Lobito

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Lobito City
Cidade do Lobito
Municipality and city
Lobito restinga2.jpg
Flag of Lobito City
Flag
Official seal of Lobito City
Seal
Nickname(s): Flamingos City
Lobito City is located in Angola
Lobito City
Lobito City
Location in Angola
Coordinates: 12°22′S 13°32′E / 12.367°S 13.533°E / -12.367; 13.533Coordinates: 12°22′S 13°32′E / 12.367°S 13.533°E / -12.367; 13.533
Country  Angola
Province Benguela Province
Elevation 456 ft (139 m)
Population (2009)
 • Total 805,000
Time zone WAT (UTC+1)

Lobito is a town and municipality in Benguela Province in Angola.[1] It is located on the Atlantic Coast north of Catumbela Estuary.

It dates from 1905 and owes its existence to the bay of the same name having been chosen as the sea terminus of the Benguela railway to the far interior, passing through Luau to Katanga in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The city is located on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. The population is about 805.000 (2005).

History[edit]

Portuguese rule[edit]

Lobito, was built on a sandspit and reclaimed land, with one of Africa’s finest natural harbours, protected by a 5 km long sandspit. The old municipality (concelho) was created in 1843 by the Portuguese administration. The town was also founded in 1843 by order of Maria II of Portugal, and its harbour works were begun in 1903. Large developments, however, were not stimulated until the completion in 1928 of the important Benguela Railway, which connected Portuguese Angola with the Belgian Congo. Under Portuguese rule, the port was one of Angola’s busiest, exporting agricultural produce from the interior and handling transit trade from the mines of southeastern Belgian Congo and of Northern Rhodesia. Fishing, tourism and services were also important. The carnival in Lobito was also one of the most renowned and popular in Portuguese Angola.[2]

After independence from Portugal[edit]

Port of Lobito

After the April 25, 1974 Carnation Revolution in Lisbon, Angola was offered independence. Lobito’s port activities were highly limited by disruptions to railway transit and high insecurity during the Angolan Civil War (1975–2002). With peace and stability, in the 2000s, Lobito started the process of reconstruction and resumed its path to development.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Lobito
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28
(83)
29
(85)
31
(87)
30
(86)
28
(83)
26
(78)
23
(74)
23
(74)
24
(76)
26
(79)
28
(83)
28
(83)
27
(80.9)
Average low °C (°F) 22
(72)
23
(74)
24
(75)
24
(75)
22
(71)
19
(66)
17
(63)
17
(62)
18
(65)
21
(69)
22
(72)
22
(72)
20.9
(69.7)
Precipitation mm (inches) 20
(0.8)
38
(1.5)
119
(4.7)
53
(2.1)
3
(0.1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
3
(0.1)
3
(0.1)
30
(1.2)
30
(1)
61
(2.4)
360
(14)
Source: Weatherbase [3]

Transportation[edit]

Port[edit]

The Port of Lobito is located in Lobito Bay on a sandspit approximately 4.8km long. The port is administered by the Empresa Portuaria do Lobito. The Port of Lobito handles 2,000,000 tonnes of cargo and 370 ships annually, and along with economic development in the Benguala region, port facilities are under expansion.[4]

Airports[edit]

Lobito does not have its own airport. The city is located 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) from Catumbela Airport and 33 kilometres (21 mi) from Benguela Airport.[4]

International Relations[edit]

Lobito is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "City councils of Angola". Statoids. Retrieved April 7, 2009. 
  2. ^ LobitoAnosOuro.wmv, a film of the Lobito in Portuguese Angola, before independence from Portugal.
  3. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Lobito, Angola". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
  4. ^ a b IHS Fairplay Ports & Termianls Guide. Berkshire, UK: IHS Global Limited. 2013. pp. 1–42 – 1–43. ISBN 9781906313562.