Llangurig

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Llangurig
Llangurig - geograph.org.uk - 70880.jpg
Llangurig village
Llangurig is located in Powys
Llangurig
Llangurig
 Llangurig shown within Powys
OS grid reference SN909797
Principal area Powys
Ceremonial county Powys
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Llanidloes
Postcode district SY18
Dialling code 01686
Police Dyfed-Powys
Fire Mid and West Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament Montgomeryshire
List of places
UK
Wales
Powys

Coordinates: 52°24′16″N 3°36′18″W / 52.40440°N 3.60513°W / 52.40440; -3.60513

Llangurig is a village in Powys, within the historic county boundaries of Montgomeryshire, Mid Wales, lying on the River Wye. The population is 670.

Llangurig is reputed to be the highest village in Wales at an altitude of 1,000 feet (300 m). The A470 trunk road passes through the village as do the National Cycle Route 8 and the Wye Valley Walk.

The 15th century parish church located in the village is dedicated to Saint Curig, its reputed founder, and is a grade II* listed building. There are also two small chapels.

The village has been home for many decades to a craft shop as well as two public houses, a number of bed and breakfasts and a small village shop and Post Office. The manor house, Clochfaen Hall, was designed by architect, William Arthur Smith Benson a designer of the Arts and Crafts movement. He also designed the drinking fountain between the road and the village green, the erection of which commemorates the completion of the village's piped water supply, a scheme begun by Colonel Lloyd-Verney to whom the fountain is also a memorial.[1]

Llangurig had a small primary school until 2008. In January 2003 the school had only 19 pupils[2] but fought a successful campaign against closure by the local council.[3] The school eventually closed at the end of the 2008 academic year.[4]

The village holds an annual agricultural show and sheepdog trials in August.

There have been many famous people who have connections to Llangurig. One of the most famous people to come from Llangurig was Francis Lewis (March 21, 1713 – December 31, 1802) who was a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence as a representative of New York.

Born in Llangurig, he was the child of Morgan Lewis and Anne Pettingale. The Lewis family were a sizable family and have always had a presence in and around the Llangurig area. Many decedents still live in the area today.

'The Railway that never was'[edit]

Main article: Llangurig branch

During the Victorian era, Llangurig nearly had a railway service. The Llangurig branch is noted in trivia as being the shortest lived working branch line in the UK, receiving precisely one train.

Wales' rail network was built piecemeal by many small companies, and Parliament mistakenly granted acts for two lines through the same piece of terrain, linking Llanidloes to Aberystwyth: one for the Manchester and Milford Railway; the other for the Mid-Wales Railway. The M&MR intended to connect the two settlements with a route across Wales, to enable the industrialised Northwest to access the deep-water port in Milford Haven, West Wales.

The Llangurig branch line as built

The MWR was authorized to build its line by act of parliament in 1859.[5] The M&M was likewise authorized in 1860. The line was to head west from Llanidloes by way of Llangurig to Pant Mawr, through a tunnel, turning southwards for Ysbyty Ystwyth and Tregaron, finally connecting with the Carmarthen & Cardigan Railway at Pencader.

After resolving difficulties of accessing Llanidloes through the creation of the joint Llanidloes and Newtown Railway, it would extend 1.5 miles (2.4 km) of double track southwards to Penpontbren, where the MWR and M&MR would diverge. The M&MR and MWR were to pay 5% per annum on construction costs and maintenance. Also the three companies were to pay equal shares of interest and running costs for the new station at Llanidloes. These charges were eventually to prove crippling for the M&MR.

The Llangurig branch was fully built, and a single goods train ran along its length, at which point the L&NR invoiced the M&MR for the cost of the joint station at Llanidloes. The branch service was immediately terminated, being wholly unprofitable without through traffic. The M&MR continued to pay for the cost of the joint station they could not reach.

By 1864 the M&MR had changed its plans for crossing the Pumlumon range, and hence stopped all work west of Llangurig. 1866 was a difficult year, including the collapse of the London Bank Overend, Gurney and Company, causing many industrial projects to encounter financial hardship. By 1876 MWR had still failed to build the new route, with an act of parliament permitting abandonment of the scheme. In 1882 the M&MHR started to dismantle the Llangurig branch, lifting 1.5 miles (2.4 km) of the essentially unused track for maintenance purposes elsewhere.

A large part of the route east of Llangurig is marked on current OS maps as 'dismantled railway', much of the course close to the A470 road through Nant gwynwydd being clearly visible. Some earthworks and tunnel headings survive from the original M&MR scheme west of Llangurig, as can Llangurig station.[6]

Mail Bus[edit]

Britains First Mail Bus The first Post Bus service was introduced on 20 February 1967. This ran between Llanidloes and Llangurig, North Wales. A photograph of the first Post Bus is below. The Post Bus driver at the inauguration was Mr J. S. Owen. Also shown is Mrs Gladys Stevens, the first passenger on the new service.

Post Buses covered 300 routes at their peak, where they ran mostly in Scotland and the South East of England. They provided a lifeline for isolated communities that may have lost their local bus service. Combining mail delivery and collection with passenger transport was a simple solution, and also forged stronger ties between the Post Office and its customers.

More recent changes in Royal Mail business policy, such as single day delivery, have seen the number of services decline drastically and there are now less than twenty Post Buses remaining

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Public Monument and Sculpture Association National Recording Project Accessed August 14, 2006
  2. ^ ESTYN Llangurig School Inspection Report January 2003 Accessed August 14, 2005
  3. ^ BBC NEWS | Wales | Mid Wales | Schools vow to fight closures Accessed August 14, 2006
  4. ^ BBC NEWS | Wales | Mid Wales | School with eight pupils closes Accessed October 02 2008
  5. ^ Holden, J.S.The Manchester & Milford Railway. The Oakwood Press, Second Edition, 2007, Ch 1-4.
  6. ^ A view of Llangurig station