Wales. Cardiff: University of Wales Press 2008.
- Carmarthenshire County Council: Area and density of Community Wards
- Waller, Robert; Criddle, Byron (1999). The Almanac of British Politics. Almanac of British Politics (Psychology Press). p. 326. ISBN 978-0-415-18541-7.
- DISTRICT SPECIFICATION AND LOCAL INFORMATION FOR SOUTH WEST WALES
- Technium Performance Engineering
- Strategic Development Project: Overview of Progress
- National Statistics, Introduction to the 2001-based Travel-to-Work Areas
- "Listed Buildings in Llanelli, Carmarthenshire, Wales". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 21 December 2013.
- Edwards, H. (2099), Capeli Llanelli: Our Rich Heritage, Carmarthenshire County Council, ISBN 0906821789
- Felinfoel Brewery official site
- Gorseinon: An odd name for a pub
- 10–3 in today's scoring system.
- National Hunt Racecourse at Ffos Las, Trimsaran.
- [dead link]
- Park Howard Museum
- Press Release – New Theatre in Llanelli
- Llanelli Star article 15 August 2012>
- County Council Report on Regeneration Masterplan
- ItFF 2006 website
- LBDO 2006 website
- LBF 2006 website
- Llanelli Postgraduate Centre test
- "Llanelli Town Council".
- Llanelli Rural Council
- Llanelli Town Council
- Carmarthenshire County Council Guide to Council-run services/Attractions in Llanelli
- www.geograph.co.uk : photos of Llanelli and surrounding area
- Llanelli Community Heritage Promoting Llanelli's rich heritage
- Llanelli Town.com