House of Lobkowicz
The Lobkowicz family (Lobkovicové in modern Czech, sg. z Lobkovic; Lobkowitz in German) dates back to the 14th century and is one of the oldest Bohemian noble families. The first Lobkowiczs were mentioned as members of the gentry of north-eastern Bohemia.
- Mikuláš Chudý ("the Poor") z Újezda (later z Lobkovic) was an important politician of the 15th century.
- Bohuslav Hasištejnský z Lobkovic was an essayist and poet.
- His brother Jan Hasištejnský z Lobkovic was a diplomat and pilgrim to the Holy Land.
- Vilém mladší Popel z Lobkovic (c. 22 July 1575 – 1 January 1647; William the Younger Popel of Lobkowicz, Royal councillor; Courtly justice, 1628–34; Highest hunter, 1634–47) inherited the lordship of Horšovský Týn on 15 June 1587, which had been purchased by his father John the Younger in 1546. Being Protestant he was dispossessed in favour of the Catholic Lokowicz line after the Battle of White Mountain in 1620. Vilém was through his daughter Anna Magdalene, Baroness Popel von Lobkowitz (20 July 1606 – 7 September 1668) father-in-law of Julius Henry of Saxe-Lauenburg since 18 August 1632.
- Zdeněk Vojtěch Popel z Lobkovic was the head of the Catholic Party in early 17th century Bohemia and received Imperial as well as Bohemian princely title in 1620s.
- Václav Eusebius František, Prince of Lobkowicz (1609–1677), his son, Imperial Field marshal and diplomat, and since 1646 Duke of Sagan.
- Georg Christian, Fürst von Lobkowicz was an Imperial Field marshal and founder of the Mělník-Lobkowicz branch.
- Jiří Kristián z Lobkowicz was a Bohemian politician and head of Bohemian Diet in the late 19th century.
- Prince Georg Christian of Lobkowitz (1907–1932), racing driver; died after a crash at the German Grand Prix.
Historically, the best known member of the Lobkowicz family is probably Joseph Franz Maximilian Lobkowicz (1772–1816), one of Haydn's and Beethoven's patrons. He was the dedicatee of some of these composers' greatest works, including Haydn's "Lobkowitz" quartets (Op. 77), and Beethoven's 3rd, 5th, and 6th symphonies and his Op. 18 string quartets.
Well-known Lobkowiczs of today are:
- Michal Lobkowicz, MP 1992–2002, 1997–98 Minister of Defence of the Czech Republic
- Jaroslav Lobkowicz, MP 1998–2006, 2010-, head of Křimice branch and the whole family (who would be the "Prince of Roudnice" bar abolition of nobility)
- František Václav Lobkowicz, O.Praem., Bishop of Ostrava and Opava
- Jiří Lobkowicz, businessman and politician, head of Mělník branch
- Mikuláš Lobkowicz, philosopher, rector of the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, president of the Katholische Universität Eichstätt-Ingolstadt
- Prince Edouard Lobkowicz, businessman, in charge of charities of the Papal Sovereign Military Order of Malta in Lebanon, married to Princess Françoise of Bourbon-Parma, elected by the fashion press to the International Best Dressed List
- William Lobkowicz, current heir and manager of most of the Lobkowicz lands in the Czech Republic (Lobkovický palace, Nelahozeves, Roudnice nad Labem, Střekov).
After the Velvet Revolution of 1989 a number of castles and estates were restituted to different branches of the family, namely the Lobkovický palace next to Prague Castle (now museum with a famous picture gallery), Nelahozeves Castle (museum), Roudnice nad Labem castle, Střekov castle, Mělník castle, Bílina castle, Křimice castle, Dolní Beřkovice castle (inherited by the Thurn und Taxis family), Jezeří castle (sold), Vysoký Chlumec castle (sold).
- Roudnice nad Labem
- Střekov Ústí nad Labem)
- Vysoký Chlumec
- Neustadt an der Waldnaab
- Horšovský Týn
Lobkovický palace next to Prague Castle
Roudnice nad Labem Castle
Jezeří Castle near Horní Jiřetín
Vysoký Chlumec Castle