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Coordinates: 26°25′0″S 31°10′0″E / 26.41667°S 31.16667°E / -26.41667; 31.16667Coordinates: 26°25′0″S 31°10′0″E / 26.41667°S 31.16667°E / -26.41667; 31.16667
Country  Swaziland
District Hhohho
Population (2003)
 • Total 5,800

Lobamba is the traditional and legislative capital city of Swaziland, seat of the Parliament,[1] and residence of the Queen Mother.[2] It is located in the west of the country, in the Ezulwini Valley,[2] 16 km from Mbabane, in the district of Hhohho. In 1997 its population was 3,625.[2] Its present population is 5,800.[citation needed]

The Embo State Palace, the Royal Kraal, National Museum of Swaziland, Swazi National Museum, Parliament of Swaziland and a museum dedicated to Sobhuza II of Swaziland lie in the town, while the Mlilwane Wildlife Sanctuary[2] and Matsapha Airport lie nearby.


The city was built for Sobhuza II of Swaziland in 1830.[3]


Law enforcement[edit]

Lobamba has a police station and is served by The Royal Swaziland Police Service.[4]


Lobamba National High School is in Lobamba.[5]


National dancing at Lobamba in 1951

National Museum of Swaziland[edit]

The National Museum of Swaziland is located in Lobamba.[6] It was constructed in 1972 and received two expansions, in 1986 and 1990 (respectively).[6] It was declared a non-profit institution in 1974 by the International Council of Museums.[6] The museum collects, "...all natural and man-made objects that reflect both natural and cultural heritage of the Swazi and Southern African peoples;"[6]


Lobamba is famous for two ceremonies that are held there: the Reed Dance,[2] celebrated in August and September in honour of the Queen Mother, and the Incwala,[2] in December and January in honour of the King. These ceremonies include dancing, singing, and celebrations with traditional attire.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "The Parliament of Swaziland". Commonwealth Parliamentary Association. Accessed April 7, 2014.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Lobamba". Encyclopædia Britannica. Accessed April 8, 2014.
  3. ^ Pinchuck, Tony (July 5, 2012). The Rough Guide to South Africa, Lesotho & Swaziland. Penguin. ISBN 9781405390453. 
  4. ^ "Lobamba Police Station". Police.gov.sz. Accessed April 7, 2014.
  5. ^ Ndzimandze, Mbongiseni (September 12, 2009). "Lobamba National High snatches investment challenge". Weekend Observer. Accessed April 7, 2014.
  6. ^ a b c d "National Museum". Swaziland National Trust Commission. Accessed April 7, 2014.

External links[edit]