Llanfyllin

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Llanfyllin
Llanfyllin memorial 340x255.jpg
Llanfyllin Town Square
Llanfyllin is located in Powys
Llanfyllin
Llanfyllin
 Llanfyllin shown within Powys
Population 1,407 [1]
   – London 180 mi (290 km)  
Principal area Powys
Ceremonial county Powys
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LLANFYLLIN
Postcode district SY22
Police Dyfed-Powys
Fire Mid and West Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament Montgomeryshire
Welsh Assembly Montgomeryshire
Website llanfyllin.org
List of places
UK
Wales
Powys

Coordinates: 52°46′N 3°16′W / 52.77°N 3.27°W / 52.77; -3.27

Llanfyllin (About this sound Welsh pronunciation ) is a small town in Powys, Wales. Llanfyllin's population in 2011 was 1,532 according to the UK 2011 census. (At the date of the 2001 Census the population was 1,407, of which over half had knowledge of the Welsh language).[1] Llanfyllin means church or parish (llan) of St. Myllin ('m' frequently mutates to 'f' in Welsh).

Geography[edit]

The Valley

The town lies in a valley by the Berwyn Mountains in Montgomeryshire, 14 miles (23 km) southwest of Oswestry, 15 miles (24 km) from Montgomery, and 180 miles (290 km) from London. Two streams named Cain and Abel meander through the valley, flowing into the River Vyrnwy at Llansantffraid.[2]

History[edit]

The town sits on the main route between Shrewsbury and Bala, Gwynedd,[2] for a long time the key market towns in this area of Wales and the Welsh borders. In the suburb of Bodyddon, there exists evidence of both an early Briton settlement, and a Roman road which leads directly towards Offas Dyke.[2] Although the Mediolanum of the Antonine Itinerary has since been identified as Whitchurch in Shropshire, Llanfyllin may be the Mediolanum among the Ordovices described in Ptolemy's Geography,[3] although others argue for Meifod[3][4] or Caersws.[5]

The town is known for its holy well dedicated to Saint Myllin, who baptised people at Fynnon Coed y Llan, drawing early settlers.[2][6]

Granted its charter by Llywelyn ap Dafydd under Edward I, and confirmed by Edward de Charlton, Lord of Powys under Henry V, making Llanfyllin a market town.[2] In 1645, Charles I spent a night in Llanfyllin and, after having lunch the following day at Brithdir, continued his journey to Chirk Castle.[2][7]

An historic house known as The Hall still exists on Vine Square within the town.[7] In 1833 (in 'A Topical Dictionary of Wales' by Samuel Lewis) it was described as being built in 1599, but it is probably older.[2] John Drummond, 1st Earl of Melfort, the Roman Catholic ambassador from James II to the Pope is said to have been hidden in the house for a while when he fled to Llanfyllin for asylum after the Glorious Revolution.[8][2] The house was owned by Thomas Price, an antiquary and recusant.[8] The Hall is Grade II listed; its origins as 'Plas Uchaf' are 16th century, it is a T-shaped 2-storey timber-framed building with an attached open hall, remodelling in about 1599 added a floor in the hall and stairs between the house and the hall.[7] Charles I stayed at The Hall in September 1645.[7] It was further remodelled in 1832 with the addition of an extra storey and three gables facing the square.[7]

Llanfyllin Golf Club (now defunct) was founded in 1909. It did not appear following WW1.[9]

Architecture[edit]

The Church in Wales parish church of St Myllin was founded in the seventh century by the Irish Bishop of Hereford, Thomas Mylling. The present building dates back to 1706.

Llanfyllin is also increasingly well-known for the old Union Workhouse, known as Y Dolydd (Welsh for The Meadows) locally. Built in 1838, this old Victorian building had stood empty since the mid-1980s until a local voluntary group, the Llanfyllin Workhouse Project, got involved and are slowly renovating it to a make local centre for Arts, Creativity and the Environment. It is also home to the renowned Llanfyllin Workhouse Festival.

Education[edit]

The town has a single primary school, and the bilingual Llanfyllin High School, with approximately 1000 pupils.[10] It consistently performs well at GCSE level (5 GCSEs, grades A*-C),[10] with the latest Estyn inspection report rating it at 71%,[citation needed] 15th place of secondary schools in Wales.

Transport[edit]

Until 1960, Llanfyllin station was the terminus of the former Cambrian Railways Llanfyllin Branch, which connected to Oswestry via Llanymynech

The town sits on the main route between Shrewsbury and Bala, Gwynedd,[2] key market towns in this area of Wales and the Welsh borders. The A490 road connects the town to Churchstoke, and terminates just after passing through the town.

The Llanfyllin Branch of the Cambrian Railways opened in 1863, to enable access to the limestone quarries along the valley, terminating at Llanfyllin station.[11] The mainline from Oswestry to Newtown (Powys) closed in 1965, as resultantly did the branchline to Llanfyllin, under British Railways Beeching Axe.

The Lonely Tree of Llanfyllin[edit]

The Lonely Tree of Llanfyllin is a large Scots Pine in an isolated position on Green Hall Hill above the town (at 52°45′45″N 3°15′02″W / 52.7624°N 3.2506°W / 52.7624; -3.2506). It is estimated to be 200 years old. It features in several local traditions: it was hugged for good fortune, marriages were proposed at the tree and cremation ashes were scattered beneath it. The tree fell in a storm in February 2014 but was rescued by packing the roots of the fallen tree with nearly sixty tonnes of earth.[12]

The Lonely Tree was named Wales Tree of the Year 2014 by the Woodland Trust, and was entered in the 2015 European Tree of the Year competition.[13][14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=7&b=6099436&c=llanfyllin&d=14&e=13&g=415445&i=1001x1003x1004&m=0&r=1&s=1245360255125&enc=1&dsFamilyId=75
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Llanfyllin". The National Gazetteer. 1868. Retrieved 2012-02-11. 
  3. ^ a b Williams, Robert. "A History of the Parish of Llanfyllin" in Collections Historical & Archaeological Relating to Montgomeryshire, Vol. III, p. 59. J. Russell Smith (London), 1870.
  4. ^ Newman, John Henry & al. Lives of the English Saints: St. German, Bishop of Auxerre, Ch. X: "Britain in 429, A. D.", p. 92. James Toovey (London), 1844.
  5. ^ Roman Britain Organisation. "Mediomanum?" at Roman Britain. 2010.
  6. ^ "St.myllin's Well Coed Y Llan, Llanfyllin". Retrieved 17 April 2015. 
  7. ^ a b c d e "The Hall, Vine Square, Llanfyllin". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 17 April 2015. 
  8. ^ a b "PRICE , THOMAS SEBASTIAN". Dictionary of Welsh Biography. The National Library of Wales. Retrieved 17 April 2015. 
  9. ^ “Llanfyllin Golf Club”, “Golf’s Missing Links”.
  10. ^ a b http://www.llanfyllin-hs.powys.sch.uk/index.php?option=com_docman&task=doc_details&gid=131&Itemid=129&lang=en
  11. ^ "Llanymynech Heritage Area". Clwyd Powys Archaeological Trust. Retrieved 2012-02-10. 
  12. ^ Vidal, John (8 March 2014). "Welsh town comes together to save 'Lonely Tree'". The Guardian. Retrieved 5 March 2015. 
  13. ^ "Llanfyllin's 'Lonely Tree' is Wales' tree of the year". BBC News. 23 November 2014. Retrieved 5 March 2015. 
  14. ^ Barkham, Patrick (4 March 2015). "It’s the Eurovision for trees! Which one will you root for?". The Guardian. Retrieved 5 March 2015. 

External links[edit]